The Medieval Era. The medieval period stretches between the fourth and fourteenth centuries The term medieval was coined by latter people looking to connect their own time to classical antiquity. . Medieval Western Hemisphere. Lords and Ladies, Knights and Samurai.
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Feudal System: In Europe and sometimes elsewhere, authority and landownership were organized feudally.
Feudalism in Europe
Women gained new, important roles in patronizing and creating the arts – including literature
Medieval knights sought fame and wealth; tales of their exploits grew in popularity
Illustration of a knight in Gothic armor from Concilium zu Constanz woodcut, (digitized page 34 of 509). Credit: Library of Congress
Medieval writers typically portray their royal patrons as vastly wise, powerful, and generous, yet the reality was less glorious
Originially from: British Library Royal MS 18, dated c. 1385-1400 Depicting the end of the 1381 peasant's revolt, the image shows London's mayor, Walworth, killing . There are two images of Richard II. One looks on the killing while the other is talking to the peasants.
Every aspect of medieval life was profoundly marked by religion
The Heian Period (794-1185)
The Medieval Period
Arid desert, with scattered oases
Bedouin – nomadic, depended on camel and dates
Strong tribal ethos
Phoenicians – successful traders
Noted calligraphy, but little other artistic or architectural achievements
Difficult time to live
Nevertheless, Middle Ages left us with much of their identity and heritage
The Book of the Kells
Credit: Arnaud GaillardThis file is licensed under Creative CommonsAttribution ShareAlike 1.0 License
The people had little access to official dogma, so heresies erupted and were violently repressed by the Church.
Crusading united Christians of Europe and channeled their military energy outward