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TRIATHLON CANADA / TriNB. LEVEL 2 OFFICIALS PROGRAM. OPERATIONS. Introduction pg 4 Sanctioning Process pg 5 TD Responsibilities pg 6 Guidelines pg 7 Swim pg 8-9 Bike pg 10 Run pg 11. Operations. Transition pg 12 Finish Line pg 13 Communications pg 14

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triathlon canada trinb




  • Introduction pg 4
  • Sanctioning Process pg 5
  • TD Responsibilities pg 6
  • Guidelines pg 7
  • Swim pg 8-9
  • Bike pg 10
  • Run pg 11
  • Transition pg 12
  • Finish Line pg 13
  • Communications pg 14
  • Aid Stations pg 15
  • Reports
  • Case Studies
  • Thank you on behalf of all triathletes for undertaking the role of official.
  • Level 2 Officials are qualified to:
    • Teach Level 1 clinics
    • Act as a race director, technical delegate or head referee
  • Goals of the Course
    • Learn operational procedures
  • All clinic participants should receive
    • Course notes - Level 2 Card
    • Competition Rules - Practical Checklist
    • Operations manual
sanctioning process
Sanctioning Process
  • The Sanctioning Process
    • Head of the LOC applies to PGB
    • Sanctioning form is completed
    • PGB assigns a TD
    • TD reviews the sanctioning form and contacts the RD
    • The TD assigns a HR and CJ
    • The TD provides pre and post event reports to the PGB
  • The Sanctioning Process Provides:
    • An insured event
    • A process to ensure a safe and fair event
    • A checks and measures system to assist the RD in avoiding oversights
td responsibilities
TD Responsibilities
  • With Sanctioning
    • Review sanctioning form and compliance
    • Approves course and event action plan
    • Appoints HR and CJ
  • With Head Referee
    • Assist in officials meetings / clinics
    • Assist in ruling on reported violations
    • Assist in pre-event planning
  • With Race Director
    • Act as advisor and consultant
    • Liaison to PGB
general guidelines
General Guidelines
  • Age categories must comply with TC / ITU standards
  • Prizes and awards must be of equal distribution
  • Pre-race meetings must be set to coordinate and direct the actions of the race officials / marshals
  • The TD oversees the entire event
  • The HR is appointed to make decisions on reported rule violations
  • The CJ passes judgment on appeals on rulings passed by the head referee and protests.
  • General Guidelines:
    • Equal start position
    • Lead boat used??
    • Swim start minimum 30 m wide
    • Maximum 150 competitors per heat
    • Legs and arms marked with race numbers
swim con t
Swim Con’t
  • Swim caps worn and numbered on both sides
  • Each boat equipped with communication to shore
  • Minimum 4 boats with a plan in place
  • 1 lifeguard to 50 competitors
  • 1st turn – 400m, 2nd turn 100m
  • No turns more than 90 degrees
  • Water quality within specifications
  • General Guidelines
    • Wetsuit rule abided by
    • Water temperature taken 24 hours and 1 hour prior to race.
    • Turns buoys 2.5 m high.
swim con t11
Swim Con’t
  • Intermittent buoys every 100m
  • Turn buoys must be monitored
  • Laser measurement method employed.
  • No slalom courses. Buoys are left or right only
  • General Guidelines
    • No crossovers
    • Out and back courses separated
    • Smooth surface
    • Local police notified. Permits granted
    • Distance markers every 5km
bike con t
Bike Con’t
  • On sharp turns and dangerous objects, straw bales or other safety devices will be utilized
  • Police or race marshals at every intersection
  • Railroad tracks covered with thick rubber matting
  • All corners swept of debris
  • Cycle course will not overlap the run course
  • General Guidelines
    • No crossovers between bike and run course
    • Distance markers every 1km
    • A lead vehicle used
    • Police or trained marshals at all intersections
    • Clearly marked
    • Aid stations maximum 2km apart
    • Fencing leading to finish area
run course con t
Run Course Con’t
  • Provide Maps
  • General Guidelines:
    • The surface must be hard, flat and smooth
    • The area must be secure
    • Lanes within transition must be at least 3m
    • The cycle and run portions will not cross
transition con t
Transition Con’t
  • The design of transition area will ensure that all athletes run equal distance
  • The bike mount and dismount line will be clearly marked
finish line
  • General Guidelines
    • The finish must be completely secured with a solid fence and security personal
    • Authorized personal only in this area (keep out of the way!)
finish con t
Finish Con’t
  • Finish line gantry ideally at least 2.5 m high
  • A white finish line at least 50mm in width.
  • Tents for the following:
    • Results, timing communication
    • Officials
    • Announcing
    • Post race fluid / food
    • Massage
  • General Guidelines
    • Race headquarters must be linked to all aspects of the race
    • Race headquarters will be located near the medical headquarters within the finish line area.
    • The race headquarters will include:
      • Race committee • officials
      • Security • course maps and relevant details
      • medical
  • Pre-event Report
    • Completed by the race director with assistance of TD for the TD and PGB.
  • Violation Report
    • Completed by the HR for the TD
  • Post Event Report
    • Completed by the TD
    • Includes feedback on event and DQ’s
aid stations
  • General Guidelines
    • Supplies
      • Water, ice, cups, fruit, replacement fluids
    • Locations
      • Swim finish near transition 1
      • On bike – every 15km, or 10km for long event
      • Transition 2, near run exit
      • Run – every 2 km
      • Finish Line area
      • Post Race Area
other tasks of the td hr
Other Tasks of the TD & HR
  • Pre-race Briefing
    • Ideally held the day before the event so athletes can prepare for event and changes
  • Briefing will include:
    • Drafting rules - Helmet regulations
    • Location of medical - Wave starts
    • Course description - known hazards
    • Dope testing - rule changes
    • Wetsuit status - weather forecast
    • Time & place for CJ - Names on CJ
    • Protest procedure - Awards info
other tasks of the td hr24
Other Tasks of the TD & HR
  • Review sanctioning requirements with RD and LOC
  • Race Brochures –
    • Be sure all information required is on forms
  • Timing
    • Ensure accurate timing system with redundancies.
  • Paperwork
    • Have paper forms printed and ready in advance for reporting
  • Schedule the minutes
other tasks of the td hr25
Other Tasks of the TD & HR
  • Do site checks and double checks
  • Assess hazards and review contingency plans
  • Meet with race committees
  • Make officiating plan, meet with officials
  • Meet with Motorcyclists to discuss expectations
  • Do not allow race to start without your OK. Pull sanctioning and insurance from events who will not comply.
other tasks of the td hr26
Other Tasks of the TD & HR
  • Wave Starts –
    • Work with LOC on modifying wave starts for fairness and safety.
    • Max. 75 in elite and 150 in age group.
    • Consider swimming abilities, spacing between heats, distance covered and implications over the rest of the course.
    • There must be a separate race for each distinct category.
case study
Case Study
  • There are 200 athletes registered for the Canadian Shield Triathlon including a Sprint (750/20/5) and Olympic (1500/40/10) distance event.
  • The Race director would like to race all the women in one heat and the men in the next heat 5 minutes later.
  • The swim course is a 750m loop.
  • The cycle course is out and back and has a 10km turn around for Sprint and a 20km turn around for Olympic athletes.
  • The Run Course is a 5km loop course.
  • As TD how will you manage wave starts?
race start
  • The TD must provide clear instructions to the starter
  • The announcer and starter will not provide a countdown within five minutes of the start.
  • At approximately 1 minute before the start the announcer will inform “the start of the competition is in the hands of the starter who will discharge the starting sound.
  • A warm-up area separate from the swim course is recommended.
competition jury
  • Competition Jury:
    • Technical Delegate
    • A representative of the host society
    • A member of the governing body providing sanctioning Executive Board or Council member.
  • Protest Jurisdiction:
    • A competitor may file a protest with the head referee provided the action has not already been ruled on.
    • A protest may not be made on a judgment call
    • There are time restrictions on protests.
  • Protests concerning the course:
    • In writing 24 hrs prior to the start of the race
    • If a course does not meet the requirements of the operational manual
  • Protest Concerning Eligibility
    • In writing to the HR prior to race start
    • Competitor may compete with decision being made prior to results announced
  • Protests During the Race
    • A competitor who protests against another competitor or official must do so in writing within 15 minutes of their finish.
  • Protests Concerning Timekeeping
    • Protest must be delivered within 30 minutes after unofficial results have been posted.
  • Protests Concerning Equipment
    • A competitor who protests against another competitor’s equipment must do so in writing within 15 minutes of their finish.
  • Consideration of Protests:
    • A protest will not be considered unless:
      • Submitted to HR in allotted time
      • Protest accompanied by $50.00
      • Protest submitted on Protest Form
    • A Protest Form must contain:
      • Name, address, telephone # of protester
      • Alleged rule or procedure violation
      • Location and approximate time
      • Person(s) involved in infraction
      • Statement diagram of the alleged violation
      • Name one or more witnesses
  • Protest Hearing Procedure:
    • The protest is to be submitted in writing with the protest fee to the head referee within the time limit.
    • Copies of protests are to be made available to the competitor(s) or official(s) named in the protest prior to a hearing
    • Protester and accused (or federation representative) should be present or TD may decide to postpone or cancel hearing. The Competition Jury may make decision without them.
    • The hearing is not open to the public
    • The Competition Jury Chairperson (usually TD) will read the protest.
  • Protest Hearing Procedure con’t:
    • The protester and accused will be given adequate time to give their account of the incident
    • Witnesses (max 2) may speak for 3 minutes each
    • The Competition Jury will hear evidence and render a decision by simple majority.
    • The decision is delivered in writing to the parties and posted immediately
    • If upheld the $50 fee is returned to the athlete.
  • Consideration of Appeals
    • The Appeal Form must contain:
      • Name, address, telephone # of APPLICANT
      • Alleged rule or procedure violation
      • Location and approximate time
      • Person(s) involved in infraction
      • Statement diagram of the alleged violation
      • Name one or more witnesses
      • Rational for and summary of the appeal
  • Consideration of an Appeal:
    • Appeal hearing procedures are the same as those used for protests.
  • Post Decision procedures:
    • The TD must endorse protest and appeal decisions and forward the report and fees (if any) to the sanctioning body.
protests and appeals
Protests and Appeals
  • The HR and TD will have copies of the official Protest and Appeal forms on hand.
  • Decisions of the CJ may be appealed to Governing Body Executive Board, AGM, or Alternate Dispute Resolution for Sport (ADRSportRED).
case study38
Case Study
  • Provincial Team Qualifier
  • The end of the handlebars on the 1st place finisher’s bike were not plugged during the event.
  • The 2nd and 3rd place finishers filed a joint protest of illegal equipment against the first place finisher.
  • She was not aware of the rule prior to the pre-race briefing held 5 minutes before the race. She approached a transition marshal who told her not to worry about it.
case study39
Case Study
  • Kids of Steel race
  • Points towards provincial title on the line
  • A father coach protests against his sons loss to two individuals who allegedly did not swim the entire swim course. He has two witnesses including one lifeguard
  • The water was cold and deep (neck height)
  • The protesters son started the run in the lead but walked over half the course.
case study40
Case Study
  • An athlete protests against the course conditions after his foot was caught between two rocks at the swim start causing irritating abrasions and not allowing him to complete the run.
  • He was favored to win the event and clinch a provincial team spot.