Sleep and Dreaming The first 90 minutes after you fall asleep: chapter 5 Realms of sleep Stage 1. Feel self drifting on the edge of consciousness Stage 2. Minor noises won’t disturb you Stage 3. Breathing and pulse have slowed down Stage 4. Deep sleep
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The first 90 minutes after you fall asleep:
For the rest of the night… stages appear out of order
Mental effects of missed sleep:
Mental effects of sleep:
3 groups taught a strategy for a high speed math task – then brought back 8 hours later for a test: Who found a hidden shortcut?
Sleepers did almost 3 times as well!
Note: Deep (stage 3 and 4 and REM) most important. Don’t stay up all night to study! SLEEP!!!!!!!
Your ‘dreams can come true’ in your dreams. According to Freud, by studying our dreams we can figure out what we really want.
Your dreams tell a story about the problems that are bothering you most.
Cognitive (thinking) approach
Activation-Synthesis Theory (Making Sense of Nonsense)
Which theory is right?
About 10% of adults have frequent problems getting to sleep or staying asleep
Is there a natural human desire to try to alter one’s state of consciousness?
…All cause changes in conscious experience (perception, thinking, mood, memory) or behavior through biochemical processes