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Language Network. Using Phrases. Prepositional Phrase. Using Phrases. Here’s the Idea As Adjective As Adverb. Why It Matters. Practice and Apply. Here’s the Idea. Phrase. A phrase is a group of related words that acts as a single part of speech. Here’s the Idea.

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Language Network

Using Phrases


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Prepositional Phrase

Using Phrases

Here’s the Idea

As Adjective

As Adverb

Why It Matters

Practice and Apply


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Here’s the Idea

Phrase

A phrase is a group of related words that acts as a single part of speech.


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Here’s the Idea

Prepositional Phrase

A prepositional phrase consists of a preposition, its object, and any modifiers of the object. It can function as an adverb or an adjective.


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Here’s the Idea

By placing phrases properly,

you can make your writing

clear and descriptive.


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Here’s the Idea

An adjectivephrase modifies a noun or a pronoun.


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NOUN

PRONOUN

Here’s the Idea

What does each adjective phrase modify?

The dance club on Main Street holds a contest every weekend.

Some of the competitors dance professionally.


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Here’s the Idea

An adverbphrase modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.


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ADJECTIVE

VERB

Here’s the Idea

What does each adverb phrase modify?

The city diving finals are the most difficult of all competitions.

The graceful champion dives into the pool.


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Why It Matters

The placement of a prepositional phrase can affect the meaning of a sentence.

As you write, make sure that prepositional phrases appear to modify the words you want them to modify.


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Why It Matters

How does the placement of the highlighted prepositional phrase affect the meaning of this sentence?

At the dog show the woman waits beside her dog in the purple dress.


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Why It Matters

How could the position of the prepositional phrase be changed to make the meaning clear?

At the dog show the woman in the purple dress waits beside her dog.


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1.

A news conference occurred on January 13, 1999.

Practice and Apply

Identify the prepositional phrase, along with the word it modifies.


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2.

Michael Jordan said he was retiring from the Chicago Bulls.

Practice and Apply

Identify the prepositional phrase, along with the word it modifies.


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3.

The reporter asked Jordan about his future plans.

Practice and Apply

Identify the prepositional phrase, along with the word it modifies.


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4.

Sheila told us about the winning basket she made at dinner.

Practice and Apply

Rewrite the sentence, changing the position of a prepositional phrase so that the meaning is clear.


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5.

The player scored six points with the knee brace.

Practice and Apply

Rewrite the sentence, changing the position of a prepositional phrase so that the meaning is clear.


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Participial Phrase

Using Phrases

Here’s the Idea

Why It Matters

Practice and Apply


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Here’s the Idea

Participle

A participle is a verb form that acts as an adjective. It modifies a noun or a pronoun.


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NOUN

Here’s the Idea

Exhausted, Monique finished her workout.


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Here’s the Idea

There are two kinds of participles.

past participle

He fell to the ground, exhausted.

present participle

Stumbling, the player dropped the ball.


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Here’s the Idea

Participial Phrase

A participial phrase consists of a participle plus its modifiers and complements.


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Here’s the Idea

Participial phrases can be used to add details to descriptions.

The ball dropped by Martin went out of bounds.


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Why It Matters

Pay attention to the placement of participial phrases in your writing. A phrase in the wrong place is known as a misplaced modifieror dangling participle.


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STUDENT MODEL

DRAFT

Gasping for breath, the crowd watched the runner. The runner broke the ribbon.

Why It Matters

A misplaced participialphrase, often called a misplaced modifier, modifies a word other than the one it is intended to modify.


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STUDENT MODEL

DRAFT

Gasping for breath, the crowd watched the runner. The runner broke the ribbon.

Why It Matters

Who is gasping for breath?


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STUDENT MODEL

STUDENT MODEL

REVISION

DRAFT

The crowd watched the runner. Gasping for breath, the runner broke the ribbon.

Gasping for breath, the crowd watched the runner. The runner broke the ribbon.

Why It Matters


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STUDENT MODEL

DRAFT

Coming home with the trophy, our parrot said, “Hello!”

Why It Matters

A dangling participialphrase does not logically modify any of the words in the sentence in which it appears.


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STUDENT MODEL

DRAFT

Coming home with the trophy, our parrot said, “Hello!”

Why It Matters

The parrot won the trophy?


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STUDENT MODEL

STUDENT MODEL

DRAFT

REVISION

Coming home with the trophy, our parrot said, “Hello!”

Coming home with the trophy, we heard our parrot say, “Hello!”

Why It Matters


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6.

The blooming honeysuckle attracts bees.

Practice and Apply

Identify the participle and the word it modifies.


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7.

Animals living in Antarctica make their homes along the coast.

Practice and Apply

Identify the participial phrase and the word it modifies.


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8.

An enormous icicle broken into several pieces lay on the sidewalk.

Practice and Apply

Identify the participial phrase and the word it modifies.


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9.

Mary Pickford played the heroine in many films known as “America’s Sweetheart.”

Practice and Apply

Rewrite the sentence to eliminate the dangling or misplaced participial phrase.


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10.

The Marshalls found their yard full of weeds returning from their trip.

Practice and Apply

Rewrite the sentence to eliminate the dangling or misplaced participial phrase.


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