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Dual-Use Technology Transfer. National Automotive Center. June 2003. Overview. U.S. ARMY Tank Automotive Research, Development & Engineering Center (TARDEC). Located in Warren, MI Part of the Research, Development & Engineering (RDE) Command . NAC Mission.

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Dual use technology transfer

Dual-Use Technology Transfer

National Automotive Center

June 2003


U s army tank automotive research development engineering center tardec

U.S. ARMYTank Automotive Research, Development & Engineering Center (TARDEC)

Located in Warren, MI

Part of the Research, Development & Engineering (RDE) Command

NAC Mission

  • Identify dual needs of the Department of Defense and the automotive industry.

  • Accelerate the exchange and implementation of automotive technologies by fostering relationships and forming cost-shared partnerships.

  • Vision is to become the recognized leader in automotive technology for tomorrow’s defense.


Technical focus areas
Technical Focus Areas





and Logistics Improvement


Vehicle Modernization




Crew Safety Enhancement


Manufacturing Innovation

Nac business model
NAC Business Model

Dual Needs Focus












Tardec facilities technical opportunities

TARDEC Facilities

Fabrication Facility

Electrical Lab

Propulsion Lab

Robotic Engineering Lab

Air Flow Test Facility

Vetronics Lab

IR Imaging Lab

Fuels & Lubes Lab

Motion Base Simulator

Software engineering

High Performance Computing

Advanced Collaborative Environment

TARDEC Facilities & Technical Opportunities

Technical Opportunities

  • Fuel Efficiency

  • Vehicle Modernization

  • Vehicle Driver and Crew Safety

  • Maintenance and Logistics

  • Innovative Manufacturing

  • Simulation & Virtual Reality


High Performance Computing

  • High Performance Computing (HPC) is a key enabling technology supporting TACOM-TARDEC’s scientists, engineers, and academic & industrial partners.

  • HPC expertise is in ground vehicle performance modeling & simulation.

  • TARDEC HPC has national prominence as a DoD HPC Distributed Centerthrough the DoD HPC Modernization Program (HPCMP).

  • The installed hardware and software provides computational power necessary to perform complex scientific and engineering analyses, as well as associated visualization.

  • Facility includes an Elumens Corporation Model V3 VisionDome interactive immersive visualization platform.

Ground vehicle simulation

The Ground Vehicle Simulation Laboratory(GVSL)provides the capability to evaluate Tank and Automotive systems and sub-systems engineering and operational performance using a series of unique motion-based simulators to place the users, vehicle systems and subsystems, in a variety of dynamic environments, which accurately reproduce motions experienced during proving ground tests or field operations. They are:

Crew Station / Turret Motion Base Simulator (CS/TMBS)

Ride Motion Simulator (RMS)

Pintle Motion Base Simulator (PMBS)

Re-Configurable “N” Post Simulator (RNPS)

Vehicle Inertial Properties Evaluation Rig (VIPER)

Custom Component Test Equipment

Tire Lab (Durability/Characterization Capabilities)

Virtual Environment Development and Immersion for man/equipment-in-the-loop testing (i.e. human immersive testing, robotics, etc.)

Ground Vehicle Simulation

Ground vehicle simulation continued

The GVSL analytical simulation capability focuses on the utilization of physics-based computer models capable of predicting vehicle dynamic and structural performance. The models can consider scenarios that are too dangerous to test, as well as those within a vehicle’s expected operating envelope.

Develop models for real-time manned technology-in-the-loop assessments

Develop quantitative tools for structural integrity, durability and reliability analysis.

Dynamic Analysis and Design System (DADS)Symbolically Optimized Vehicle Analysis System (SOVAS)Abaqus and PatranDiva and MayaMatlab

Ground Vehicle Simulation (Continued)

COMmercially BAsed

Tactical Truck

A severe duty commercial truck that could supplement the joint forces light tactical vehicle fleet


COMmercially BAsed

Tactical Truck

  • A diesel-hybrid military pickup equipped with a fuel-cell auxiliary power unit (APU)

  • May become the model for the Army's new fleet of 30,000 light tactical vehicles by the end of the decade

  • Features GM's strategic fuel-cell-alliance partner, Hydrogenics Corp.


Alternative Fuels/

Fuel Cell Program

Current projects

  • Diesel Reformer Fuel Cell Truck

  • Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Auxiliary Power Unit (APU) for Long Haul Trucks

  • Fuel Cell Auxiliary Power Unit for Heavy Trucks.





  • Multi-mode modular cargo vehicle

  • Incorporates the latest commercial technology

  • Technologies include:

    • Advanced hybrid automotive designs;

    • Robust command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance crew station;

    • Advanced robotic handler;

    • Onboard water generation system


SmarTruck II

  • Multi-purpose vehicle capable of both counter terrorism support and homeland security

  • Heavy-duty stainless steel receiver frame accepts multiple combinations of special applications interchangeable modules/pods:

    • Base Power Module

    • Electro Optics Module

    • Weapons Module

    • Integrated Communications Module


Advanced Hybrid Electric Wheel Drive

AHED 8x8 Demonstrator

M113 Hybrid Electric Drive



Mobile Parts Hospital

  • A self-contained, self-sustaining transportable mobile on-demand manufacturing system

  • Will fabricate spare parts near the point of need thru traditional and solid freeform fabrication processes

  • Uses advanced manufacturing technologies with a mobile unit and an Agile Manufacturing Cell

  • Goal of the MPH program is to increase vehicle readiness by fabricating repair or replacement parts near the point of need



Vehicle Intelligence




Us army national automotive center technology partnerships


  • Cooperative Research and Development Agreements (CRADA)

Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR)


CRADAs are established between Federal Government Laboratories and one (or more) commercial partners to facilitate technology transfer between the parties for their mutual benefit. This helps to improve U.S. competitiveness. Under a CRADA, an industry partner may contribute resources such as personnel, services, property and funding to the effort. The government can contribute all the above, except funding.

SBIRs are used to fund early-stage, innovative Research & Development (R & D) efforts that serve to meet U.S. Army needs and have a potential for commercialization in private and/or military markets.


Cooperative Research and Development Agreement

Small Business Innovation Research

Cooperative research and development crada program

Sharing Resources in a Joint Effort for a Dual-Use Objective.

Cooperative Research And Development (CRADA) Program

Crada features benefits

Quick Objective.The agreement can typically be established within 60 days of initiation.

CRADA - Features & Benefits

Mutually Beneficial It was created to encourage and facilitate cooperative R&D, with industry interests as the focus and technology transfer as the goal. The commercial partner generally has the first option to exclusively license technology which the Army invents under the CRADA.

Flexible It provides leveraging of resources including funding, facilities, equipment, and knowledge. Each party pays for their own tasks under a very flexible Statement of Work.

SafeCompany proprietary information that pre-dates the CRADA is protected at all times. All intellectual property developed under the CRADA belongs to the inventing party.

SimpleThe conditions of the agreement and the basic rights of each party are set forth in clear and simple language. There are no matching funds mandated under a CRADA.

Crada recent agreements

Akzo Nobel Coatings Objective.

Boeing/McDonnell Douglas


EDS Unigraphics

Evans Cooling Systems

Exide Corp.

Alion Science & Technology

Heart International

General Dynamics Land Systems

Onodi Tool & Engineering

Holographic Imaging

Klune Industries

Ibis Tek

Georgia Tech Research Corporation

JME, Inc.

Altair Engineering

National Biodiesel Board


Scitech Industries

Search Technology

Smiths Aerospace

BLV Motorsports

United Defense L.P.

Deere & Company

Water Visions International

CRADA – Recent Agreements

Small business innovation research sbir program

Successfully Transferring New Technology from Concept to Market

Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program

Sbir program history

Government-wide Program established by Congress in 1982 to promote small business participation in Federal Research and Development (R&D)

SBIR R&D Enhancement Act of 1992 (PL 102-564) extended the SBIR Program until Oct 2000. The Act HR 5667 of December 2000 re-authorized the Program until 2008.

DOD SBIR Program administered in accordance with Small Business Administration (SBA) SBIR Policy Directives

Serves Army R&D needs by identifying and funding innovative projects proposed by the small business community

Allows Army Labs & RDECs to tap into advanced technologies of small firms

SBIR Program History

Sbir features benefits

Stimulates technological innovation. promote small business participation in Federal Research and Development (R&D)

Uses small businesses to meet Federal R & D needs

Fosters & encourages participation by socially and economically disadvantaged small businesses.

Increases private sector commercialization of innovations derived from Federal R & D, thereby increasing competition, productivity and economic growth.

Uses a three-phase approach, involving projects of high technical risk, to establish technical feasibility.

Visit www.acq.osd.mil/sadbu/sbir for more details

SBIR - Features & Benefits

Sbir program
SBIR Program promote small business participation in Federal Research and Development (R&D)

  • Three-phase program of product development

  • Next Army solicitation available on WWW 1 MAY 2003:


Other Govt.

Other Govt.

Phase I



Up to $100K

(Army $70K)

Phase II

Research &


Up to $750K

(Army $730K)

Phase III

Develop & market product


  • Most SBIR participants are firms of fewer than 10 employees

  • Army only participates in the annual spring solicitation


  • Dual use technologies

  • DoD funds feasibility and R&D

  • Industry develops product & market

Sbir program fast track incentive program

Accelerated Phase II process for Phase I contractors with investors matching Phase II SBIR funding

Provides incentive to build strategic partners for Phase III investment and marketing as early as Phase I

Benefits of the process:

Interim funding up to $50,000 between Phase I and II

Expedited Phase II evaluation, selection and award


Fast Track application 120 days after Phase I award

Independent investor commitment for funds in cash

Matching Rates: 4:1 matching-new firms, 1:1 others

SBIR Program - Fast TrackIncentive Program

Sbir program phase ii plus incentive program

Phase II enhancement program investors matching Phase II SBIR funding

Extended R&D efforts to meet product, process or service requirement of third party investor.

Accelerate the Phase II project into Phase III

SBIR matching third-party funds up to $250k

Extension of Phase II project up to one year

Applications 3 months prior to the end of Phase II

Matching funds provided by third-party investor

SBIR Program - Phase II PlusIncentive Program

Sbir program time table

PHASE I investors matching Phase II SBIR funding

Topic Generation(TARDEC) OCT-DEC 2002

Topic Generation(Army-DoD) DEC 2002 - FEB 2003

Topic Pre-release on Web 01 MAY 2003

Solicitation Opens 01 JUL 2003

Solicitation Closes 14 AUG 2003

Proposal Evaluation AUG - OCT 2003

Negotiate Contracts NOV - DEC 2003

SBIR Program – Time Table

Sbir program time table1

PHASE II investors matching Phase II SBIR funding

Invite Proposals 11 APR 03

Proposals Due 09 MAY 03

Evaluations MAY - JUL 03

Negotiate Contracts mid JUL - 8 NOV 03

SBIR Program – Time Table

Sbir crada success stories

Wireless Wide Area Network investors matching Phase II SBIR funding

Efficient Potable Water

Short Wavelength Infrared Sensors

Improved Manufacturability of Electronic Microchip Technologies

Thermal Modeling Software

High-Speed Resolution Image Sensor

SBIR & CRADA - Success Stories

Small business innovation research sbir program1

Government Contracts and SBIRs investors matching Phase II SBIR funding

Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Program

Eligibility and limitations
Eligibility and Limitations investors matching Phase II SBIR funding

  • Must qualify as small business for research as defined below:

  • organized for profit, with a place of business located in the United States

  • legal form of an individual proprietorship, partnership, limited liability company, corporation, joint venture, association, trust or cooperative

  • at least 51 percent owned and controlled by one or more individuals who are citizens of, or permanent resident aliens in, the United States

  • has, including its affiliates, not more than 500 employees

Eligibility and limitations cont
Eligibility and Limitations, Cont. investors matching Phase II SBIR funding

  • Small business must:

  • perform two-thirds work for Phase I

  • perform one-half work for Phase II

  • primary employment of the principal investigator must be with the small business

  • work must be performed by the small business concern in the United States

Conflicts of interest
Conflicts of Interest investors matching Phase II SBIR funding

  • Awards made to firms owned by or employing current or previous Federal Government employees:

  • could create conflicts of interest for those employees in violation of federal law

  • contact the cognizant Ethics Counselor from the employees' Government agency for further guidance

Tips investors matching Phase II SBIR funding

  • Things to remember:

  • DoD's SBIR 2003.2 Solicitation available in HTML, PDF and DOC formats on the web at:

  • http://www.acq.osd.mil/sadbu/sbir/solicitations/sbir032/index.htm

  • Officially opens on 7/02/03 and proposals will be due (at DoD) by 6:00 AM on 14 August 2003

  • The DoD topics search Web site can be found at:

  • http://www.sbirsttr.com/Topics/Default.asp or

  • http://stinet.dtic.mil/str/sbir.html

Tips cont
Tips, cont. investors matching Phase II SBIR funding

  • Things to remember:

  • Cannot speak directly to topic authors after 07/02/03

  • SITIS bulletin board system will be available to accept queries until 31 July 2003.

  • Before you submit a proposal check bulletin board even if you don't need to ask a question, you should view your competitor's questions and the DoD's answers at: http://dtica.dtic.mil/sbir/sbirmenu.html

Tips cont1
Tips, cont. investors matching Phase II SBIR funding

  • Things to remember:

  • ALL SBIR offeror’s MUST register electronically via the Web at: http://www.dodsbir.net/submission/

  • Via the same Web site you will submit:

  • a) DoD Proposal Cover Sheet (cover and summary abstract),

  • b) ENTIRE Technical Proposal with any appendices,

  • c) Cost Proposal, and the

  • d) Company Commercialization Report

Tips cont2
Tips, cont. investors matching Phase II SBIR funding

  • Things to remember:

  • DoD require proposals submitted ONLY in PDF format.

  • DoD Help Desk can be contacted via:

  • Phone: 866-SBIRHLP (866-724-7457)

  • E-mail: a facility to submit e-mail questions can be found at http://www.dodsbir.net/helpdesk/

Tips cont3
Tips, cont. investors matching Phase II SBIR funding

  • Things to remember:

  • Prior to receiving a contract award, the offeror must be registered in the Central Contractor Registration (CCR) database. For information regarding registration, call 1-888-227-2423 or visit http://www.ccr.gov/

  • You are required to, “Identify any foreign nationals you expect to be involved on this project, country of origin and level of involvement”

Tips cont4
Tips, cont. investors matching Phase II SBIR funding

  • Things to remember:

  • Phase I options:

    • Allowed by Army (up to $50K)

    • Should be fully costed separately from the Phase I (base) approach

    • Should have separate work plan from Phase I

    • Both cost proposal and work plan needs to be part of Phase I proposal

Tips cont5
Tips, cont. investors matching Phase II SBIR funding

  • Type of contracts:

  • Phase I – Firm Fixed Price (FFP)

    • Provides for a price that is not subject to any adjustment on the basis of the contractor's cost experience in performing the contract.

    • This type of contract places upon the contractor maximum risk and full responsibility for all costs and resulting profit or loss.

Tips cont6
Tips, cont. investors matching Phase II SBIR funding

  • Type of contracts:

  • Phase II – Cost Plus Fixed Fee (CPFF)

    • Provides for payment to the contractor of allowable costs incurred in the performance of the contract, to the extent prescribed in the contract.Provides for the payment of a fixed fee to the contractor.

    • The fixed fee once negotiated, does not vary with actual cost, but may be adjusted as result of any subsequent changes in the scope of work or services to be performed under the contract.

Working with the nac

The primary mission of the investors matching Phase II SBIR fundingNational Automotive Center (NAC) is to serve as a catalyst linking industry, academia and government in the development and exchange of automotive technologies that will benefit all sectors.

We’re looking for a few good ideas!

Working With The NAC

For more information on CRADA’s, please contact:

U.S. Army

National Automotive Center


6501 E. 11 Mile Road

Warren, MI 48397-5000

POC: Peter DiSante

Phone: 586-574-8958

[email protected]

For more information on the SBIR program, please contact:

U.S. Army

National Automotive Center


6501 E. 11 Mile Road

Warren, MI 48397-5000

POC: Alex Sandel

Phone: 586-574-7545

[email protected]

Visit www.tacom.army.mil/tardec/nac/partner.htm on the web!

Win win

Exchanging technologies reduces investors matching Phase II SBIR funding

cost and accelerates the delivery of

new technologies to our customers.