Introduction to The On-line Library Catalog • What is included in a catalog record? • Description • Analysis Search Choose #11:
Library Catalog (cont.) • This record shows description and analysis:
Library catalog (cont.) • How is it displayed? • MARC (MAchine Readable Cataloging format) Search, then choose #97 on p.5:
Online Catalog Record • Here is one of the resulting books: • One of the few in which the title is exactly what was entered
Library Catalog -3 • How does the online catalog know where to “look” for “Rossini”? • How does the search engine know to display ONLY titles with “rossini” and NOT authors or subject headings with “rossini”?
MARC RECORD: 100=author 245=title 260= publisher Where does this page come from?
OCLC OCLC = Online Computer Library Center Originally OCLC = Ohio College Library Center OCLC = WorldCat
LIBRARY CALL NUMBERS WHAT DOES THE CALL NUMBER MEAN?
CLASSIFICATION • “M” s are for MUSIC • M = Scores • ML = Books (Music Literature) • MT = Books (Music Theory and Instruction) • Library of Congress Call Numbers
M3s or COMPLETE WORKS Why aren’t they consistent? • M3 .B1133 (Bach) • M3 .B3 (Barbireau) • Why do the catalog records look different? • Usually it is COMPOSER OUTPUT
More on Call numbers Why are they important? *The call number isn’t random, it represents the item • M200 = 2 players • M300 = 3 players • M1500 / M1503 • M2000 / M2003 • ML410 / ML416-20
Why is searching for music different than searching for books? • What is the difference between searching for Twain’s Tom Sawyer and Beethoven’s Eroica Symphony? • Symphony has a variety of title possibilities • The Symphony title could be in any language • In music, same title used by many composers (“generic titles” like “Sonata”)
QUESTION: • How does the online catalog HANDLE all the titles that are like these (below) in the online catalog? (by various composers, in various languages, etc.) • Symphony in G • Sonata #2 • String Quartet, op.2 • Etude (etc.)
By ADDING another title (called a Uniform Title)that is “uniform” for all examples of the same work. ANSWER:
UNIFORM TITLE??? WHAT the *$^%#?& IS THAT?
HERE IS AN EXAMPLE. • Dvorak’s New World Symphony may have any one of these as its title (all in English): • Symphony op. 95 • Symphony in E minor • London Symphony • Symphony, no.9 • New World Symphony
MORE examples : • These are NOT in English: • Symphonie Nr. 9, e-moll • Aus derNeuen Welt • Symphony no. 5 [i.e. 9] in E minor : op. 95 (From the New World) • Du nouveau monde
…EXAMPLE (cont.): • The music for of these examples is THE SAME. • The title on the score or CD is DIFFERENT for each
EXAMPLE (cont.) • SO…in the online catalog, each piece has an ADDED TITLE that is the SAME (“Uniform”) for each so the user knows that all of these: • Symphony #104, by Dvorak • Symphony in D, by Dvorak • London Symphony, by Dvorak • Symphony, no.4, by Dvorak • New World Symphony by Dvorak ARE THE SAME MUSIC.
Dvorak’s New World Symphony Uniform title is: Symphonies, no. 9, op. 9, E minor (Why is it plural?)
YOU MAY ASK… BUT HOW DOES THE UNIFORM TITLE HELP ME? OR WHO CARES?
TRY IT YOURSELF • Search for music that has a GENRE title (sonata, mass, symphony) as opposed to a distinctive title (like Aida or Vier ernste Gesange) • Look at the record and find the uniform title • Search again using the uniform title information
USING the Uniform title Find ONE EXAMPLE in the online catalog for Dvorak’s New World Symphony. Note the uniform title: Personal author: Dvorak, Antonin, 1841-1904.Uniform title: Symphonies, no. 9, op. 9, E minor Title: New World Symphony
Using the U.T. for searching (cont.) Now search: op 9 no 9 dvorak with and see...
Why don’t ALL catalog records have uniform titles? • Search author = badingshenk • Look at #6, then #7 BECAUSE: • #6 has a “distinctive title,” no need for uniform title • #7 has a “generic title,” so it has a uniform title
BUT WHO CARES about a U.T.? • THE PERSON WHO WANTS TO FIND ALL POSSIBLE “HITS” FOR A SEARCH or IF FINDING ONE EXAMPLE OF SOMETHING IS DIFFICULTE
Why use the Uniformt title? • Usually for printed or recorded music, not print items. • Once you know what elements are included in a uniform title, you can find other examples of that work more easily • Find ONE example, look at the U.T., then search again.
HERE IS THE ROUTINE: • FIND ONE EXAMPLE • LOOK at the UNIFORM TITLE • USE THAT information to search again
PRACTICE THE ROUTINE • …by looking at the catalog screen you found earlier, FIND that example, LOOK at the Uniform title, SEARCH AGAIN using facts from the uniform title • Find one example • Look at the uniform title • Search again
TRY THIS: • Do a Simple Search for “Drum Roll Symphony” • Do not add a material designation • Look at one that “answers” your search question • Using the information on this bibliographic record, search again.
and NOW… • Limit your search so you find only the SCORES for this • Go to the bottom of the search screen • Set MATERIAL TYPE to Musical Scores
SUBJECT HEADINGS In the online catalog
SUBJECT HEADINGS • Subject heading is related to call number, for example, • Symphonies = M1001 • Violin music = M40- M44 • Copland, Aaron = ML410.C756
Subject headings-2 What does that mean? I don’t know! “Subject headings must be entered in an “authorized” form”
Authorized subject heading Do this search: SUBJECT: canines You get 0 hits WHY? Because the AUTHORIZED subject heading is “DOGS” not “CANINES”
IF I DON’T KNOW THIS, HOW DO I FIND WHAT I NEED? • Do a “TITLE” search for “CANINE” • Look at the subject heading • Do a BROWSE- SUBJECT SEARCH USING “DOGS” • Nearly 300 “hits”
Using SUBJECT HEADINGS • TO REVIEW: • Find one example • Look at the subject heading • Search again using that heading
Sound familiar? • It is the ADVICE as was given for searching using Uniform Titles: • Search using WHATEVER YOU KNOW • Look at the Heading (Uniform title OR subject heading) • SEARCH AGAIN using information from the heading you saw
NOW IT IS YOUR TURN • TRY IT with “vocal pedagogy” • What is the proper Subject Heading?
Three TYPES of subject headings • Form • Topical • Names
“Form” subject headings • Form (not “about” anything) • Symphonies • Dictionaries • Songs – English • Always plural • Note SUBDIVISIONS
“Topical” subject headings • Answers the question, “What is this item about?” • musical instruments -- China • musicology • african americans • Note subdivisions
“Name” Subject Headings • When an item is about a person • Used for biographical works • Added for the author of text set to music • Browning, Elizabeth Barrett, 1806-1861—Musical settings.
Trial and error is one way Try this and that until you get what you want OFTEN it works! How does one Determine the correct subject heading?
(determining subject headings) • At the very CONTROLLED extreme we have . . • LCSH (a five-volume set of all the subject headings) • Find a copy and LOOK IT UP! (Middleton Ref Desk
Subject headings • The “middle of the road respond is to use the 3-step method: 1.Find one example using keyword searching 2.Look at the subject heading 3. Search again using that heading
KEYWORD SEARCHING • Doing a Keyword Search: • Use ANY search box • Click on “Keyword” in the left box • REMEMBER: The catalog can’t correct your spelling • Won’t find hits for “saxaphone” • Can’t read your mind or “truncate” • Can’t find “dog” in “dogs” with “keyword”
BROWSE searching • On the Advanced Search page, click “Browse” in the box on the right side • This allows a left-to-right search • EXAMPLE: • Search in AUTHOR: Whites • This will retrieve the following: • Whites, Whitesboro, Whitesell, etc.