ANDHRA PRADESH RASTRIYA MADHYAMIK SIKSHA ABHIYAN (AP RMSA) [2009 – 2020] by D. Seshagiri Rao Director SCERT( Retd ) Consultant RMSA DireDirectorctor,SCERT ( Retd ) Consultant -RMSA. Agenda. Recap… RMSA – An Overview Need for RMSA National Level Vision, Goals & Objectives
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ANDHRA PRADESHRASTRIYA MADHYAMIK SIKSHA ABHIYAN(AP RMSA)[2009 – 2020]byD. SeshagiriRaoDirector SCERT(Retd)Consultant RMSADireDirectorctor,SCERT(Retd)Consultant -RMSA
Agenda • Recap… • RMSA – An Overview • Need for RMSA • National Level Vision, Goals & Objectives • AP State Vision, Goals & Objectives • Road Map • Planning & Implementing RMSA • Nature of planning in the context of USE • Interventions Planned © Anantha Ramakrishna Duvvuri
EFFORTS on EDUCATION FOR ALL(EFA) • The WORLD CONFERENCE ON EFA Jomtien, Thailand, 5-9 March 1990 to universalize primary education and massively reduce illiteracy by the end of the decade-Mid term Review at Aman,Jordan in 1996 • EDUCATION FOR ALL SUMMIT of NINE HIGH POPULATION COUNTRIES (Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Mexico, Nigeria & Pakistan) New Delhi 12-16,Dec 1993. • DAKAR FRAMEWORK FOR ACTION ON EDUCATION FOR ALL: Meeting Our Collective Commitments : the World Education Forum Dakar, Senegal, 26-28 April 2000
EFFORTS on EDUCATION FOR ALL(EFA) • The participating governments committed themselves to the attainment of the following DAKAR FRAMEWORK-GOALS • Expanding and improving comprehensive early childhood care and education, especially for the most vulnerable and disadvantaged children • Ensuring that by 2015 all children, with special emphasis on girls, children in difficult circumstances and from ethnic minorities have access to and complete free and compulsory primary education of free and compulsory primary education of good quality • Ensuring that the Learning needs of all young people and adults are met through equitable access to appropriate learning and life skills programmes
EFFORTS on EDUCATION FOR ALL(EFA) • Achieving 50 per cent improvement in levels of adult literacy by 2015,especially for women, and equitable access to basic and continuing education for all adults • Eliminating gender disparities in primary and secondary education by 2005,and achieving gender equality in education by 2015, with focus on ensuring girls’ full and equal access to and achievement in basic education of good quality; • Improving all aspects of the quality of education and ensuring excellence of all so that recognized and measurable learning outcomes are achieved by all, especially in literacy, numeracy and essential life skills”
EFFORTS on EDUCATION FOR ALL(EFA) • EDUCATION PROJECTS IN AP • 1983 - 1998 ANDHRA PRADESH PRIMARY EDUCATION PROJECT(APPEP) with Assistance from Overseas Development Administration ODA(now known as DFID) of UK. • 1997 - 2004 DISTRICT PRIMARY EDUCATION PROGRAMME(DPEP) of GOI • 1998 - 2006 JANASHALA PROJECT of GOI with UNICEF Assistance in 4 Dists. of AP • 2002 - 2010 extended till 2012 SARVA SIKSHA ABHIYAN (SSA) of GOI
APPEP1983-98 • First Bilateral agency to enter into Basic Education in India is ODA of United Kingdom in India Andhra Pradesh in 1983 • The three Key innovations of APPEP • 6 Pedagogical Principles for activity based child-centred teaching learning process. • Institutional innovation: Teachers’ Centre at the Sub district (Mandal)level • Systematic planning for teacher training
Six pedagogical Principles of APPEP • Providing teacher generated learning activities • Promoting learning by doing, discovering and experimenting • Developing individual, group,& whole class learning • Providing for individual differences • Using the local environment • Creating an interesting classroom by displaying children’s work
Project at a Glance • A Centrally sponsored scheme • (a) IMPLENTING AGENCY: • State level: A.P. Secondary Education Society, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Secretary to Secondary Education Dept (Chairman), & C&DSE(Member Convenor) • District Level: Collector & Dist. Magistrate(Chairman), DEO (Dist. Project Coordinator) • (b) PERIOD 2009-10 to 2016-17 • (c) COVERAGE: All the secondary Schools (classes IX & X) run by Govt/Municipal/Local Bodies, private aided, managements. • (d) FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Government of India/Government of A P Funds
Need for RMSA • The Government of India has launched, in 2007, a centrally sponsored scheme, Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA), for universalisation of access to and improvement of quality at the secondary and higher secondary stage, • Since education is a state subject as per the constitution in the Indian federal system, state governments are policy and decision makers on this subject, • RMSA is therefore a crucial step to prepare the State Govts. /UTs to take up the goal of Universalisation of Secondary Education.(USE)
Need for RMSA contd… • Unlike U.E.E which is a constitutional mandate, U.S.E is not mandated by Constitution but only by morale and by need. • This means that well-thought out and practically possible goals and strategies for implementation must emerge from the states and union territories.
Vision, Goals & Objectives – National VISION At the national level, the vision for secondary education is to make good quality education available, accessible and affordable to all young persons in the age group of 14-18years.
Vision, Goals & Objectives – National • GOALS & OBJECTIVES The national policy document of RMSA has drawn up the following specific goals and objectives: • To ensure that all secondary schools have physical facilities, staff and supplies at least according to the prescribed standards through financial support in case of Government/ Local Body and Government aided schools, and appropriate regulatory mechanism in the case of other schools • To improve access to secondary schooling to all young persons according to norms – through proximate location (say, Secondary Schools within 5 kms, and Higher Secondary Schools within 7-10 kms), efficient and safe transport arrangements/residential facilities, depending on local circumstances including open schooling. However, in hilly and difficult areas, these norms can be relaxed. Preferably residential schools may be set up in such areas
Vision, Goals & Objectives – National • GOALS & OBJECTIVES Contd… • To ensure that no child is deprived of secondary education of satisfactory quality due to gender, socio-economic, disability and other barriers; • To improve quality of secondary education resulting in enhanced intellectual, social and cultural learning • To ensure that all students pursuing secondary education receive education of good quality; and achievement of the above objectives would also, inter-alia, signify substantial progress in the direction of the Common School System.
Vision, Goals & Objectives – State VISION To ensure quality education that is available, accessible and affordable to every young person in the age group of 14-18 and prepare them to become global citizens with intellectual, scientific, social, cultural and humane outlook
Vision, Goals & Objectives – State • GOALS & OBJECTIVES The state abides by these broad national goals and objectives, and specifically adds on certain key qualitative objectives that would guide its progress towards meeting its vision and goal. They are: • To equip and empower professional competence of the heads and teachers for school effectiveness and classroom processes; • To provide opportunity to secondary level students to compare, collaborate, compete and contribute to the world at large; and • To develop life-skills of students, and enhance overall quality of life.
Road Map • All secondary school age children are in schools by 2013 • All secondary school age children are in secondary classes appropriate to their age by 2020 • All secondary school completing children will have access to higher secondary classes by 2020 • “….. making good quality education available to all students in all schools at affordable fees is a primary commitment of the Common School System”, • State should invest in common schools system with standards, norms, building, etc., with the same standards as that of Kendriya Vidyalayas.
Nature of planning in the context of USE • What to do? • Decentralised, need based, participatory, convergent and context specific planning. • Wide discussions at micro level • Deliberate on issues • Take stock of existing status • Analyze and identify gaps in relation to goals • Formulate strategies, • Develop draft plans, implementation schedules, and monitor plans
Nature of planning in the context of USE • Who will do? - District Level Team (Planning Team) • District Educational Officer • Deputy Educational Officer (DPC) • Mandal Educational Officers (3 members) • Headmasters (3 members) • NGO Representatives (3 members) • National Awardee Teachers (2 members) • Teaches Union Representatives (5 members) • DWACRA Group Presidents (3 members) • MandalParishad Presidents (2 members) • M. L. As (2 members) • Municipal President/Mayor • ZillaParishad Chairperson
Nature of planning in the context of USE • Who will do? - Divisional Level Survey Team (Micro-Planning) • Deputy Educational Officer (concerned) • Headmasters (3 members) • Teachers (3 members) • Teacher Union Representatives (3 members) • NGO Representatives (2 members) • Sarpanches (3 members) • Mandal Praja Parishad Presidents (3 members) • DWACRA Group Representatives (3 members)
Interventions Planned • Civil Works (Non-Recurring) • Addl. Class Rooms to Upgraded Upper Primary Schools: • Addl. Class Rooms to Existing Secondary Schools: • Science Laboratory • Lab Equipment • Office Room • Computer Room • Art/Craft/Culture Room • Library • Separate Toilet Blocks for Boys & Girls • Drinking Water Facility • Furniture & Fixtures
Interventions Planned • Recurring • Repairs and Renovations (Major) • Annual Recurring Grant • Repairs to equipment & Consumable Articles for Laboratory • Purchase of Books and Periodicals • Water and Electricity charges • Teachers • Duftary/Clerk • Lab Attendant • Watchman • In-service training of teachers & Heads of schools • Residential Quarters for Teachers • District level Science Exhibition
Interventions Planned • Incentives • Bicycle for Girls/KIT • For children with Special Needs – IED • For Out of School Children • Strengthening of Resource Institutions • SCERT, • APOSS, • SIET, • CTE/IASEs • DIETs, ELTC • Dist. Science Centre • DRCs • Divisional Lead Schools, • Mandal Lead Schools
MMER - Management, Monitoring, Evaluation, and Research • Management Andhra Pradesh Secondary Education Society • The following Committees were formed at state level, district level and sub divisional level (G.O.Ms.No. 114 School Edn. (SE Plg.2) Dept., dated: 07-10-2009) • State Mission Authority-Governing Council • State Level Executive Committee • Technical Support Group at State Level • District level Management Committee • School Management and Development Committee (SMDC)
MMER - Management, Monitoring, Evaluation, and Research • State Mission Authority-Governing Council • Hon’ble Chief Minister - Chairman • Hon’ble Minister (SE) - Vice Chairman • Chief Secretary - Vice Chairman • Secretary (SE) - Member-Secretary • Secretary (Finance) - Member • Secretary (Planning) - Member • C&DSE and Ex-Officio Project Director, RMSA - Member • Director, Intermediate Education - Member • MHRD nominee(s) - Member(s) • With Head of resource institution and experts as Members and any other member (to be nominated by Chairman)
MMER - Management, Monitoring, Evaluation, and Research • State Level Executive Committee • Secretary I/C of S.E - Chairman • C&DSE and Ex-Officio Project Director, RMSA - Member-Secretary • Representatives form Finance Dept. - Member(s) • Representatives from Planning Dept - Member(s) (to facilitate decision making) • Nominee of Dept of Rural Development • Nominee(S)/ Representatives(S) from MHRD - Member(s) • Director, Intermediate Education - Member and also to involve NGO’s, Social Activists , University Teachers, Teacher union Representatives , Panchayat Raj Representatives, Women Groups (to be nominated as Members) • The Executive Committee will be responsible for the Project appraisal and its approval at the State level with the Assistance of a Technical support Group (TSG).
MMER - Management, Monitoring, Evaluation, and Research • Technical Support Group at State Level • Secretary to Govt. School Education Dept., A.P., Hyderabad - Chairman • Director, Intermediate Education, Hyderabad - Member • Additional Director of School Education (Coordinator) - Member • Director, SCERT, A.P., Hyderabad - Member • Director, Govt. Examinations, Hyderabad - Member • Director, AP Open School Society, Hyderabad - Member • Director, Libraries Dept., Hyderabad - Member • Director, Social Welfare Dept., Hyderabad - Member • Director, Tribal Welfare Dept., Hyderabad - Member • Director, BC Welfare Dept., Hyderabad - Member • Director, Disabled Welfare Dept., Hyderabad - Member • Director, SIET, Hyderabad - Member • Director, Adult Education, Hyderabad - Member • MD, School Education Infrastructure Development Corporation, AP., Hyderabad - Member Contd…
MMER - Management, Monitoring, Evaluation, and Research • Technical Support Group at State Level • Two District Educational Officers - Members (to be nominated by the Chairman) • Two Principals of CTE/IASE - Members (to be nominated by the Chairman) • Two persons from NGOs - Members (to be nominated by the Chairman) • Two Headmasters/teachers from High Schools - Members (to be nominated by the Chairman) • Any other member(s) nominated by the Chairman Commissioner & Director of School Education, - Member-Secretary • A.P., Hyderabad, and Ex-Officio Project Director. • TSG at State Level will act as a Monitory and Operational Support Unit. • Executive Committee will approve and recommend the project proposal on the basis of appraisal done by the Technical Support Group. The TSG will also assist in Planning, Monitoring, Management and Evaluation.
MMER - Management, Monitoring, Evaluation, and Research • District level Management Committee • District Collector -Chairman • Principal IASE/CTE/DIET -Member (Wherever IASE is existing Principal is the member and CTE is existing Principal is the member & Where there is no IASE & CTE, the DIET Principal is the member) • Executive Engineer, SEID Corporation -Member • Deputy Director, Social Welfare -Member • District Tribal Welfare Officer -Member • District BC Welfare Officer -Member • Assistant Director, Disabled Welfare -Member Any one member nominated by the Chairman(from NGOs) • District Educational Officer & Ex Officio -Member -Convener District Project Coordinator
MMER - Management, Monitoring, Evaluation, and Research • School Management and Development Committee (SMDC) The Committee has to be constituted at School Level with the following members: • Principal/HM--Chairman of the Committee • Vice-Principal -- Vice Chairman • One Teacher (Social Sciences) -- Member • One Teacher (Science) -- Member • One Teacher (Maths) -- Member • One gentle man from parents -- Member • One lady from parents -- Member Contd…
MMER - Management, Monitoring, Evaluation, and Research • School Management and Development Committee (SMDC) • Two Members from Panchayat / Urban Local Body (Surpanch/ Chairman/ Mayor & concerned ward member) • One Member from SC/ST Community • One Member from Educationally Backward Minority Community • One Member from Women Groups • One Member from Edn. Dept Committee of each Village • Three Experts as Members each from Science, Humanities and Art/ Craft/ Culture Background to be nominated by the District Programme Coordinator through due Process. • One Officer from Education Department to be nominated by the DEO as a Member • One Member from Audit and Accounts Department.
MMER - Management, Monitoring, Evaluation, and Research • Sub Committees of SMDC • School Building Committee • School Building Committee Responsible for all including Planning, Estimation, Management, Monitoring, Supervision, Reporting, Maintenance of Accounts, Monthly squaring up of accounts, Presenting accounts, before the SMDC (or) Panchayat (or) Urban Local Bodies etc. Relating to all Civil Works. The Civil Works will be undertaking either on Contract basis s per rules (or) by the Community. These works can also integrate with Rural Development Schemes. • SBC is consisting of • One Member from Panchayat or Urban Local Body • One Member from parents • One Member from experts in Civil Works like Civil Engineers/ Consultant • One Member from Audit and Accounts Department.
MMER - Management, Monitoring, Evaluation, and Research • Sub Committes of SMDC • The Academic Committee • The Academic Committee is responsible for all Academic Activities including Planning, Management, Monitoring, Supervision, Reporting and Collection of data for SEMIS etc. The Committee is also responsible for ensuring quality improvements, equity, reducing , barriers with socio- Economic, gender and disability , Teachers and Students attendance , recommending Teachers for training , guidance and counseling , students achievements , co- curricular and extra curricular activities and overall Academic and personality development of Students and Teachers. • Parent Teacher Association (PTA) • Meeting of PTA will be held at least once in a month. The class teacher will maintain a Suggestion / Complaint Register for parents of every class. The Principal and Vice – Principal will review this Register regularly and take appropriate action on the suggestions and complaints. This register itself should contain column for “Action Taken”. This register will also be placed in the meetings of SMDC.
MMER - Management, Monitoring, Evaluation, and Research • Monitoring and Supervision • At Divisional Level monthly meetings of the Headmasters / Principals will be conducted by the DPC in which the progress of Enrollment, Retention, and Quality of the children will be reviewed. • The experiences and participation of School Management Development Committees (SMDC) will be shared. • Innovative practices of Schools, Teachers, School Management and DevelopmentCommittees(SMDC) will be collected and documented.
MMER - Management, Monitoring, Evaluation, and Research • Monitoring and Supervision • Role of District Project Office • At District level the DPC will conduct review meetings of Sectoral Officers on enrollment, equity, quality of civil works. • A meeting of Tribal Resource Group, SC Resource Group, Girl Education • Resource Group will be conducted bi-monthly • Review with I. E.D. Resource Group will be conducted every month. • Role of State Project Office • Monthly meetings with DPCs • Monthly meetings with Sectoral Officers • Monthly meetings with Resource Groups
MMER - Management, Monitoring, Evaluation and Research • Evaluation • Conducting Base Line Survey • Impact Studies • Cohort Analysis of students from class VIII to XII • Surveys BAS / MAS / TAS • Collection of Micro Planning data for preparation of planning • Integration of information for planning • Training to Teachers/Planners • Implementing quality Monitoring tool • Research • Action research by teachers/lecturers of DIET/CTE/IASE • Small Scale Researches by teachers/lecturers of DIET/CTE/IASE • Large Scale Researches by Individuals/ • Large Scale Researches by Institutions