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Introduction to The On-line Library Catalog What is included in a catalog record? Description Analysis Search Choose #11: Library Catalog (cont.) This record shows description and analysis: Library catalog (cont.) How is it displayed? MARC ( MA chine R eadable C ataloging format)

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introduction to the on line library catalog
Introduction to The On-line Library Catalog
  • What is included in a catalog record?
  • Description
  • Analysis

Search

Choose #11:

library catalog cont
Library Catalog (cont.)
  • This record shows description and analysis:
library catalog cont3
Library catalog (cont.)
  • How is it displayed?
  • MARC (MAchine Readable Cataloging format)

Search, then choose #97 on p.5:

online catalog record
Online Catalog Record
  • Here is one of the resulting books:
  • One of the few in which the title is exactly what was entered
library catalog 3
Library Catalog -3
  • How does the online catalog know where to “look” for “Rossini”?
  • How does the search engine know to display ONLY titles with “rossini” and NOT authors or subject headings with “rossini”?
marc record
MARC RECORD:

100=author

245=title

260= publisher

Where does this page come from?

slide7
OCLC

OCLC = Online Computer Library Center

Originally OCLC = Ohio College Library Center

OCLC = WorldCat

library call numbers

LIBRARY CALL NUMBERS

WHAT DOES THE CALL NUMBER MEAN?

classification
CLASSIFICATION
  • “M” s are for MUSIC
    • M = Scores
    • ML = Books (Music Literature)
    • MT = Books (Music Theory and Instruction)
  • Library of Congress Call Numbers
m3s or complete works
M3s or COMPLETE WORKS

Why aren’t they consistent?

    • M3 .B1133 (Bach)
    • M3 .B3 (Barbireau)
  • Why do the catalog records look different?
    • Usually it is COMPOSER OUTPUT
more on call numbers
More on Call numbers

Why are they important?

*The call number isn’t random, it represents the item

  • M200 = 2 players
  • M300 = 3 players
  • M1500 / M1503
  • M2000 / M2003
  • ML410 / ML416-20
why is searching for music different than searching for books
Why is searching for music different than searching for books?
  • What is the difference between searching for Twain’s Tom Sawyer and Beethoven’s Eroica Symphony?
  • Symphony has a variety of title possibilities
  • The Symphony title could be in any language
  • In music, same title used by many composers (“generic titles” like “Sonata”)
question
QUESTION:
  • How does the online catalog HANDLE all the titles that are like these (below) in the online catalog? (by various composers, in various languages, etc.)
  • Symphony in G
  • Sonata #2
  • String Quartet, op.2
  • Etude (etc.)
answer
By ADDING another title (called a Uniform Title)that is “uniform” for all examples of the same work.ANSWER:
uniform title
UNIFORM TITLE???

WHAT the

*$^%#?&

IS

THAT?

here is an example
HERE IS AN EXAMPLE.
  • Dvorak’s New World Symphony may have any one of these as its title (all in English):
    • Symphony op. 95
    • Symphony in E minor
    • London Symphony
    • Symphony, no.9
    • New World Symphony
more examples
MORE examples :
  • These are NOT in English:
    • Symphonie Nr. 9, e-moll
    • Aus derNeuen Welt
    • Symphony no. 5 [i.e. 9] in E minor : op. 95 (From the New World)
    • Du nouveau monde
example cont
…EXAMPLE (cont.):
  • The music for of these examples is THE SAME.
  • The title on the score or CD is DIFFERENT for each
example cont20
EXAMPLE (cont.)
  • SO…in the online catalog, each piece has an ADDED TITLE that is the SAME (“Uniform”) for each so the user knows that all of these:
    • Symphony #104, by Dvorak
    • Symphony in D, by Dvorak
    • London Symphony, by Dvorak
    • Symphony, no.4, by Dvorak
    • New World Symphony by Dvorak

ARE THE SAME MUSIC.

dvorak s new world symphony
Dvorak’s New World Symphony

Uniform title is:

Symphonies, no. 9, op. 9, E minor

(Why is it plural?)

you may ask
YOU MAY ASK…

BUT HOW DOES THE UNIFORM TITLE HELP ME?

OR

WHO CARES?

try it yourself
TRY IT YOURSELF
  • Search for music that has a GENRE title (sonata, mass, symphony) as opposed to a distinctive title (like Aida or Vier ernste Gesange)
  • Look at the record and find the uniform title
  • Search again using the uniform title information
using the uniform title
USING the Uniform title

Find ONE EXAMPLE in the online catalog for Dvorak’s New World Symphony. Note the uniform title:

Personal author: Dvorak, Antonin, 1841-1904.Uniform title: Symphonies, no. 9, op. 9, E minor

Title: New World Symphony

using the u t for searching cont
Using the U.T. for searching (cont.)

Now search:

op 9 no 9

dvorak

with

and see...

why don t all catalog records have uniform titles
Why don’t ALL catalog records have uniform titles?
  • Search author = badingshenk
  • Look at #6, then #7

BECAUSE:

  • #6 has a “distinctive title,” no need for uniform title
  • #7 has a “generic title,” so it has a uniform title
but who cares about a u t
BUT WHO CARES about a U.T.?
  • THE PERSON WHO WANTS TO FIND ALL POSSIBLE “HITS” FOR A SEARCH or IF FINDING ONE EXAMPLE OF SOMETHING IS DIFFICULTE
why use the uniformt title
Why use the Uniformt title?
  • Usually for printed or recorded music, not print items.
    • Once you know what elements are included in a uniform title, you can find other examples of that work more easily
    • Find ONE example, look at the U.T., then search again.
here is the routine
HERE IS THE ROUTINE:
  • FIND ONE EXAMPLE
  • LOOK at the UNIFORM TITLE
  • USE THAT information to search again
practice the routine
PRACTICE THE ROUTINE
  • …by looking at the catalog screen you found earlier, FIND that example, LOOK at the Uniform title, SEARCH AGAIN using facts from the uniform title
    • Find one example
    • Look at the uniform title
    • Search again
try this
TRY THIS:
  • Do a Simple Search for “Drum Roll Symphony”
  • Do not add a material designation
  • Look at one that “answers” your search question
  • Using the information on this bibliographic record, search again.
and now
and NOW…
  • Limit your search so you find only the SCORES for this
    • Go to the bottom of the search screen
    • Set MATERIAL TYPE to Musical Scores
subject headings

SUBJECT HEADINGS

In the online catalog

subject headings35
SUBJECT HEADINGS
  • Subject heading is related to call number, for example,
    • Symphonies = M1001
    • Violin music = M40- M44
    • Copland, Aaron = ML410.C756
subject headings 2
Subject headings-2

What does that mean?

I don’t know!

“Subject

headings must be entered in an “authorized” form”

authorized subject heading
Authorized subject heading

Do this search: SUBJECT: canines

You get 0 hits WHY?

Because the AUTHORIZED subject heading is “DOGS” not “CANINES”

if i don t know this how do i find what i need
IF I DON’T KNOW THIS, HOW DO I FIND WHAT I NEED?
  • Do a “TITLE” search for “CANINE”
  • Look at the subject heading
  • Do a BROWSE- SUBJECT SEARCH USING “DOGS”
    • Nearly 300 “hits”
using subject headings
Using SUBJECT HEADINGS
  • TO REVIEW:
    • Find one example
    • Look at the subject heading
    • Search again using that heading
sound familiar
Sound familiar?
  • It is the ADVICE as was given for searching using Uniform Titles:
    • Search using WHATEVER YOU KNOW
    • Look at the Heading (Uniform title OR subject heading)
    • SEARCH AGAIN using information from the heading you saw
now it is your turn
NOW IT IS YOUR TURN
  • TRY IT with “vocal pedagogy”
  • What is the proper Subject Heading?
form subject headings
“Form” subject headings
  • Form (not “about” anything)
      • Symphonies
      • Dictionaries
      • Songs – English
    • Always plural
    • Note SUBDIVISIONS
topical subject headings
“Topical” subject headings
  • Answers the question, “What is this item about?”
    • musical instruments -- China
    • musicology
    • african americans
  • Note subdivisions
name subject headings
“Name” Subject Headings
  • When an item is about a person
  • Used for biographical works
  • Added for the author of text set to music
    • Browning, Elizabeth Barrett, 1806-1861—Musical settings.
how does one determine the correct subject heading
Trial and error is one way

Try this and that until you get what you want

OFTEN it works!

How does one Determine the correct subject heading?
determining subject headings
(determining subject headings)
  • At the very CONTROLLED extreme we have . .
  • LCSH (a five-volume set of all the subject headings)
  • Find a copy and LOOK IT UP! (Middleton Ref Desk
subject headings48
Subject headings
  • The “middle of the road respond is to use the 3-step method:

1.Find one example using keyword searching

2.Look at the subject heading

3. Search again using that heading

keyword searching
KEYWORD SEARCHING
  • Doing a Keyword Search:
    • Use ANY search box
    • Click on “Keyword” in the left box
    • REMEMBER: The catalog can’t correct your spelling
      • Won’t find hits for “saxaphone”
    • Can’t read your mind or “truncate”
      • Can’t find “dog” in “dogs” with “keyword”
browse searching
BROWSE searching
  • On the Advanced Search page, click “Browse” in the box on the right side
  • This allows a left-to-right search
    • EXAMPLE:
      • Search in AUTHOR: Whites
      • This will retrieve the following:
        • Whites, Whitesboro, Whitesell, etc.
boolean searching
BOOLEAN SEARCHING

BOOLEAN TECHNIQUES

  • Truncation
  • Operators
  • Nesting
truncation
TRUNCATION?
  • TO TRUNCATE = To shorten by or as if by cutting off
  • When you search using truncation, you CUT OFF some of the letters of a word.
  • Why would you do that?
    • TO GET MORE “HITS”
truncation use or
Truncation – use ? Or $
  • Use “?” to substitute for any letter
  • SEE MUSIC RESOURCES HOMEPAGE for tutorials
  • When searching “sonat?” you get “SONAT + one letter or zero letters
    • Sonata, sonat, sonate, etc.)
    • (single character or 0 character substitution)
truncation cont
Truncation (cont)
  • Use $ to substitute for multiple letters
  • When searching “sonat$” you would get “SONAT” + one or MORE letters:
    • Sonata, sonatas, sonatina, sonatinas, sonaten, sonate…
    • (multiple character substitution)
truncation55
Truncation
  • NOTE THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN SEARCHING these two terms:
    • Sonat?
    • Sonat$
keyword operators
Keyword Operators
  • Which is MORE inclusive, “AND” or “OR”?
  • Which would get more “hits”
    • boys AND girls
    • boys or girls ?
a diagram of search results
A Diagram of search results
  • k=boys and girls
    • The result is GREEN (orplaid)
  • k=boys or girls
    • Results are blue, green&yellow(stripe and plaid)
  • k=boys not girls
    • Results are blue & green (vertical stripes & plaid)
nesting
Nesting
  • The Online catalog allows search expressions to be grouped or nested using parentheses.
  • It searches the expression located in the innermost set of parentheses first, and then continues the search, moving outward to the terms at the edges of the expression.
nesting60
Nesting

AN EXAMPLE SEARCH:

  • (child or children) and ((toy or toys) or entertainment)
nesting61
NESTING
  • First Step, the innermost set of parentheses

(child or children) and ( (toy or toys) or entertainment)

    • toy or toys (2240 hits)
    • entertainment (2778 hits)
second step
Second step
  • Now the Catalog combines the nested search with “entertainment”:
    • ((toy or toys) or entertainment)
nesting third step
Nesting –third step
  • Now the Catalog searched (child or children)
    • CHILD or CHILDREN = 135677 hits
  • Lastly, the Catalog combines these search “pieces”:

(child or children) and((toy or toys) or entertainment) and the result is….

finally
FINALLY…

(child or children) and ((toy or toys) or (entertainment))

RESULT IS:

1476 hits

help screens

HELP SCREENS

Too much to remember, where is it written down?

how to access help
How to access HELP
  • Open the online catalog
  • Click on help
other sources of help
OTHER SOURCES OF HELP
  • Music Resources Website
    • http://www.lib.lsu.edu/music/
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