Navy Mission Essential Task Lists (NMETLs) and METOC MEASURES 3 May 2007 Mr. David Brown FFC N721B
AGENDA • Background • Concept • Tasks, Conditions, and Standards • Measures • Metrics
UNTL BACKGROUND • 1995 - CNO (and other Service Chiefs) decision to participate, with Joint Staff, in METLs development • Designated NDC (NWDC) as Executive Agent • 1997 - Universal Naval Task List 1.0 published • as Navy/Marine Corps/Coast Guard instruction • 2002 – UNTL 2.0 and CFFC becomes Exec for NMETLs across FFC Claimancy • 30 Jan 2007 UNTL 3.0 – DRRS covers nearly all operations required for mission success
UJTL/ UNTL TERMS • UJTL - Universal Joint Task List - the comprehensive list (library) of tasks at the Strategic and Operational and Joint Tactical levels of war plus the service/agency task lists. • NTTL - Naval Tactical Task List - the comprehensive list (library) of Naval tasks at the Tactical level of war • UNTL - Universal Naval Task List • UNTL= (MCTL + NTTL) • UJTL = (SN, ST, OP, TA)+ UNTL(NTA + MCT)
STRATEGIC NATIONAL Accomplish Objectives of National Military Strategy SN 3 EMPLOY FORCES SN 6 CONDUCT MOBILIZATION SN 2 DEVELOP STRATEGIC INTELLIGENCE SN 5 PROVIDE STRATEGIC DIRECTION & INTEGRATION SN 7 CONDUCT FORCE DEVELOPMENT SN 1 CONDUCT STRATEGIC DEPLOYMENT & REDEPLOYMENT SN 4 PROVIDE SUSTAINMENT Accomplish Objectives of Theater and Campaign Strategy STRATEGIC THEATER ST 3 EMPLOY THEATER STRATEGIC FIREPOWER ST 5 PROVIDE THEATER STRATEGIC COMMAND AND CONTROL ST 7 ESTABLISH THEATER FORCE REQUIREMENTS AND READINESS ST 8 DEVELOP AND MAINTAIN ALLIANCE AND REGIONAL RELATIONS ST 1 CONDUCT INTRATHEATER STRATEGIC DEPLOYMENT, CONCENTRATION, AND MANEUVER OF FORCES ST 2 DEVELOP THEATER STRATEGIC INTELLIGENCE ST 4 SUSTAIN THEATER FORCES ST 6 PROVIDE THEATER PROTECTION Subordinate Campaigns and Major Operations Accomplish Objectives of OPERATIONAL OP 5 EXERCISE OPERATIONAL COMMAND & CONTROL OP 1 CONDUCT OPERATIONAL MOVEMENT & MANEUVER OP 2 DEVELOP OPERATIONAL INTELLIGENCE OP 3 EMPLOY OPERATIONAL FIREPOWER OP 4 PROVIDE OPERATIONAL SUPPORT OP 6 PROVIDE OPERATIONAL PROTECTION Accomplish Objectives of NAVY TACTICAL Battles and Engagements NTA 1 DEPLOY FORCES AND CONDUCT MANEUVER NTA 2 DEVELOP INTELLIGENCE NTA 3 EMPLOY FIREPOWER NTA 4 PERFORM LOGISTICS AND COMBAT SERVICE SUPPORT NTA 5 EXERCISE COMMAND & CONTROL NTA 6 PROTECT THE FORCE UNIVERSAL JOINT TASK LIST (UJTL) re: “Libray”
Universal Naval Task List (UNTL) • Common language describes what must be done. • Identifies the level of war where tasks will be done. • Lists conditions to describe physical, military, and civil environment in which tasks are performed. • Lists sample measures and criteria that define standards associated with task performance. WE CAN ADD TASKS, CONDITIONS, & MEASURES TO THE UNTL
UJTL/ UNTL TERMS • Mission - The action required and the purpose. • Essential - Absolutely necessary; indispensable; critical. • Task - A discrete event or action, not specific to a single unit, weapon system, or individual that enables a mission or function to be accomplished. • Mission Essential Task List (METL) - A list of tasks considered essential to the accomplishment of the mission. A METL includes associated conditions and standards and may identify command-linked and supporting tasks.
NMET framework Perform this task…. …. Under these conditions…. ….To this standard.
UNTL Task Library Guidelines • Activities visible outside the command • Doctrinally based- should be able to find same words in Doctrine/ developing concepts (e.g. “maritime domain awareness” from National Maritime Security Strategy.) • Discrete events • Don’t define who/ how/ or a system • Don’t describe environmental issues (physical, military, or civil conditions) • Don’t duplicate an existing task • “Universal” • Feedback to Navy UNTL/NMETLs link at www.nwdc.navy.mil
CONDITIONS • Conditions are variables of the operational environment or situation that may affect performance: physical, military or civil. • Environment is the immediate situation or circumstance in which tasks must be performed (e.g., air temperature) • Conditions impact the ability to perform a task (e.g., information exchange problems impact the ability to share information with allied/ coalition partners - unrestricted, restricted, highly restricted) Example • Reference Number and Title • C 220.127.116.11.1 Air Temperature • Definition • Atmospheric temperature at ground level (degrees Fahrenheit) • Descriptors • Hot (>850F); Temperate (400-850F); Cold (100-390F); Very cold (<100F).
STANDARDS • Definition • Minimum acceptable proficiency required in the performance of a particular task under a specified set of conditions • Components • Consists of measure and criterion: • Measures: Provide basis for describing levels of performance (i.e., miles/hour, percentage, incidents) • Criterion: Defines acceptable level of performance (i.e., 10 miles/hour, 40%) • Authority • Defined by multiple sources
NMET EXAMPLE • PERFORM TASK OF: • Interdict Enemy Operational Forces/TargetsNTA 3.2.6 • - to conduct air operations to destroy, neutralize, or delay the enemy’s military potential. • UNDER CONDITIONS OF: • NegligibleLight (overcast night)(C 18.104.22.168) - light available to illuminate • objects from natural or manmade sources. • ModeratePersonnel Fatigue (C 22.214.171.124) - degree to which personnel, due • to lack of rest, are experiencing fatigue • ModerateCollateral Damage Potential (C 2.6.7) - degree to which • civilian population and structures (and friendly forces) are close to targets • TO A STANDARD OF: • 3 Hours to drop ordnance on target after initiation of task • 100 Percent of missions flown achieve desired target damage • <5 Percent of engagements resulting in collateral damage
MEASURES • Distinguish among varying levels of task performance • Allow commanders to establish standards consistent with their mission requirements • Provide basis for assessment (e.g., readiness assessment) TaskCriterionMeasure NTA 3.2.2 Attack Enemy 90 Percent of targets Land Targets destroyed
MEASURES • VALIDITY – Ability of a measure to capture desired performance. • Should support mission success factors. • Measures will drive performance. • FEASIBILITY – Reasonable ability to collect data in support of the measure. • Should consider, manpower, money, existing databases, and technology. • RELIABLE – Ability of the measure to tell the same story each time data is collected. • Need to be able to compare apples to apples. • REPEATABLE – Ability to collect data for the measure each training cycle. • Need a steady source of data.
Time to Perform Rate of Movement Accuracy Completeness Durability/ Reliability Power Cost Range/ Mobility Lead Time Delay Times Effectiveness Coordination Integration Efficiency MEASURES -PERFORMANCE DIMENSIONS Commanders may require measures of different dimensions of performance to describe required level of performance Examples:
Where do “Metrics” come in? • Performance to NMETL standards must be evaluated by collecting data against the “Measures” of performance. That is only one set of “metrics” required in a data collection plan. We also need “Conditions” data to understand how to compare the observed performance to the set standard. • Other places where “Metrics” are needed include • Assessment- Across the force, where are our (community) strengths/ weaknesses in DOTMLP-F? • Operations Analysis- What other options are available and how should we value mission task contributions? • Validation- Is the chosen COA producing the desired outcomes? (Helps to answer “How do we know we’re winning?”)
NAVY WARFARE TRAINING SYSTEM Requirements Plans Derived From Assigned Missions Driven by Mission Requirements, Training Audience, and Method • Based on Commander’s Intent • & Joint/ Navy Doctrine • Based on Output of Requirements Phase • This Phase Produces: • NMETL Tasks, Conditions, & • Standards • List of Commands With Role in • NMETL Accomplishment • This Phase Produces: • Fleet, Group, Warfare Commander, & Unit • Training Plans • De-conflicted Training Schedules IMPROVE NAVY WARFARE READINESS Assessments Execution Commander Assesses Training Effectiveness & Navy Training Readiness Training Conducted & Evaluated • Training Events Based on Output of • Plans Phase • Ability to Meet Navy Standards: Strengths / • Weakness in Doctrine, Organization, Training, • Materiel & Education • This Phase Produces: • Overall Training & Mission Proficiency • Assessments • Key Issues & Lessons Learned • This Phase Produces: • Training Proficiency Assessments • After Action Reports • Key Issues & Lessons Learned
SUMMARY • UJTL-UNTL A new “Language” • Mission Analysis yields Mission Essential Task List (METL) • Tasks, Conditions and Standards • Standards include Measures and Criteria • Metrics are required above NMETL standards • NWTS process is a “universal” continuous improvement model
Mission Analysis to NMETL Programs • FFC N721B can lead on-site NMETL Development Seminars. In a 6 hour program, equip your NMETL development team for success. No cost. • “Have (NMETL) Gun, will travel.” • FFC N721B has ½ hour Exec Level presentation to excite your boss to become an NMETL Advocate. • Direct inquiries to david.k.brown@Navy.mil or call 757-836-0082.