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Dreams Is it important to understand and interpret our dreams? “Dreams are a conversation with oneself, a dialogue of symbols and images that takes place between the unconscious and conscious levels of the mind.” –David Fontana By Taylor Olson History of Dreams Interpretation dates to 4000 BC

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by taylor olson

DreamsIs it important to understand and interpret our dreams?“Dreams are a conversation with oneself, a dialogue of symbols and images that takes place between the unconscious and conscious levels of the mind.” –David Fontana

By Taylor Olson

history of dreams
History of Dreams
  • Interpretation dates to 4000 BC
  • The Chester Beatty Papyrus
  • Egyptian view of dreams
  • The Homeric view of dreams
  • Aristotle
  • Shaman views and importance of dreams
  • The growth of Christianity and Western influence throughout the world
what are dreams
What are dreams?
  • In 1838 a German dream study was done to 3000 people:
    • 96% saw more visual than audio
    • 2/3 did not think in dreams
    • 2/3 more complicated than simple
    • 93% were active participants
phases of sleep
Phases of sleep
  • Waking frequency: Beta.
  • Body relaxes into light sleep state: Alpha
  • Brainwaves slow to a more relaxed state theta: R.E.M. occurs.
  • Brainwaves slow down even more into the state of light sleep.
  • The “dead sleep” also known as delta , you experience a deep dreamless sleep.
  • These phases repeat 4 to 5 times every 90 minutes
psychiatric view toward dreams
Psychiatric View Toward Dreams
  • Sigmund Freud: “Dreams are fulfillments of wishes disguised in dream forms.”

Condensation

Displacement

Symbolism

  • Carl Jung: The four parts of the brain
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Neurophysiologic theory of dreaming: Making sense of what the brain is bombarded with during R.E.M. sleep.
  • Psychic “garbage” theory
lucid dreaming
Lucid Dreaming
  • Consciously aware that you aredreaming.
  • Therapeutic advantages
  • The dreamer’s ego
  • Lucid dreaming can be a “intrapersonal psychotherapy breakthrough”
dream themes and interpretation
Dream Themes and Interpretation
  • The secret language of dreams
  • Archetypal themes
  • Understanding our personal lives can help us understand our dreams

EXAMPLES OF THEMES:

The body

Change and Transition

Direction and Identity

Success and Failure

Anxiety

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Are dreams relevant in today's society?

Is lucid dreaming a valid theory?

Should dreams be interpreted?

Are dreams important?