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Type Approval Laboratory for electronic communication equipment. Basic Concepts & Requirements. Scope of the Workshop. Normative, regulatory and standardization frameworks Basic concepts of Type Approval Test Methodologies Conformity Assessment Concepts & Requirements Safety and EMC
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Basic Concepts & Requirements
Type approval is granted to a product that meets a minimum set of regulatory, technical and safetyrequirements.
Generally, type approval is required before a product is allowed to be sold in a particular country, so the requirements for a given product will vary around the world.
- Safety (LVD, SAR, radiated emissions)
- Electromagnetic Compatibility (emissions and immunity)
- Efficient use of radiofrequency spectrum
- To essential requirements
- Additional, e.g. interoperability, emergency …
- Not practical in type approval
- This is a real problem everybody faces
Subject of the discussion
of this workshop!
Low Voltage Directive (LVD) – Directive 2006/95/EC
Electro-Magnetic Compatibility (EMC) Directive – Directive 2004/108/EC
radio equipment shall be so constructed that it effectively uses the spectrum allocated to terrestrial/space radio communicationPoint of Reference: CE mark Approval
R&TTE … Radio and Telecommunications Terminal Equipment
Presumption of Conformance
Efficient use of RF Spectrum
IEC 60065 for Household Audio/Video Equipment
IEC 60335 Household and similar electrical appliances
IEC 60601 Medical Electrical Equipment
IEC 60691 Thermal Links
IEC 60730 Automatic Electrical Controls
IEC 60745 Hand-held Electric Tools
IEC 60950 Information Technology Equipment
IEC 61010 Electrical Equipment for Measurement, Control and Laboratory Use
IEC 61058 Switches for Appliances
IEC 61215 and IEC 61646 for Photovoltaic (PV) Modules
IEC 61965 for Cathode Ray Tubes
Low Voltage Directive (LVD) 2006/95/EC
Harmonized standard IEC/ETSI EN 60950
Mechanical and heat hazards
Resistance to fire
Protection from electric shock
Protection from energy hazards
Physical and constructive requirements
and more then 400 pages in std. EN 60950
Core Network – Circuit Switched
Mobility, Call & Session Management
Core Network – Packet Switched
safety & EMC
R&TTE (Including safety & EMC)
Decide upon TAL framework
- cannot be solved by means of TA as those terminals enter the market illegally
- can be solved by menas of TA only to some extent
Electrical products are now the cause of 80% of all fires.
Technology trend leads to reduction and minimization of electronic circuits.
The concentration of elements and concentration of electric power per mm2 is increasing.
Electrical products can fail and may not guarante full life time.
Select the product categories
Choose the corresponding standards
Equip the test laboratory, acquire knowledge and experience
Enforce safety regulations in the country
Determine the penalty
Implement controls on the market
Prepare enough place for:
Warehouse for measurement and IUT equipment
Filtering the Internal AC main power and IT network (safety fuse and separate distribution)
Long term tests (tests can take more than 1 month)
Temperature&humidy tests (to assure separate place for noisy test equipment (temperature&humidity chamber))
AC/AC or DC/DC variation