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The United Nations How the World Works Together The U.N. Brings Nations and People Together to talk over the issues to negotiate and agree on principles to move forward to create the process for working together to bring together resources to accomplish goals In the beginning - 1945

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the united nations

TheUnited Nations

How the World Works

Together

the u n brings nations and people together
The U.N. Brings Nations and People Together
  • to talk over the issues
  • to negotiate and agree on principles
  • to move forward
    • to create the process for working together
    • to bring together resources
    • to accomplish goals
in the beginning 1945
In the beginning - 1945

The treaty to create the U.N. is the

United Nations Charter

Signed originally

by 51 Nations

Now there are

192 Member States

general assembly

General Assembly

(every Nation has one vote)

The Legislature of Nations

slide5

Security Council

  • War and Peace Issues
  • (15 members; 5 permanent; 10 elected by General Assembly on regional basis for 2-year terms)
slide6

Economic and Social Council

  • Social and Economic Issues
  • (54 Members elected by General Assembly for 3-year terms)
slide7

Court of Justice

  • World Court for Nations
  • (15 judges elected by the General Assembly for 9 years)
slide8

International Criminal Court

  • Treaty finalized in 1998, into force in 2002
  • Independent Court
  • for Crimes Against Humanity
  • (18 judges elected by States who signed the Treaty)
  • (104 State Parties)
slide9

Secretariat

  • Administrator for Activities

(5-year term, selected by Security Council; ratified by General Assembly)

Kofi Annan

Ban Ki-moon

the basic structure
The Basic Structure
  • The General Assembly
  • The Security Council
  • The Economic and Social Council
  • The Secretariat
  • The International Court of Justice
  • The International Criminal Court
slide11

The Purpose

  • Maintain international peace and security
  • Develop friendly relations among nations
  • Promote cooperation to solve problems
  • Serve as a center for harmonizing and working on common ends
the process
The Process
  • Define an issue or concern in the General Assembly
  • Hold a Conference for Nations to meet & discuss the issue
  • Conference develops a statement, or an action plan or a treaty
examples
Examples
  • Universal Declaration of Human Rights
  • Geneva Accords on Torture
  • Conferences and Treaties on
    • Human Rights
    • Refugees
    • Terrorism
    • Environment
    • Disarmament
    • Organized Crime
1982 world assembly on aging
1982World Assembly on Aging

International Plan of Action on Aging

slide15
International Plan of Action on Ageing

62 Recommendations for Action

Research

Data collection

Analysis

Training and Education

Areas of Concern

Health and Nutrition

Protection of Elderly Consumers

Housing and Environment

Family

Social Welfare

Income Security and Employment

Education

http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/ageing/ageipaa.htm

1991 u n principles for older persons 18 principles
1991U.N. Principles for Older Persons18 Principles

Independence

Participation

Care

Self-Fulfillment

http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/iyop/iyoppop.htm

1999 international year of older persons towards a society of all ages
1999International Year of Older PersonsTowards a Society of All Ages

Member States

UN System

Intergovernmental Organizations

Non-governmental Organizations

Private Sector

1999 international year of older persons continued
1999International Year of Older Persons(Continued)

Awareness

Formulate Policies and Programs

Establish National Focal Point

http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/iyop/index.html

U.S.

Administration on Aging

In Department of Health and Human Services

http://www.aoa.gov/

2002 second world assembly on aging madrid spain
2002Second World Assembly on AgingMadrid, Spain

Reviewed Outcomes and Progress

Developed Long-term Strategy

Also

NGO Statement

http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/ageing/waa/index.html

process results
Process Results

Platform for Action

UN Principles for Older Persons

Mechanism within UN for Programs

Events to Create Awareness

Other Possibilities for Results

Treaty

Convention

Protocol

slide21

How the World Works Together

  • Recognize a Problem
  • Meet to Bring Together

Best World Thinking on the Issue

  • Agree on at Least the

Lowest Common Denominator

  • May Not Solve Problem

But We Move Forward

slide22

The United Nations

How the World Works Together

united nations
United Nations

Iowa United Nations Association

20 East Market Street

Iowa City, Iowa 52245

319-337-7290

unaiowa@unaiowa.org