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Latin American Science Fiction. The Case of Brazil. M. Elizabeth Ginway Dept. Spanish and Portuguese Studies. Recommended Reading. Literary Criticism: M. Elizabeth Ginway, Brazilian Science Fiction (Bucknell UP, 2004) J. Andrew Brown, Cyborgs in Latin America (Palgrave, 2010). Films.

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latin american science fiction

Latin American Science Fiction

The Case of Brazil

M. Elizabeth Ginway

Dept. Spanish and Portuguese Studies

recommended reading
Recommended Reading
  • Literary Criticism:
  • M. Elizabeth Ginway, Brazilian Science Fiction (Bucknell UP, 2004)

J. Andrew Brown, Cyborgs in Latin America (Palgrave, 2010)

films
Films

Brazil:

The Fifth Power (1962) Alberto Pieralisi

Isle of Flowers (1989) (short) Basic Sanitation (2007) Jorge Furtado

Mexico:

The Aztec Mummy vs. the Human Robot (1957) Rafael Portillo

Chronos (1993) Guillermo Toro

Argentina:

Man Facing Southeast (1987) Eliseo Subiela

Moebius (1996) Gustavo Mosquera

US: Sleep Dealer (2007), Alex Rivera

fiction in translation
Fiction in Translation
  • Stories: Cosmos Latinos: Anthology of SF from Latin America and Spain ed. Bell and Molina-Gavilán (Wesleyan, 2003)
  • Novels: Turing’s Delirium, Edmundo Paz-Soldán (Houghton Mifflin, (2007)
  • Through the Arc of the Rainforest, Karen Tei Yamashita (Coffeehouse, 1990)
  • And Still the Earth, Ignacio Loyola Brandão(Avon, 1982)
dystopias
Dystopias
  • Brazil’s Military Dictatorship (1964-1985) “Economic Development”
  • Foreign capital, extract “surplus”from low wages paid to workers
  • Mainstream writers use dystopia to avoid censorship
  • Models Huxley and Orwell
  • And Still the Earth (Não verás país nenhum)
    • Americanization
    • Authoritarianism
    • Recourse to Myths of National Identity
brazil s myths of identity
Brazil’s Myths of Identity

National Myths vs. Modernization

  • Green and Fertile Paradise [industrialization]
  • Non-violent, sensual people [women]
  • Racial Democracy [continued inequality]
  • Potential for greatness, landmass and natural resources [Third World status]
  • Ecofeminism to deconstruct myths of women/nature; essentialism, atavistic desire to return to a pre-industrial paradise
  • Novel: The Fruit of Thy Womb (1976) Herberto Sales (available in English)
sf as a barometer for modernization
SF as a Barometer for Modernization
  • Pre-dictatorship SF (1958-64), Golden Age, influenced by Ray Bradbury
  • Iconography by Gary K. Wolfe
  • The Known and Unknown in SF (1979)
  • Humanity: robot, alien [monsters]
  • Environment: spaceship, city, wasteland
  • “Brazilianization of icons”
post dictatorship sf 1985
Post Dictatorship SF (1985-
  • Hard SF (dictatorship, race, gender)
  • Cyberpunk, tupinipunk (international conspiracies)
  • Robots, computers, cyborgs (AIDS, gender issues)
  • Alternate histories (re-think social inequality)
  • Women SF writers (reappropriate, mock machismo)
  • Postmodern mixing of genres, fantasy, horror, intertexuality (cultural legitimacy)

Consciously Brazilian,SF Manifesto, decolonialize SF parody of 1928 Modernist “Cannibalist Manifesto”

third wave
“Third Wave”
  • 1960s GRD (First Wave) “Golden Age”
  • 1970s Mainstream Writers, Dystopia
  • 1980s, 90s Brazilian SF (Second Wave)

Anti-colonialist, Brazilian themes

  • 2006 “Anti-Brazilitis” (Third Wave)
    • International or Cosmopolitan Perspective
    • New Generation, internet, fantasy
global genre
Global Genre

Latin America Writes Back:

Critical and Theoretical Articles

Cyberpunk, SF and the Canon, Graphic novels, Film and Gaming in Latin America

ed. Andrew Brown, Elizabeth Ginway

latin america writes back science fiction and the global era
Latin America Writes Back: Science Fiction and the Global Era
  • Authors, filmmakers and critics from around the world converged at UF on October 27-29, 2005 a symposium reflecting the growing interest in the science fiction of Latin America.
  • George Yudice, Edmundo Paz-Soldán, Alberto Fuguet, screening of Moebius (1996),dir. Gustavo Mosquera
  • Visit www.clas.ufl.edu/events/writesbac