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Education Technology Train of Life --- ....TOLRailway.wav Dance --- Bob Jensen Emeritus Professor of Accounting Trinity University in San Antonio 190 Sunset Hill Road Sugar Hill, NH 03586 603-823-8482 [email protected] http://www.trinity.edu/rjensen/
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Bob JensenEmeritus Professor of AccountingTrinity University in San Antonio 190 Sunset Hill RoadSugar Hill, NH 03586
“Therein lies the real trouble. Learning is labor. We're selling the fantasy that technology can change that. It can’t. No technology ever has. Gutenberg’s press only made it easier to print books, not easier to read and understand them.”Peter Berger, "The Land of iPods and Honey," The Irascible Professor, February 26, 2007 --- at http://irascibleprofessor.com/comments-02-26-07.htm
Bob Jensen’s Education Technology Links --- http://www.trinity.edu/rjensen/000aaa/0000start.htm
Local Computer Link --- Click Here
When the University of London instituted correspondence courses in 1858, the first university to do so, its students (typically expatriates in what were then the colonies of Australia, Canada, India, New Zealand, and South Africa), discovered the programme by word of mouth and wrote the university to enroll. the university then despatched, by post-and-boat, what today we would call the course outline, a set of previous examination papers and a list of places around the world where examinations were conducted. It left any "learning" to the hapless student, who sat the examination whenever he or she felt ready: a truly "flexible" schedule! this was the first generation of distance education (Tabsall and Ryan, 1999): "independent" learning for highly motivated and resourceful autodidacts disadvantaged by distance. (Page 71) Yoni Ryan who wrote Chapter 5 ofThe Changing Faces of Virtual Education -Dr. Glen Farrell, Study Team Leader and EditorThe Commonwealth of Learning
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Web Link --- http://www.trinity.edu/rjensen/265wp.htm
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Multimedia and Other Technologies Can Give Students What They Want by Making Learning More of the Following:
What Students Want is Not Necessarily What They Need
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E-mail predates the inception of the Internet, and was in fact a crucial tool in creating the Internet. MIT first demonstrated the Compatible Time-Sharing System (CTSS) in 1961. It allowed multiple users to log into the IBM 7094 from remote dial-up terminals, and to store files online on disk. This new ability encouraged users to share information in new ways. E-mail started in 1965 as a way for multiple users of a time-sharing mainframe computer to communicate. Although the exact history is murky, among the first systems to have such a facility were SDC's Q32 and MIT's CTSS.
Adobe Acrobat allowed word processing files to be downloaded with ability to read and search PDF files for free.
Acrobat PDF files can have different levels of security including security that prevents simple cut and paste copying of copyrighted material. Book publishers at last started putting new titles online.
LARSON: You can't get further from MIT than Singapore. Singapore from here is this way [points straight down]. We use Internet2 for connectivity. There's no statistical difference in performance between distance learners and classroom learners. And when there is a difference, it favors the distance learners"Lessons e-Learned Q&A with Richard Larson from MIT," Technology Review, July 31, 2001 --- http://www.techreview.com/web/leo/leo073101.asp
Bob Jensen's Threads on Cross-Border (Transnational) Training and Education(Includes helpers for finding online training and education courses, certificate programs, and degree Programs) http://www.trinity.edu/rjensen/crossborder.htm
Local Computer Link --- Click Here
Explosive Growth in Online Enrollments --- http://www.trinity.edu/rjensen/Crossborder.htm#OnineGrowthRates.htm
Ms. Salin is part of a new wave of outsourcing to India: the tutoring of American students. Twice a week for a month now, Ms. Salin, who grew up speaking the Indian language Malayalam at home, has been tutoring Daniela in English grammar, comprehension and writing. Using a simulated whiteboard on their computers, connected by the Internet, and a copy of Daniela's textbook in front of her, she guides the teenager through the intricacies of nouns, adjectives and verbs. Saritha Rai, "A Tutor Half a World Away, but as Close as a Keyboard," The New York Times, September 7, 2005
The Chalkboard: A tribute to a long-standing but fading teaching and learning tool
From the Museum of History and Science at Oxford University: Bye Bye Blackboard: From Einstein and others --- http://www.mhs.ox.ac.uk/blackboard/
In fact, many economics researchers, including Bloomfield, professor of accounting at Cornell's Johnson Graduate School of Management, are using the virtual environment to test ideas involving staples of economics such as game theory, the effects of regulation, and issues involving money. Since 1989, Bloomfield has been running experiments in the lab in which he creates small game economies to study narrow issues. But when the Financial Accounting Standards Board recently approached Bloomfield about studying how to create financial accounting standards that will assist investors as much as possible, he quickly turned to the virtual world for answers.
"It would be very difficult to look at the complex issues that FASB is trying to address with eight people in a laboratory playing a very simple economic game," he says. "I started looking for how I could create a more realistic economy with more players dealing with a high degree of complexity. It didn't take me long to realize that people in virtual worlds are already doing just that."
At Indiana University, researcher Edward Castronova has posed the idea of creating multiple virtual economies to study the effects of different regulatory policies. At Indiana, Castronova is director of the Synthethic Worlds Initiative, a research center to study virtual worlds. "The opportunity is to conduct controlled research experiments at the level of all society, something social scientists have never been able to do before," the center's Web site notes (see BusinessWeek.com, 5/1/06, "Virtual World, Virtual Economies").
Preparation for Lifelong LearningIt’s becoming more common for a university to either require or strongly suggest that its students take online courses as a way to prepare them for lifelong learning and job training which are both becoming increasingly online.
"I learned much more than I ever had due to the high interaction between student/student and student/teacher." Survey results revealed 51% of the students reported an increase in communication with the instructor and 43% with other students. Approximately 40% of the students reported an increase in the quality of their interaction with the instructor. One professor wrote, "I believe the quality of my interactions with students was the highest I have ever experienced." Students liked "asking questions that couldn't be asked in class," "better understanding different points of view," "the ease in getting in touch with the professor," and "talking more to my peers."
"Information when you want/need it." Students liked having "personal control of information" and "quick-response times from peers and students." They found that "on-line testing was easy and convenient," "study material was easy to access," "material was never lost...and always available," the Web served "as a great supplement to lectures," and they could "pay more attention in class and worry less about taking notes."
"It added flavor to course, broadened it beyond just the classroom."Students commented that ALN "was a new and exciting way to learn" that "added depth" to the class. It also enabled them "to be more prepared for class," gave them "a lot of time to learn out of class," and allowed them "to work at own pace." Some students believed the "on-line homework was a great experience" and that on-line quizzes were "a good way to study for exams." Survey results indicated approximately 70% of the students would like to take another course using computer conferencing. About 75% of the responding students rated their overall experience with computer conferencing good, very good, or excellent. Approximately 60% of the students reported an increase in the amount of their learning due to the use of computer conferencing.
"Increased my knowledge and confidence with computers."Approximately 70% of the students indicated on the survey an increase in their familiarity with computers. Students reported "feeling less apprehensive about using computers" and thought that their ALN course provided "a good opportunity to learn more about computers."
More students are taking online college courses than ever before, yet the majority of faculty still aren’t warming up to the concept of e-learning, according to a national survey from the country’s largest association of organizations and institutions focused on online education . . . ‘We didn’t become faculty to sit in front of a computer screen,’ Elia Powers, "Growing Popularity of E-Learning, Inside Higher Ed, November 10, 2006 --- http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2006/11/10/online
The resultant maelstrom of technological products and processes is beginning to look like a runaway locomotive, or worse—more like a whole horde of runaway locomotives hurtling ahead along multidirectional, multidimensional, ever-changing networks of tangled tracks. Now and again one runs out of fuel, but by then a host of newcomers has already begun to roll. And most of us, both individually and organizationally, as well as the media, seem so caught up in this technological tsunami that we mentally push aside any small prodromes of impending, down-the-road dangers "Who’s in Control Here?" by Harold J. Leavitt, Stanford Graduate School of Business, November, 2002
Spending time on the Internet can have a negative effect on personal life such as reducing time spent socializing with friends says political scientist Norman Nie.
"Journal Explores Life in the Electronic Age," by Norman Nie, Stanford Graduate School of Business