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Social Cognitive Learning. The role of observation, expectation, social experience and modeling on learning behaviors: Ultimate outcome  Self-control. Social Cognitive Learning. Basic Assumptions People can learn by observing others.

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social cognitive learning

Social Cognitive Learning

The role of observation, expectation, social experience and modeling on learning behaviors:

Ultimate outcome  Self-control

social cognitive learning2
Social Cognitive Learning
  • Basic Assumptions
  • People can learn by observing others.
  • Learning is an internal process that may or may not result in a behavior change.
  • Behavior is directed toward particular goals.
  • Behavior eventually becomes self-regulated.
  • Reinforcement and punishment have indirect rather than direct effects on learning and behavior.
social cognitive learning3
Social Cognitive Learning
  • Reinforcement & Punishment (331)
    • 5 Cognitive Features that influence behavior
  • Expectations of future consequences & responses based on current situation/s
  • Vicarious experiences of others’ consequences
  • Expectations about future consequences affect how we cognitively process of new information
  • Expectations affect decisions about how to behavior
  • Nonoccurrence of expected consequences have effects
social cognitive learning4
Social Cognitive Learning
  • Modeling & Models
    • Live models & Symbolic models
    • Behaviors that can be learned: Research evidence
      • Academic skills: Cognitive modeling
      • Aggression
      • Morality
bandura s research bobo doll experiments
Bandura’s Research: Bobo Doll Experiments
  • Background on Bandura & the research:
  • Bandura speaks
    • http://video.google.com/videosearch?q=%22Bobo+doll%22&hl=en
  • http://www.sp.uconn.edu/~aja05001/comps/documents/TheoristPaper_ARTINO_final.pdf
  • http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-2953790276071699877&q=%22Bobo+doll%22&hl=en
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bobo_doll_experiment
  • Bobo adaptations
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZeE_Ymzc1rE
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Va__eTyh4a8
social cognitive learning6
Social Cognitive Learning
  • Modeling & Models: How models affect behavior
  • 4 features
    • Observational Learning Effect
      • Acquiring new behavior from model
    • Response Facilitation Effect
      • Increased frequency of learned behavior after model is reinforced for same behavior
    • Response Inhibition Effect
      • Decreased frequency of learned behavior after observing punished model
    • Response Disinhibition Effect
      • Return of inhibited response after observing model behave w/o adverse consequences
social cognitive learning7
Social Cognitive Learning
  • 4 Characteristics of Effective Models
  • Competence
  • Prestige/Power
  • Gender-appropriate behavior
  • Situational relevance (model to learner)
  • Identify an experience in your life in which you learned from a model: Which of these attributes fit your experience?
social cognitive learning8
Social Cognitive Learning
  • 4 aspects of helping students learn from models
  • Attention
  • Retention
  • Motor Reproduction
  • Motivation
  • Categorize the above features as:
    • Cognitive; Affective; Kinesthetic
social cognitive learning9
Social Cognitive Learning
  • 4 aspects of helping students learn from models
  • Attention
    • Cognitive
  • Retention
    • Cognitive
  • Motor Reproduction
    • Kinesthetic
  • Motivation
    • Affective
social cognitive learning10
Social Cognitive Learning
  • Self-Efficacy: Self-constructed judgment about ability to execute behaviors/reach goals
  • Principle:
    • People tend to engage in activities based on their sense of competence &/or past success
      • Increased probability of choosing specific future behavior
  • Affects Behavior & Cognition in 4 ways:
    • Activity choice
    • Goal setting
    • Effort & persistence
    • Learning & achievement
social cognitive learning11
Social Cognitive Learning
  • Developing Self-Efficacy: 4 factors
  • Own past success/failure experiences
  • “Messages” from others
    • Relationship to “other”
    • Support &/or interfere
    • Direct &/or implied
  • Observed past success/failure experiences of others
  • Group past success/failure experiences: Collective self-efficacy
social cognitive learning12
Social Cognitive Learning
  • Promoting High Self-Efficacy: 4 factors
    • Competence promoting feedback
    • Mastery on challenging tasks
    • Success in terms of improvement/accomplishment
    • Errors occur within context of success
social cognitive learning13
Social Cognitive Learning
  • Self-Regulation
    • Behavior
    • Learning
    • Problem solving
social cognitive learning14
Social Cognitive Learning
  • Self-Regulation & Behavior
  • 5 Features
    • Self-determined goals & standards:
      • Before response
    • Self-instruction: During response
    • Self-monitoring: During response
    • Self-evaluation: After response
    • Self-imposed contingencies: After response
social cognitive learning15
Social Cognitive Learning
  • Self-Regulation & Learning: Cognitive Processes
  • 8 Features
    • Goal-setting
    • Planning
    • Attention control
    • Applications of learning strategies
    • Self-motivational strategies
    • Outside help when needed
    • Self-monitoring
    • Self-evaluation
  • Co-regulated learning: Bridging other- and self-regulated learning
    • Developmental process of supporting self-regulation
social cognitive learning16
Social Cognitive Learning
  • Self-Regulation & Problem solving
  • Overt & intentional PS model
    • Must be taught, practiced, supported
social cognitive learning17
Social Cognitive Learning
  • Reciprocal Causation of Behavior & Learning
  • Interdependence of
    • Environment
    • Behavior
    • Person
  • T. 10.3 (358): Interrelationship examples
social cognitive learning18
Social Cognitive Learning
  • Models in teaching
  • Describe a situation in which you are a model for a specific learning outcome, academic or otherwise, for a specific learner/learning group
    • Consider the 4 characteristics of effective models
      • Prestige; Competence; Situational Relevance; Gender
  • Identify how you would address the 4 factors believed to contribute to the “modeling effect”
    • Attention
    • Retention
    • Reproduction
    • Motivation