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The concept of the Family Business Garden (FBG) Thilak T. Ranasinghe B.Sc. (Agric) Hon., M.Sc., Ph.D. E-Mail An Urban–Rural Agricultural Continuum in Sri Lanka In the field of Urban Agriculture (UA) The Concept of the Family Business Garden (FBG)

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the concept of the family business garden fbg

The concept of the Family Business Garden (FBG)

Thilak T. Ranasinghe

B.Sc. (Agric) Hon., M.Sc., Ph.D.


An Urban–Rural Agricultural Continuum in Sri Lanka


In the field of Urban Agriculture (UA)

The Concept of the Family Business Garden


was introduced on the

World Environment Day - 5th June 2000

in Sri Lanka

aims of the concept of the fbg
Aimsof the Concept of the FBG

To convert aspect of gardening into theoretically based sustainable agri-business concept.

To address some poverty issues in generating additionalincome for food security.

To work with better-mix of modern science and indigenous technical know-how (ITK).

To make contributions for attempts to improve socio-economic-health- environment aspects of urban communities.

To visualize adoptable production systems to new generation of agricultural producers /entrepreneurs.

expectations of the fbg
Expectations of the FBG

Scope - not only family nutrition but also additional income


Approach - a process not content, there is no fixed model, it is


System - technology development rather than technology


Means - as commercial agriculture or environment

agriculture or both

End - physical as well as mental satisfaction in agro


characters of the fbg flower brand
Characters of the FBGFlower (Brand)

Item Face ValueCore Value

1. Main Petal/ Circle & centre Nutrition centered /

receptacle good dietary habits

2. Other petals Different in size Scales of interventions

& shape could be different

3. Petal fixation Uneven distance Interests are different

from one to one

4. Petals + stalk Detached No fixed model

5. Stalk/s Dual-curved stalk Elasticity in approach

6. Why a flower Attractive & simple From Child to Elderly

& use of Creativity







Sort Patterns




Overall Strategy

of the Concept :-

Knowledge Management Process:

Family BusinessGarden[FBG]

components strategies of the fbg
Components / Strategies of the FBG

i. Family Nutritionii. Technology Adoption

iii. Crop Management

iv. Post-Harvest Technology &

Value Addition

v. Landscaping & Housekeeping



i family nutrition
i. Family Nutrition
  • Go for “ Vertical Cultivation Structures” in
  • maximizing Low/No-Spaces of homesteads
  • Select Nutritional & Favorite Crops / Livestock (Vegetables,Fruits,Flowers,Yams,Spices,Herbs) (Chicken, Quails, Turkey, Rabbit, Fish)
  • Place priority for simplicity and creativity

Low/No Space Agricultural Techniques


Cultivation Towers

Cultivation Bags

(Hanging &


Cultivation Bottles

Cultivation Racks

Cultivation Frame

Cultivation Ladder

Cultivation Net

Cultivation Umbrella

Cultivation Tat

Cultivation Arch

Cultivation Pyramid

Cultivation Fence

Cultivation Antenna


Cultivation Cage

Cultivation Tripod

Cultivation Bangle

Cultivation Canoe

Cultivation Key

Cultivation Lantern

Cultivation Holder

Portable Cultivation


Cultivation Twigs

Cultivation Envelope

Cultivation Shells



Cultivation Trolley

Edible Air-scape

Cultivation Cradle

This component helps to improve dietary habits

ii technology adoption
ii .Technology Adoption
  • Consider available Members & Money
  • Select recommended / new crops /
  • livestock / systems
  • Prepare for future market forces
  • and get ready to work in groups/networks

Bottle Irrigation

Simple Drips

Rain Water Harvesting



This component promotes diversity in creativity

iii crop management
iii . Crop Management
  • Management of Soil / Water / Pests /
  • Light or Shade / Waste
  • Recycling of plant Nutrients
  • Integrated Pest Management /
  • Integrated farming Practices

Application of

different crop and livestock



iv post harvest technology value addition
iv. Post-Harvest Technology & Value Addition
  • Concern of quality than quantity
  • Produce & product diversification to match consumer demands
  • Concentration of marketing standards /
  • regulations / Laws /Acts
v landscaping house keeping
v. Landscaping & House Keeping
  • Consider physical as well as mental health promotion along with edible Land /
  • Air-scaping & home management principles
  • Application of gender equality / women
  • issues into micro agro-entrepreneurship
  • Think of future : go for the development of
  • “Business Plans” in FBG entrepreneurship

Impact of the FBG









National Goal contributions (i.e., Urban Green Chili production) &

International participation


The Sri Lankan National Policy for Urban Agriculture after FBG initiatives

  • Statement -29 (2003)
  • Implement a special urban agriculture promotion
  • program designed to ensure supply of home
  • consumption needs and environmental protection.


  • Statement -17 (2007)
  • 17.1 Promote home-gardening and urban agriculture
  • to enhance household nutrition and income
  • 17.2 Promote women’s participation in home-gardening.
government programme for promotion of home gardening 2007 let us cultivate to uplift the nation
Government Programme for Promotion of Home Gardening - 2007(Let us Cultivate to Uplift the Nation)
  • 1. Rural & urban home-gardens
  • 2. School gardens
  • 3. Home-gardens of school children
  • 4. Gardens & model farms in office premises
  • 5.Gardens in security forces camps
  • 6. Private home-gardens of state officials
  • 7. Gardens in office premises of the private-


  • 8. Home-gardens of public representatives

How FBG is friendly with Rural Folks

  • To enjoy on water conservation adaptations so as to cultivate with intensive management under resource poor conditions
  • To cultivate in the dry season (i.e., Yala) in order to continue income generation & food security for better livelihoods
  • To escape from stray and/or wild animal damages with minimal protection measures
  • To raise the levels of fruit and vegetable cultivations among the rural populations in minimizing nutritional drawbacks
  • To reduce rural-urban migration of youth while practicing low labour agricultural production systems.

CULTIVATION STRUCTURES DEVELOPED TODATE under Low/No Space Agricultural Techniques through the Knowledge Management process of

the Concept of the FBG

Cultivation structures mainly developed for land-space utilization

1) Cultivation Tower 2) Cultivation Pyramid 3) Cultivation Frame

4) Cultivation Wall 5) Cultivation Arch 6) Cultivation Bangle

7) Cultivation Mat 8) Cultivation Umbrella 9) Cultivation Cage

10) Cultivation Consortium 11) Cultivation Envelope 12) Cultivation Spool

Cultivation structures mainly developed for building-space utilization

1) Cultivation Tat 2) Cultivation Ladder 3) Cultivation Rack

4) Cultivation Tripod 5) Cultivation Net 6) Cultivation Trolley

7) Cultivation Cradle 8) Cultivation Holder 9) Cultivation Bag (Standing)

10) Cultivation Shell 11) Cultivation Twig 12) Portable Cultivation Tower

Cultivation structures mainly developed for air-space utilization

1) Cultivation Bottle 2) Cultivation Lantern 3) Cultivation Antenna

4) Cultivation Bag (Hanging) 5) Cultivation Key 6) Cultivation String

7) Cultivation Tube 8) Cultivation Plaster 9) Edible Air-scape


Inventor & Facilitator of the Concept of the FBG

Dr. Thilak T. Ranasinghe

Consultant / Advisor

Urban Agriculture / Rural Livelihoods

[Former Director of Agriculture (Western Province, Sri Lanka) :1991-2007]

(Retired Class I Officer of the Sri Lanka Agriculture Service)

18, Senanayake Road, Issadeen Town, Matara,


Tel:- +94 774 907 047, +94 412 222 462 E-Mail:-

15th November, 2008