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Tourism in Venice Emiliano Ramieri Tourist typologies Overnight staying Tourists : stay in Venice for more than one day Day trippers : visit Venice in a day Direct day trippers : move daily from their residential place

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Tourism in Venice

Emiliano Ramieri

tourist typologies
Tourist typologies
  • Overnight staying Tourists: stay in Venice for more than one day
  • Day trippers: visit Venice in a day
    • Direct day trippers: move daily from their residential place
    • Improper direct day trippers: their tourist destination is Venice, but their accommodation is outside Venice historical centre
    • Indirect day trippers: have a different tourist destination (mainly seaside resorts in Cavallino and Chioggia) and visit Venice as an integrative destination
    • Transits

Data referred to 1996; source: COSES, 2001

overnight staying tourists in venice
Overnight staying tourists in Venice

Source: data – APT; elaboration – Statistics and Research Bureau of Venice Municipality

In 2006 about 2.000.000 arrivals (+6.7%) and 5.400.000 presences (+9.4%)

overnight staying tourists in venice municipality 1
Overnight staying tourists in Venice Municipality (1)

Source: data – APT; elaboration – Statistics and Research Bureau of Venice Municipality

Municipality = Venice + Mestre and Marghera + Cavallino (till 1999) + Lido

In 1999 about 3.200.000 arrivals and 11.260.000 presences

tourists and day trippers
Tourists and day trippers

Data referred to 2002; source: Mag.Acque – Corila, 2008

  • High incidence of day trippers (about 75%)
  • Overnight staying tourists generate greater contribution to total turn over (about 60%), while day-trippers economic contribution is relatively marginal
  • Benefits generated by Venice tourism are distributed over a larger area, also including other municipalities
  • Socio-economic and environmental impacts tends to concentrate on Venice historical centre
monthly distribution
Monthly distribution

1

1

2

2

3

Monthly distribution (data referred to 2005) of presences of overnight staying tourists in Venice (1); Mestre and Marghera (2); Lido (3) (Source: Statistics and Research Bureau of Venice Municipality)

Indirect day trippers prefer summer period, while direct day trippers are concentrated in the May-September period

tourism impacts on the urban system
Tourism impacts on the urban system
  • Increase in prices of real estates, goods and services
  • Congestion of main tourist areas and of public transportation
  • Replacement of no-tourist economic activities and urban functions
  • Mono-specialization of economic activities
  • Increase in waste generation and resource consumption
  • Increase in transportation demand and wave impacts on the urban infrastructure
tourist carrying capacity
Tourist carrying capacity

Calculation of the indicator is rather difficult, Few estimations are available

  • According to Canestrelli and Costa (1991)
  • Maximum daily carrying capacity for Venice is about 25.000 visitors (11.000 overnight tourist and 14.000 day trippers)
  • This limits was exceeded in 156 days in 1987 and 216 days in 2000
  • Optimal daily carrying capacity is lower: about 22.000 visitors (11.200 overnight tourist and 10.800 day trippers)
indicator of tourist pressure 1
Indicator of tourist pressure (1)

Ratio between yearly number of visitors and resident population

Data referred to 1990 and to overnight staying tourists and day trippers; source: Van der Borg and Russo, 1997

indicator of tourist pressure 2
Indicator of tourist pressure (2)

Data referred to overnight staying tourists; source: Van der Borg and Russo, 1997; Statistics and Research Bureau of Venice Municipality

Residential population trend

source: Statistics and Research Bureau of Venice Municipality

indicator of tourist congestion
Indicator of tourist congestion
  • According to Indovina (1988), public space of Venice historical centre is utilized according to this general distribution: 34% tourists; 49.3% residents; 12.6% commuters; 4.1% students
  • In main tourist areas tourist % is higher: 56.9% on average and 66.9% in the July-October period (Di Maria et al., 2003)

Distribution of accommodation structures in November 2003 (source: Zanon et al., 2004)

venice ecological footprint
Venice Ecological footprint

Data referred to 2002; source: ARPAV and Regione Veneto, 2002; Tiezzi (2004); WWF (2002)

Head ecological footprint (hectares)

Ecological footprint of Venice Province is influenced by tourists. Contribution of overnight staying tourist is about 8.5% (Tiezzi, 2004), while day trippers contribution is unknown

tourism impact on venice lagoon
Tourism impact on Venice Lagoon
  • Main environmental impacts of tourism on Venice Lagoon are linked to water transportation demand and relative negative effects on lagoon’s morphologies
  • Tourism water transportation contribution is about 13% during the summer period

Boats per day during summer 2002. Results of model simulation (source: Mag.Acque – Technital, 2002)