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Who is THIS guy???. Romans Study. Who is THIS guy?? And what is he going to talk about??. The Gospel. I Corinthians 2:1-2 

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Who is THIS guy??

And what is he going to talk about??


The gospel
The Gospel

  • I Corinthians 2:1-2 

  • When I came to you, brothers, I did not come with eloquence or superior wisdom as I proclaimed to you the testimony about God. For I resolved to know nothing while I was with you except Jesus Christ and him crucified. I came to you in weakness and fear, and with much trembling.

  • Romans 1:16-17

  • I am not ashamed of the gospel, because it is the power of God for the salvation of everyone who believes: first for the Jew, then for the Gentile. For in the gospel a righteousness from God is revealed, a righteousness that is by faith from first to last, just as it is written: "The righteous will live by faith."


The gospel1
The Gospel

Martin Luther:

The Gospel is center of all Christian doctrine, wherein the knowledge of all godliness consists. Most necessary it is, therefore, that we should:

know this doctrine well

teach it unto others


The gospel2
The Gospel

Martin Luther:

The Gospel is center of all Christian doctrine, wherein the knowledge of all godliness consists. Most necessary it is, therefore, that we should:

know this doctrine well

teach it unto others

and beat it into their heads continually


The prodigal son luke 15 11 31
The Prodigal Son…Luke 15:11-31

  • The Parable of the Lost Son

  • 11Jesus continued: "There was a man who had two sons. 12The younger one said to his father, 'Father, give me my share of the estate.' So he divided his property between them.

  • 13"Not long after that, the younger son got together all he had, set off for a distant country and there squandered his wealth in wild living. 14After he had spent everything, there was a severe famine in that whole country, and he began to be in need. 15So he went and hired himself out to a citizen of that country, who sent him to his fields to feed pigs. 16He longed to fill his stomach with the pods that the pigs were eating, but no one gave him anything.


The prodigal son luke 15 11 311
The Prodigal Son…Luke 15:11-31

  • 17"When he came to his senses, he said, 'How many of my father's hired men have food to spare, and here I am starving to death! 18I will set out and go back to my father and say to him: Father, I have sinned against heaven and

against you. 19I am no longer worthy to be called your son; make me like one of your hired men.' 20So he got up and went to his father.


The prodigal son luke 15 11 312
The Prodigal Son…Luke 15:11-31

  •   "But while he was still a long way off, his father saw him and was filled with compassion for him; he ran to his son, threw his arms around him and kissed him.

  • 21"The son said to him, 'Father, I have sinned against heaven and against you. I am no longer worthy to be called your son.'


The prodigal son luke 15 11 313
The Prodigal Son…Luke 15:11-31

22"But the father said to his servants, 'Quick! Bring the best robe and put it on him. Put a ring on his finger and sandals on his feet. 23Bring the fattened calf and kill it. Let's have a feast and celebrate. 24For this son of mine was dead and is alive again; he was lost and is found.' So they began to celebrate.


The prodigal son application
The Prodigal Son…Application:

Are you the prodigal son?

Have you found yourself a long way from God and now realize you are in need of a savior?

God wants to reinstate you as a son.

'The Prodigal Son‘ - Charlie Mackesy


The prodigal son luke 15 11 314
The Prodigal Son…Luke 15:11-31

The Parable of the Lost Son

11Jesus continued: "There was a man who had two sons. 12The younger one said to his father, 'Father, give me my share of the estate.' So he divided his property between them.

13"Not long after that, the younger son got together all he had, set off for a distant country and there squandered his wealth in wild living. 14After he had spent everything, there was a severe famine in that whole country, and he began to be in need. 15So he went and hired himself out to a citizen of that country, who sent him to his fields to feed pigs. 16He longed to fill his stomach with the pods that the pigs were eating, but no one gave him anything.


The context other parables in the neighborhood luke 15 3 10
The Context: Other Parables in the NeighborhoodLuke 15:3-10

  • The Parable of the Lost Sheep

  • 3Then Jesus told them this parable: 4"Suppose one of you has a hundred sheep and loses one of them. Does he not leave the ninety-nine in the open country and go after the lost sheep until he finds it? 5And when he finds it, he joyfully puts it on his shoulders 6and goes home. Then he calls his friends and neighbors together and says, 'Rejoice with me; I have found my lost sheep.' 7I tell you that in the same way there will be more rejoicing in heaven over one sinner who repents than over ninety-nine righteous persons who do not need to repent.


The context other parables in the neighborhood luke 15 3 101
The Context: Other Parables in the NeighborhoodLuke 15:3-10

The Parable of the Lost Coin

8"Or suppose a woman has ten silver coins and loses one. Does she not light a lamp, sweep the house and search carefully until she finds it? 9And when she finds it, she calls her friends and neighbors together and says, 'Rejoice with me; I have found my lost coin.' 10In the same way, I tell you, there is rejoicing in the presence of the angels of God over one sinner who repents.“


The context who is jesus speaking to luke 15 1 2
The Context: Who is Jesus Speaking to?Luke 15:1-2

  • The Parable of the Lost Sheep

  • 1Now the tax collectors and "sinners" were all gathering around to hear him. 2But the Pharisees and the teachers of the law muttered, "This man welcomes sinners and eats with them." 3Then Jesus told them this parable: 4"Suppose one of you has a hundred sheep and loses one of them. …


The older brother luke 15 11 31
The Older Brother…Luke 15:11-31

The Parable of the Lost Son

11Jesus continued: "There was a man who had two sons. 12The younger one said to his father, 'Father, give me my share of the estate.' So he divided his property between them.

13"Not long after that, the younger son got together all he had, set off for a distant country and there squandered his wealth in wild living. 14After he had spent everything, there was a severe famine in that whole country, and he began to be in need. 15So he went and hired himself out to a citizen of that country, who sent him to his fields to feed pigs. 16He longed to fill his stomach with the pods that the pigs were eating, but no one gave him anything.


The older brother luke 15 11 311
The Older Brother…Luke 15:11-31

  • 22"But the father said to his servants, 'Quick! Bring the best robe and put it on him. Put a ring on his finger and sandals on his feet. 23Bring the fattened calf and kill it. Let's have a feast and celebrate. 24For this son of mine was dead and is alive again; he was lost and is found.' So they began to celebrate.

  • 25"Meanwhile, the older son was in the field. When he came near the house, he heard music and dancing. 26So he called one of the servants and asked him what was going on. 27'Your brother has come,' he replied, 'and your father has killed the fattened calf because he has him back safe and sound.'


The older brother luke 15 11 312
The Older Brother…Luke 15:11-31

28"The older brother became angry and refused to go in. So his father went out and pleaded with him. 29But he answered his father, 'Look! All these years I've been slaving for you and never disobeyed your orders. Yet you never gave me even a young goat so I could celebrate with my friends. 30But when this son of yours who has squandered your property with prostitutes comes home, you kill the fattened calf for him!'

31" 'My son,' the father said, 'you are always with me, and everything I have is yours. 32But we had to celebrate and be glad, because this brother of yours was dead and is alive again; he was lost and is found.' "


The older brother luke 15 11 313
The Older Brother…Luke 15:11-31

28"The older brother became angry and refused to go in. So his father went out and pleaded with him. 29But he answered his father, 'Look! All these years I've been slaving for you and never disobeyed your orders. Yet you never gave me even a young goat so I could celebrate with my friends. 30But when this son of yours who has squandered your property with prostitutes comes home, you kill the fattened calf for him!'

31" 'My son,' the father said, 'you are always with me, and everything I have is yours. 32But we had to celebrate and be glad, because this brother of yours was dead and is alive again; he was lost and is found.' "


The older brother luke 15 11 314
The Older Brother…Luke 15:11-31

28"The older brother became angry and refused to go in. So his father went out and pleaded with him. 29But he answered his father, 'Look! All these years I've been slaving for you and never disobeyed your orders. Yet you never gave me even a young goat so I could celebrate with my friends. 30But when this son of yours who has squandered your property with prostitutes comes home, you kill the fattened calf for him!'

31" 'My son,' the father said, 'you are always with me, and everything I have is yours. 32But we had to celebrate and be glad, because this brother of yours was dead and is alive again; he was lost and is found.' "


The older brother luke 15 11 315
The Older Brother…Luke 15:11-31

28"The older brother became angry and refused to go in. So his father went out and pleaded with him.29But he answered his father, 'Look! All these years I've been slaving for you and never disobeyed your orders. Yet you never gave me even a young goat so I could celebrate with my friends. 30But when this son of yours who has squandered your property with prostitutes comes home, you kill the fattened calf for him!'

31" 'My son,' the father said, 'you are always with me, and everything I have is yours. 32But we had to celebrate and be glad, because this brother of yours was dead and is alive again; he was lost and is found.' "


The pharisee s problem dr timothy keller
The Pharisee’s ProblemDr. Timothy Keller

…the main barrier between Pharisees and God is “not their sins, but their damnable good works.”

…if you know you are sick – you will seek help, if you are sick and don’t know it, you wont seek help – you will just die.

Tim Keller, crediting an unnamed seminary teacherProdigal God, p 77

Prodigal God, p 66


Two sons both wrong both loved
Two Sonsboth wrong, both Loved

Younger Brother

Loved the father’s wealth – not the father

  • Older Brother

  • Loved the father’s wealth – not the father


Two sons both wrong both loved1
Two Sonsboth wrong, both Loved

Older Brother

Loved the father’s wealth – not the father

Younger Brother

Loved the father’s wealth – not the father

Driven by self-discovery


Two sons both wrong both loved2
Two Sonsboth wrong, both Loved

Older Brother

Loved the father’s wealth – not the father

Driven by moral conformity

Younger Brother

Loved the father’s wealth – not the father

Driven by self-discovery


Two sons both wrong both loved3
Two Sonsboth wrong, both Loved

Older Brother

Loved the father’s wealth – not the father

Driven by moral conformity

Younger Brother

Loved the father’s wealth – not the father

Driven by self-discovery

Puts himself in authority by blatant disobedience –


Two sons both wrong both loved4
Two Sonsboth wrong, both Loved

Older Brother

Loved the father’s wealth – not the father

Driven by moral conformity

Puts himself in authority by doing everything right – and demands a reward

Younger Brother

Loved the father’s wealth – not the father

Driven by self-discovery

Puts himself in authority by blatant disobedience –


Two sons both wrong both loved5
Two Sonsboth wrong, both Loved

Older Brother

Loved the father’s wealth – not the father

Driven by moral conformity

Puts himself in authority by doing everything right – and demands a reward

Younger Brother

Loved the father’s wealth – not the father

Driven by self-discovery

Puts himself in authority by blatant disobedience –

Self salvation – Setting his own course


Two sons both wrong both loved6
Two Sonsboth wrong, both Loved

Older Brother

Loved the father’s wealth – not the father

Driven by moral conformity

Puts himself in authority by doing everything right – and demands a reward

Self Salvation – Keeping all the moral laws and being very, very good

Younger Brother

Loved the father’s wealth – not the father

Driven by self-discovery

Puts himself in authority by blatant disobedience –

Self salvation – Setting his own course


Two sons both wrong both loved7
Two Sonsboth wrong, both Loved

Older Brother

Younger Brother

Get things by taking them himself


Two sons both wrong both loved8
Two Sonsboth wrong, both Loved

Older Brother

Seeks to get things by moral manipulation of God

Younger Brother

Get things by taking them himself


Two sons both wrong both loved9
Two Sonsboth wrong, both Loved

Older Brother

Seeks to get things by moral manipulation of God

Younger Brother

Get things by taking them himself

Avoids Jesus by denying him and define right and wrong themselves


Two sons both wrong both loved10
Two Sonsboth wrong, both Loved

Older Brother

Seeks to get things by moral manipulation of God

Avoid Jesus by trying to obligate God by his own good works

Younger Brother

Get things by taking them himself

Avoids Jesus by denying him and define right and wrong themselves


Two sons both wrong both loved11
Two Sonsboth wrong, both Loved

Older Brother

Seeks to get things by moral manipulation of God

Avoid Jesus by trying to obligate God by his own good works

Younger Brother

Get things by taking them himself

Avoids Jesus by denying him and define right and wrong themselves

Has a long list of visible sins


Two sons both wrong both loved12
Two Sonsboth wrong, both Loved

Older Brother

Seeks to get things by moral manipulation of God

Avoid Jesus by trying to obligate God by his own good works

Has no long list of sins because his sins are UNDER “righteousness”

Younger Brother

Get things by taking them himself

Avoids Jesus by denying him and define right and wrong themselves

Has a long list of visible sins


Two sons both wrong both loved13
Two Sonsboth wrong, both Loved

Older Brother

Ultimate Sin – wanting to control God – wanting to earn salvation = PRIDE

Younger Brother

Ultimate Sin – wanting to go it alone = PRIDE


Two sons both wrong both loved14
Two Sonsboth wrong, both Loved

Older Brother

Ultimate Sin – wanting to control God – wanting to earn salvation = PRIDE

Younger Brother

Ultimate Sin – wanting to go it alone = PRIDE

Shows true remorse and repents of sin, returning humbly to the father.


Two sons both wrong both loved15
Two Sonsboth wrong, both Loved

Older Brother

Ultimate Sin – wanting to control God – wanting to earn salvation = PRIDE

Shows remorse or regret piously – again to manipulate God.

Younger Brother

Ultimate Sin – wanting to go it alone = PRIDE

Shows true remorse and repents of sin, returning humbly to the father.


Two sons both wrong both loved16
Two Sonsboth wrong, both Loved

Older Brother

Ultimate Sin – wanting to control God – wanting to earn salvation = PRIDE

Shows remorse or regret piously – again to manipulate God.

Younger Brother

Ultimate Sin – wanting to go it alone = PRIDE

Shows true remorse and repents of sin, returning humbly to the father.

Eventually realizes he is lost and returns to the father


Two sons both wrong both loved17
Two Sonsboth wrong, both Loved

Older Brother

Ultimate Sin – wanting to control God – wanting to earn salvation = PRIDE

Shows remorse or regret piously – again to manipulate God.

Denies his lost-ness and may never enter into the father’s celebration

Younger Brother

Ultimate Sin – wanting to go it alone = PRIDE

Shows true remorse and repents of sin, returning humbly to the father.

Eventually realizes he is lost and returns to the father


A deeper understanding of sin dr timothy keller
A Deeper Understanding of SinDr. Timothy Keller

  • “You can avoid Jesus as Savior by keeping all the moral laws. If you do that, then you have “rights.” God owes you answered prayers, and a good life, and a ticket to heaven when you die. You don’t need a savior who pardons you by free grace, for you are your own savior.

  • The attitude is clearly that of the elder brother. Why is he so angry with the father? He feels he has the right to tell the father how the robes, rings and livestock of the family should be deployed. In the same way, religious people commonly live very moral lives, but their goal is to get leverage over God, to control Him, to put Him in a position where they think He owes them.“


A deeper understanding of sin dr timothy keller1
A Deeper Understanding of SinDr. Timothy Keller

  • “Therefore, despite all their ethical fastidiousness and piety, they are actually rebelling against his authority. If, like the elder brother, you believe that God ought to bless you and help you because you have worked so hard to obey him and be a good person, then Jesus may be your helper, your example, even your inspiration, but he is not your Savior. You are serving as your own Savior.”

Prodigal God, p 38


Two sons both wrong both loved18
Two Sonsboth wrong, both Loved

Younger Brother

LOST!!!

  • Older Brother

  • LOST!!!


Two sons both wrong both loved19
Two Sonsboth wrong, both Loved

Older Brother

LOST!!!

Younger Brother

LOST!!!

Needs Jesus!!!


Two sons both wrong both loved20
Two Sonsboth wrong, both Loved

Older Brother

LOST!!!

Really Needs Jesus!!!

Younger Brother

LOST!!!

Needs Jesus!!!


Words from a redeemed older brother philippians 3 7 11
Words from a Redeemed Older Brother…Philippians 3:7-11

  •  But whatever was to my profit I now consider loss for the sake of Christ. What is more, I consider everything a loss compared to the surpassing greatness of knowing Christ Jesus my Lord, for whose sake I have lost all things. I consider them rubbish, that I may gain Christ and be found in him, not having a righteousness of my own that comes from the law, but that which is through faith in Christ—the righteousness that comes from God and is by faith. I want to know Christ and the power of his resurrection and the fellowship of sharing in his sufferings, becoming like him in his death, and so, somehow, to attain to the resurrection from the dead.


The proper older son response luke 15 11 31
The Proper Older Son Response Luke 15:11-31

17"When he came to his senses, he said, 'How many of my father's hired men have food to spare, and here I am starving to death!18I will set out and go back to my father and say to him: Father, I have sinned against heaven and

against you. 19I am no longer worthy to be called your son; make me like one of your hired men.' 20So he got up and went to his father.


The proper older son response luke 15 11 311
The Proper Older Son Response Luke 15:11-31

  "But while he was still a long way off, his father saw him and was filled with compassion for him; he ran to his son, threw his arms around him and kissed him.

21"The son said to him, 'Father, I have sinned against heaven and against you. I am no longer worthy to be called your son.'

'The Prodigal Son‘ - Charlie Mackesy


The proper older son response luke 15 11 312
The Proper Older Son Response Luke 15:11-31

22"But the father said to his servants, 'Quick! Bring the best robe and put it on him. Put a ring on his finger and sandals on his feet. 23Bring the fattened calf and kill it. Let's have a feast and celebrate. 24For this son of mine was dead and is alive again; he was lost and is found.' So they began to celebrate.

'The Prodigal Son‘ - Charlie Mackesy


Application two testimonies
Application:Two Testimonies

Older Brother

Bart Carey

Repent of your Religion!

Younger Brother

Josh Hamilton

Repent of your Sin!

Both really need Jesus!


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