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Chinese Historical Survey: From the Yellow Emperor to Hu Jintao Mythological Culture Heroes Fuxi and Nugua: half animal, half human Shen Nong: The Divine Farmer The Yellow Emperor Xi Ling: The discover of silk and inventor of weaving Emperor Yao Emperor Shun Emperor Yu Fuxi and Nuwa

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chinese historical survey

Chinese Historical Survey:

From the Yellow Emperor to Hu Jintao

mythological culture heroes
Mythological Culture Heroes
  • Fuxi and Nugua: half animal, half human
  • Shen Nong: The Divine Farmer
  • The Yellow Emperor
  • Xi Ling: The discover of silk and inventor of weaving
  • Emperor Yao
  • Emperor Shun
  • Emperor Yu
pangu
Pangu
  • …and from his bones the mountains were made, and from his blood the rivers and seas evolved, and from his hairs, the trees and plants were created..
  • And human beings?
    • …they evolved from his body lice and fleas
the xia dynasty myth or reality
The Xia dynasty: myth or reality?
  • The Chinese claim that Yu’s son is the first emperor of the first dynasty
  • No written records have been found
  • No archeological sites definitely attributed to this dynasty
  • But prehistoric cultures existed throughout China
  • Was one of them Xia?
the mandate of heaven
The Mandate of Heaven

The Mandate of Heaven,

How beautiful and unceasing!

Oh, how glorious

Was the purity of King Wen's virtue!

With blessings he overwhelms us.

We will receive the blessings.

They are a great favor from our King Wen.

May his descendants hold fast to them

division of eastern zhou
Division of Eastern Zhou
  • Spring and Autumn Period
    • Weak government
    • Relative peace
    • 200 feudal states
  • Warring States Period
    • Almost non-existent government
    • Anarchy and total warfare
    • 7 major states
qin the unifier
Qin the Unifier
  • Standardized writing
  • Standardized weights and measures
  • Standardized axle widths
  • Abolished feudalism and class separation by birth
  • Created private property of land and government taxation of land
  • Set up centralized governmental structures
han dynasty a class struggle between feudal and centralized government
Han Dynasty: a class struggle between feudal and centralized government
  • Xiang Yu
  • Liu Bang
achievements of han
Achievements of Han
  • Establishment of Exam system for selecting civil servants
  • Creating silk road trade with Rome and expanding empire
  • Adopting Confucianism as state ideology
  • State school system
  • Invention of Paper
changes in era of division
Changes in Era of Division

Integration of the South as central to the Chinese state

Introduction of Buddhism

Development of Religious Daoism

Intermarriage with non-Chinese

Development of art and literature

sui dynasty 581 618
Sui dynasty: 581:618
  • The Reunification of China