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  1. Research Finding: • A certain level of investment in the LMC program is necessary to expect improved achievement. • What level of investment is required to make a significant difference?

  2. Lance Findings in Two States • Pennsylvania (2000) 435 schools • Colorado (2000) 200 schools

  3. Comparison of 25 Top Scoring vs. 25 Lowest Scoring Schools • Staffing in Pennsylvania • Professional staff hours/week • 5th grade 34.31 vs. 29.36 17% difference • 8th grade 38.40 vs. 37.63 2% difference • 11th grade 45.06 vs. 43.25 4% difference • Support staff hours/week • 5th grade 25.92 vs. 12.48 108% difference • 8th grade 30.30 vs. 15.80 92% difference • 11th grade 49.57 vs. 19.28 157% difference

  4. Conclusion in Pennsylvania • Support staff was the key difference between strong and weak library media programs. • That is, professionals alone cannot make a major difference because of the load of clerical and technical work.

  5. Finding in Colorado • Total library media staff hours/100 students • 4th grade 14.67 vs. 9.38 56% difference • 7th grade 13.00 vs. 10.72 21% difference

  6. Conclusion for Colorado: • The total LMC staff size contributes to academic achievement.

  7. Budget investment for five states • Pennsylvania • Colorado • Texas • Iowa • New Mexico

  8. 25 Highest Scoring vs. 25 Lowest Scoring Schools • Pennsylvania budget for LMC materials • 5th grade $7,240 vs. $4,928 • 47% difference in scores • 8th grade $14,506 vs. $8,386 • 73% difference in scores • 11th grade $23,730 vs. 14,197 • 67% difference in scores

  9. LMC Materials Expenditures per StudentSelected States & Grade Levels

  10. Conclusion • In all states studied, higher achieving schools spend more on materials for their library media programs.

  11. Materials available in the LMC in six states • Pennsylvania • Colorado • Texas • Oregon • Iowa • New Mexico

  12. 25 Highest Scoring vs. 25 Lowest Scoring Schools • Pennsylvania print volumes • 5th grade 10,857 vs. 8,876 • 22% difference in scores • 8th grade 13,507 vs. 10,744 • 26% difference in scores • 11th grade 15,474 vs. 14,499 • 7% difference in scores

  13. Volumes Per CapitaHighest & Lowest ScoringSchools in CO, TX, OR, IA & NM

  14. Conclusion • Stronger LMCs have richer print collections and this contributes to academic achievement. • They also have stronger periodical and electronic collections