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Food Fruit Bearing Nectar Plants Larval Plants Cover Water Puddling Station Birdbaths Managing For Wildlife Weeds Nuisance Animals More Information Attracting Wildlife Author: Rebecca McNair All Animals Need: Food Cover Water Space

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attracting wildlife


Fruit Bearing

Nectar Plants

Larval Plants



Puddling Station


Managing For Wildlife


Nuisance Animals

More Information

Attracting Wildlife

Author: Rebecca McNair

all animals need
All Animals Need:
    • Food
    • Cover
    • Water
    • Space
  • Animals will only reside or forage in an area that contains enough of these four essential elements to maintain daily activities.


  • Fruit
  • Seeds
  • Insects
  • Nectar
  • Larval
  • Meat
  • Remember to provide food year-round, especially in winter.

Attract a variety of birds, reptiles, bats, butterflies and other insects

fruit bearing plants for north florida
Fruit Bearing Plantsfor North Florida

Tupelo Nyssa ogeche

Wild grapeVitis sp.

Beautyberry Calicarpa americana

mulberry morus rubra
MulberryMorus rubra

(USDA Zone 5-9)

  • Large native tree ~ 40 ft
  • Full sun
  • Throughout Florida
  • Edible fruit in spring
  • Brittle bark, messy
chickasaw plum prunus angustifolia

(USDA Zone 8-10)

Chickasaw PlumPrunus angustifolia
  • Native tree ~10 ft
  • Full to partial sun
  • Blooms early spring
  • Edible fruit
  • Suckers tend to form thickets
holly ilex spp
Holly Ilex spp.

(USDA Zone 6-9)

  • Native shrubs and trees
  • Sun to partial shade
  • Range varies
  • Fruit remains through winter, attracting birds
  • Salt, drought and shade tolerant
  • Suckers

Gallberry Ilex glabra

Dahoon HollyIlex cassine

virginia willow itea virginica usda zone 6 10a
Virginia WillowItea virginica(USDA Zone 6-10A)
  • Native shrub ~ 7 ft
  • Full to partial sun
  • Blooms spring
  • Drought and flood tolerant
  • Suckers tend to form thickets
fruit bearing plants for south florida
Fruit Bearing Plantsfor South Florida

Photo by Joe Schaefer

Bluestem Palm Sabal minor

Southern Red Cedar Juniperus silicicola

Sea Grape Coccoloba uvifera



elderberry sambucus canadensis usda zone 3 7
ElderberrySambucus canadensis(USDA Zone 3-7)
  • Native shrub ~15 ft
  • Full to partial sun
  • Throughout Florida
  • Fragrant flowers year-round
  • Edible fruit
florida privet forestiera segregata usda zone 9 11
Florida PrivetForestiera segregata(USDA Zone 9-11)
  • Native shrub ~10 ft
  • Full to partial sun
  • Throughout Florida
  • Fast grower
  • Drought and salt tolerant
  • Dense cover and fruits attract birds
wild coffee psychotria nervosa usda zone 11
Wild CoffeePsychotria nervosa(USDA Zone 11)
  • Native shrub ~8 ft
  • Partial to full shade tolerant
  • Blooms spring- summer
  • Attracts butterflies and birds
nectar plants for north florida
Nectar Plantsfor North Florida

Cardinal flowerLobelia cardinalis

ConeflowerEchinacea purpurea

Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis

golden dew drop duranta repens usda zone 8 11
Golden Dew DropDuranta repens(USDA Zone 8-11)
  • Shrub ~ 14 feet
  • Full to partial sun
  • Blooms year- round
  • Throughout Florida
  • High drought tolerance
  • Attracts butterflies
porterweed stachytarpheta jamaicensis usda zone 8 11
Porterweed Stachytarpheta jamaicensis(USDA Zone 8-11)
  • Native and non-native perennial ~ 4 ft
  • Full to partial sun
  • Blooms year-round
  • Medium salt and drought tolerance

Red variety is non-native

coral honeysuckle lonicera sempervirens usda zone 6 9a
Coral HoneysuckleLonicera sempervirens(USDA Zone 6-9A)
  • Native vine
  • Full to partial sun
  • Blooms spring- fall
  • Throughout Florida
  • Attract butterflies and hummingbirds
nectar plants for south florida

Mexican Flame VineSenecio confusis

Nectar Plantsfor South Florida

Firebush Hamelia patens

Yellow Shrimp PlantPachystachys lutea

Red Shrimp Justicia spicigera

necklace pod sophora tomentosa usda zone 10b 11
Necklace PodSophora tomentosa(USDA Zone 10B-11)
  • Native shrub ~ 8 ft
  • Full sun
  • Blooms year-round
  • High salt and drought tolerance
  • Attracts humming-birds and butterflies
  • Poisonous to humans
jatropha jatropha integerrima usda zone 10b 11
Jatropha Jatropha integerrima(USDA Zone 10B-11)
  • Shrub ~ 8 feet
  • Full sun
  • Blooms year- round
  • Drought tolerance
  • Fruit is poisonous to humans
larval plants for north florida
Larval Plantsfor North Florida

Willow, Salix caroliniana is a larval host of the Viceroy.

Matchweed, Phyla nodiflora is the larval host of the Buckeye.

red bay persia borbonia usda zone 7 10b

Joe Schaefer

Red BayPersia borbonia(USDA Zone 7-10B)
  • Native tree ~ 40 ft
  • Full to partial sun
  • Throughout Florida
  • Drought and salt tolerant
  • Blooms in spring attract butterflies
  • Purple fruit attract birds

Bays are larval food for the spicebush swallowtail.

milkweed asclepias spp usda zone 8 10a
Milkweed Asclepias spp.(USDA Zone 8-10A)
  • Shrub ~ 4 ft
  • Natives available
  • Full to partial sun
  • Blooms year-round
  • Throughout Florida
  • Drought tolerant
  • Nectar attracts hummingbirds and butterflies

Larval host of Monarch and Queen

passion flower passiflora spp usda zone 6 11
Passion flower Passiflora spp. (USDA Zone 6-11)
  • Vine
  • Native varieties available
  • Full to partial sun
  • Blooms year-round
  • Throughout Florida

Larval host of Gulf Fritillary

coontie zamia pumila usda zone 9 11
Coontie Zamia pumila(USDA Zone 9-11)
  • Native shrub ~ 3 ft
  • Full-partial sun
  • Salt and drought tolerant
  • Throughout Florida
  • Insignificant bloom

Larval host of Atala butterfly, found only in southeast Florida.

larval plants for south florida

Wild TamarindLysiloma latisiliquum larval host of Cloudless Sulphurs

Larval Plantsfor South Florida

Green Shrimp Blechum brownei

Larval host of the Malachites

wild lime zanthozylum fagara usda zone 11
Wild LimeZanthozylum fagara(USDA Zone 11)
  • Native tree ~25 ft
  • Full to partial sun
  • Blooms year-round
  • Salt and drought tolerant

Larval host of Giant Swallowtail

dutchman s pipe aristolochia spp usda zone 8 11
Dutchman’s PipeAristolochia spp.(USDA Zone 8-11)
  • Vine
  • Full to partial sun
  • Blooms summer-fall
  • Medium drought tolerance

Larval host of Pipevine swallowtail

senna syn cassia senna spp usda zone 10 11

Chapman’s Senna

Senna mexicana var. chapmanii

Senna(syn. Cassia)Senna spp. (USDA Zone 10-11)
  • Native and non-native shrubs ~ 6-10 ft
  • Full to partial sun
  • Blooms fall- spring
  • Fast growing, short-lived

Larval host of Sulphurs

(non-native)Desert Cassia Senna polyphylla

  • Vertical layers
  • Evergreen species for winter cover
  • Standing dead trees, or “snags”
  • Brush pile
  • Permanent water feature
  • Sound of running water attracts many animals

Puddling-Butterflies obtain water and minerals from liquid in pore spaces.

Puddling station

Sandra Granson

design a puddling station
Design a Puddling Station
  • Layer sand in saucer
  • Add layer of compost
  • Place pebbles on top
  • Add water slowly (to pebble layer)
  • Place saucer on upside down pot
  • Shallow with mildly sloping sides
  • Rough surface
  • Keep clean
  • Rinse off any soap residue

Audubon Society recommends changing the water and cleaning bird baths weekly to avoid spreading avian diseases.

managing for wildlife
Managing for Wildlife
  • Vertical layers of vegetation
  • Plant natives
  • No pesticides!
  • Stop mowing- Weeds add wildlife value to your yard!

Long-tailed skipper feeding on Spanish needle.

Bidens alba

wild wonderful weeds

Coreopsis Coreopsis spp.

Wild Wonderful Weeds

Horsemint Monarda punctata


Phytolacca americana

Blanket flowerGaillardia pulchella

tolerance of nuisance animals
Tolerance of Nuisance Animals


(deer, rabbits, ducks)

  • Contribute to food web, circle of life
  • Nets and fencing may protect fruits
  • Harassment or nest removal for non-natives

Diggers(moles, gophers, squirrels, armadillos, tortoises)

  • Bring nutrient to surface
  • Loosen & aerate soil
  • Feed on turf and landscape pests
  • Trapping and deterrents


Pocket Gopher

Marsh rabbit

more wild information
More Wild Information
  • Florida Cooperative Extension Service - Wildlife Program

    • Print on demand
    • Links and information
    • Educational programs
  • Florida Wildlife Habitat Program
  • Local Audubon Society
further reading http edis ifas ufl edu
Further ReadingHttp://

WEC-20 Dealing with Unwanted Wildlife in an Urban Environment

SS-WEC-70 Threats to Florida's Biodiversity

WEC-72 Saving Endangered Species: How You Can Help

WEC-44 Water for Wildlife

SS-WIS-09 Native Plants that Attract Wildlife: Central Florida

SS-WIS-22 Butterfly Gardening in Florida

SS-WIS-21 Hummingbirds of Florida

thanks for your attention
Thanks for your attention!

The following presentation was made possible through a grant from FL DEP and EPA. Special thanks to the following reviewers for their valued contributions:

FL114 ELM Design Team and the FYN Subcommittee

Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, UF

Agriculture Education and Communication Department

Environmental Horticulture Department

Entomology and Nematology Department

Soil and Water Sciences Department

Florida Cooperative Extension Service in: Alachua, Broward, Clay, Hillsborough, Lake, Miami-Dade, Orange, Pinellas Sarasota, and Volusia Counties

Florida Organics Recycling Center for Excellence

The Center For Wetlands, UF

United States Department of Agriculture

Division of Plant Industry