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  1. DreamsIs it important to understand and interpret our dreams?“Dreams are a conversation with oneself, a dialogue of symbols and images that takes place between the unconscious and conscious levels of the mind.” –David Fontana By Taylor Olson

  2. History of Dreams • Interpretation dates to 4000 BC • The Chester Beatty Papyrus • Egyptian view of dreams • The Homeric view of dreams • Aristotle • Shaman views and importance of dreams • The growth of Christianity and Western influence throughout the world

  3. What are dreams? • In 1838 a German dream study was done to 3000 people: • 96% saw more visual than audio • 2/3 did not think in dreams • 2/3 more complicated than simple • 93% were active participants

  4. Phases of sleep • Waking frequency: Beta. • Body relaxes into light sleep state: Alpha • Brainwaves slow to a more relaxed state theta: R.E.M. occurs. • Brainwaves slow down even more into the state of light sleep. • The “dead sleep” also known as delta , you experience a deep dreamless sleep. • These phases repeat 4 to 5 times every 90 minutes

  5. Psychiatric View Toward Dreams • Sigmund Freud: “Dreams are fulfillments of wishes disguised in dream forms.” Condensation Displacement Symbolism • Carl Jung: The four parts of the brain

  6. Neurophysiologic theory of dreaming: Making sense of what the brain is bombarded with during R.E.M. sleep. • Psychic “garbage” theory

  7. Lucid Dreaming • Consciously aware that you aredreaming. • Therapeutic advantages • The dreamer’s ego • Lucid dreaming can be a “intrapersonal psychotherapy breakthrough”

  8. Dream Themes and Interpretation • The secret language of dreams • Archetypal themes • Understanding our personal lives can help us understand our dreams EXAMPLES OF THEMES: The body Change and Transition Direction and Identity Success and Failure Anxiety

  9. Are dreams relevant in today's society? Is lucid dreaming a valid theory? Should dreams be interpreted? Are dreams important?