History of Technology Education By the end of the session the student should be able to: • Describe the type of education used to learn practical topics like agriculture, carpentry, plumbing, bricklaying and the contributions of Comenius and Pestalosi • Give details of what happened in 1876 that changed technical education delivery • Recognize the contributions of Della Voss, Runkle, and Woodward in establishing Manual Training.
John Amos Comenius (1592-1670) • Czechoslovakian • Father of modern Pedagogy • Advocated method of the arts-teach practical subjects • Simple to complex • Acquaintence with actual objects
Johann Pestalozzi (1746-1827) • Swiss • Father of Manual Training • Education of poor children • Used object to teach traditional subjects • Agriculture and manual skills • Move from Concrete to Abstract • From words to things or things to words
Frederick Frobel (1782-1852) • German- coworker of Pestalozzi • First Kindergarten in 1837 • Learning must being with doing • Discover, arrange invent, control (blocks, clay, paper, balls)
Sloyd Movement • From Finland and Sweden (Cygnaeus 1810-1888 and Solomon (1849-1907) • Emphasis on handiwork and craft as a school subject • Making useful objects, analysis of processes
Manual Training School Manual training school St. Louis. www.woodworkinghistory.com/glossary_L.htm
In 1909, Muskogeeans voted for a bond issue to build a high school for African American students. Construction began that year, and the first class entered its halls in 1910. Its first graduation was held in 1912. This new school would follow an educational movement that had been growing in popularity during the previous decades. It was known as the manual training method, and the high school was given the name Manual Training High School. Manual training was a system of education sweeping across America and modeled after schools in Europe. It placed an emphasis on teaching not only the fundamentals of science, mathematics, language, literature, and history, but also on drafting, mechanics and the use of basic tools. The purpose was not to provide training for specific jobs, but to give students an understanding of basic mechanical principles that would prepare them for a wide range of jobs in the growing industrial sector. It was seen as the logical progression away from the apprenticeship system that had previously prepared young people for the work force.
John Daniel RunkleBorn: Root, New York on October 11, 1822; Died on July 8, 1902; Farm boy attended private school at age 16;; Acting President of MIT from 1868-1870; President of MIT 1870-1878;; Witnessed the Russian system of manual training at the 1876 Centennial Exposition in Phildelphia and returned to MIT and recommended its adoption. http://atmae.org/foundation/history1.html
Columbia University Teachers College faculty members Bonser and Mossman (1923) used the term "manual training" to identify the prevailing interpretation of industrial education in the 1920s. In Industrial Arts for Elementary Schools they listed "these prominent inadequacies in manual training:" Foster.
Charles • Richards Fredrick Bonser -
Despite the fact that Bonser and Mossman co-authored Industrial Arts for Elementary Schools--probably the most famous book in the history of industrial arts and technology education--Bonser is often referred to as the book's sole author. But Before he met Mossman, Bonser had done no work in the field of industrial arts. Yet he is remembered as the man who founded the industrial arts movement. • Louis Coffey Mossman and Frederick Bonser Bonser and Coffey at Macomb, 1906-1910 Need to design own projects (shirts, shelter, drew houses Integration of school subjects. Industrial arts is a study of the changes made by man in the forms of materials to increase their values, and of the problems of life related to these changes (Bonser & Mossman, 1923, p. 5).
Apprenticeship St. Louis Manual Training Woodward Russian System Vocational training MIT- Runkle Sloyd Manual Arts Industrial Arts 1876 Centennial Exhibition Philly Arts and Crafts Movement 1890 Dewey Progressive Education http://atmae.org/foundation/history1.html
Industrial arts/ Technology Education 1980 Study of Technology William Warner Delmar Olson 1947 Technology Education World of Manufacturing World of Construction Ohio State Maryland Plan- Maley Devore- Technology as discipline Move from Progressive to conservative (sputnik) http://atmae.org/foundation/history1.html