Introduction to The On-line Library Catalog YEA! • What is included in a catalog record? • Description • Analysis Search:
Library Catalog (cont.) • CHOOSE #9---
Library catalog (cont.) • How is it displayed? • MARC (Machine Readable Cataloging format) Search:
Online Catalog Record • Choose #5:
Library Catalog -3 • How does the online catalog know where to “look” for “life of Rossini”? • If the title was “ROSSINI,” how would the search engine know to display ONLY titles beginning with “rossini” and NOT authors or subject headings beginning with “rossini”?
MARC RECORD: Where does this page come from?
OCLC Closest thing the US has to a Union Catalog OCLC = Online Computer Library Center Originally OCLC = Ohio College Library Center OCLC = WorldCat
LIBRARY CALL NUMBERS WHAT DOES THE CALL NUMBER MEAN?
CLASSIFICATION • M s are for MUSIC • M = Scores • ML = Books (Music Literature) • MT = Books (Music Theory and Instruction) • Library of Congress Call Numbers
M3s or COMPLETE WORKS Why are they important? Why aren’t they consistent? • M3 B1133 (c = m3b1133) (Bach) • M 3 B3 (c = m3b3) (Barbireau)
More on Call numbers • M200 = 2 players • M300 = 3 players • M1500 / M1503 • M2000 / M2003 • ML410 / ML416-20
Composer/Author Names • Do these searches: • mussorgsky, musorgsky, mussorgski, musorgsky • mussorgsk__ • prokofief, prokofieff, prokofiev • prokofie__
Why is searching for music different than searching for books? • What is the difference between searching for Twain’s Tom Sawyer and Beethoven’s Eroica Symphony? • Symphony has a variety of title possibilities • The title could be in any language • In music, same title used by many composers (“generic titles” like “Sonata”) • (Comparable in print publications to “Book”)
QUESTION: • How does the online catalog HANDLE all the titles that are like these (below) in the online catalog? • Symphony in G • Sonata #2 • String Quartet, op.2 • Etude (etc.)
By ADDING another title (called a Uniform Title)that is “uniform” for all examples of the same work. ANSWER:
UNIFORM TITLE??? WHAT the *$^%#?& IS THAT?
HERE IS AN EXAMPLE. • Dvorak’s New World Symphony may have any one of these as its title: • Symphony #104 • Symphony in D • New World Symphony • Symphony, no.4
…EXAMPLE: • The music for of these examples is THE SAME. • The title on the score or CD is DIFFERENT for each
EXAMPLE (cont.) • SO…in the online catalog, each piece has an ADDED TITLE that is the SAME (“Uniform”) for each so the user knows that all of these: • Symphony #104, by Dvorak • Symphony in D, by Dvorak • New World Symphony, by Dvorak • Symphony, no.4, by Dvorak ARE THE SAME MUSIC.
Dvorak’s New World Symphony Uniform title is: Symphonies, no. 9, op. 9, E minor (Why is it plural?)
YOU MAY ASK… BUT HOW DOES THE UNIFORM TITLE HELP ME? OR WHO CARES?
USING the Uniform title Find ONE EXAMPLE in the online catalog for Dvorak’s New World Symphony. Note the uniform title: Personal author: Dvorak, Antonin, 1841-1904.Uniform title: Symphonies, no. 9, op. 9, E minor Title: New World Symphony
Using the U.T. for searching (cont.) Now search: op 9 no 9 dvorak with and see...
Why don’t ALL LOLA records have uniform titles? • Search a = badings henk • Look at #8, then #9 BECAUSE: • #8 has a “generic title,” it needs a uniform title (and has one) • #9 has a “unique title,” so it has no need for a uniform title
BUT WHO CARES about a U.T.? • THE PERSON WHO WANTS TO FIND ALL POSSIBLE “HITS” FOR A SEARCH. • Once you know what elements are included in a uniform title, you can find other examples of that work more easily • Find ONE example, look at the U.T., then search again.
HERE IS THE ROUTINE: • FIND ONE EXAMPLE • LOOK at the UNIFORM TITLE • USE THAT information to • SEARCH AGAIN
EXAMPLE • FIND ONE EXAMPLE • Example • You know you want a score for Schubert’s TROUT QUINTET • Do an ADVANCED SEARCH: “schubert and trout” (keyword) and “musical score” (in material type)
EXAMPLE (cont) • FIND the uniform title • The following is from the index screen, Click “details” to see the Uniform title
EXAMPLE (cont.) • “DETAIL” VIEW FROM ONLINE CATALOG, where you LOOK at the Uniform title:
Example (cont.) • AND THEN USE the information found for a new search: • AUTHOR=Schubert • TITLE=D 667 • MATERIAL TYPE=musical score
SUBJECT HEADINGS In the online catalog
SUBJECT HEADINGS • Subject heading is related to call number, for example, • Symphonies = M1001 • Violin music = M40- M44 • Copland, Aaron = ML410.C756
Subject headings-2 What does that mean? I don’t know! “Subject headings must be entered in an “authorized” form”
Authorized subject heading Do this search: SUBJECT: canines (you get 0 hits) WHY? Because the heading is “DOGS”
IF I DON’T KNOW THIS, HOW DO I FIND WHAT I NEED? • Do a WORD OR PHRASE search for “CANINE” • Look at the subject heading • SEARCH AGAIN USING “DOGS” • 1466 hits
Using SUBJECT HEADINGS • TO REVIEW: • Find one example • Look at the subject heading • Search again using that heading • (This is the same as a uniform title search: • Find one example • Look at the uniform title • Search again using information from the U.T.)
Three TYPES of subject headings • Form • Topical • Names
“Form” subject headings • Form (not “about” anything) • Symphonies • Dictionaries • Songs – English • Always plural • Note SUBDIVISIONS
“Topical” subject headings • Answers the question, “What is this item about?” • musical instruments -- China • musicology • african americans • Note subdivisions
“Name” Subject Headings • When an item is about a person • Used for biographical works • Added for the author of text set to music • Browning, Elizabeth Barrett, 1806-1861—Musical settings.
When a Subject Heading is BOTH “Form” and “Topical” • SUBJECT electronic music • SUBJECT ethnomusicology
At the “FRUSTRATION” extreme we have … Trial and error Try this and that until you get what you want OFTEN it works! Determining the correct subject heading
(determining subject headings) • At the very CONTROLLED extreme we have . . • LCSH • Find a copy and LOOK IT UP!
Subject headings • The “middle of the road” response is to use the 3-step method: 1.Find one example using keyword searching 2.Look at the subject heading 3. Search again using that heading
KEYWORD SEARCHING using the online catalog • Uses ANY search box • The catalog can’t correct your spelling • Can’t find “dog” in “dogs” with “keyword” • Can’t find “dog” in “dogs” even if you use “left to right (too many)
BOOLEAN TECHNIQUES • Truncation • Operators • Nesting
Truncation – use ? Or $ • When searching “sonat?” you get: • Sonata, sonat, sonate, etc.) • (single character or 0 character substitution) • When searching “sonat$ you would get: • Sonata, sonatas, sonatina, sonatinas, sonaten, sonate … • (multiple character substitution)
Keyword Searching OPERATORS • OPERATOR TERMS • AND, OR, NOT, XOR • POSITIONAL OPERATORS: • ADJ, SAME, NEAR, WITH