World war ii
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 24

World War II PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 78 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

World War II. Goal 10. Nazis ( nat-zees). Nazi Rise to Power. What do you know about the Treaty of Versailles? Young radical named Adolf Hitler joins National Socialist Party (Nazi); tries revolution in early 1920s Arrested and jailed

Download Presentation

World War II

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


World war ii

World War II

Goal 10


Nazis nat zees

Nazis ( nat-zees)


Nazi rise to power

Nazi Rise to Power

  • What do you know about the Treaty of Versailles?

    Young radical named Adolf Hitler joins National Socialist Party (Nazi); tries revolution in early 1920s

    • Arrested and jailed

    • Writes book called Mein Kampf; blames Jews & Communists

  • Nazi Party gains more power after Great Depression hits the world in 1929-30


Natzees continued

Natzees Continued

  • Hitler & Nazis gain control of German government LEGALLY in 1933

    • Set up “Third Reich” (fascism - nationalistic, racist, dictatorship)

    • Nazis begin “educating” youth of Germany

    • Start eliminating political competition

    • Start persecuting Jews

      • Nuremburg laws Anti-Semitic Laws


Natzees take over

Natzees take over…

  • Italy has fascist government under Benito Mussolini; begins to ally with Hitler

  • Japan gains power; invades Manchuria in 1931 & invades China in 1937

  • Hitler begins to break Treaty of Versailles

    • Begins troop buildup & military buildup

    • Sends troops into Rhineland in 1936 (French & GB do nothing)


Continued

Continued…

  • Hitler takes control of Austria in 1938

  • Hitler threatens to take Sudetenland (NW Czechoslovakia)

  • Munich Conference (1938)

    • British use policy of appeasement; agree to give Sudetenland in exchange for no further aggression

    • Neville Chamberlin (British Prime Minister) “We’ve achieved peace in our time.”

  • Hitler takes rest of Czechoslovakia in Spring 1939


World war ii 2764478

War!!!


Who vs who this time

Who vs. Who this time?

  • Axis Powers

    • Germany

    • Japan

    • Italy

  • Allies

    • England

    • France (before defeat)

    • U.S.

    • USSR

    • China


Fdr churchill stalin

FDR, Churchill, Stalin


Hitler mussolini hirohito

Hitler, Mussolini, Hirohito


America pre war years 1939 1941

America: Pre-War Years, 1939-1941

  • Cash & Carry

    • Sept. 1939: allowed warring nations to buy US arms; must pay cash & transport own goods

  • Tripartite Pact

    • Establishes the Axis Powers

    • Sept. 1940: Germany, Italy, Japan sign

  • Lend/Lease Act

    • 1941: British out of cash; US lends/leases goods

    • US also provides aide to Soviet Union


Pre war continued

Pre War Continued

  • German U-Boats

    • U-boats attack US ships (1941)

    • Roosevelt orders Navy to fight back IF attacked

  • Japan attacks US

    • US cut off trade to Japan (including oil) to persuade them to stop expansion in Pacific

    • Japan attacks Pearl Harbor Dec. 7, 1941

    • US declares war on Japan; Italy & Germany declare war on US


War at home

5 Million Americans volunteered for military service

10 Million more drafted via Selective Service

US industry converts to complete war-time production

War Production Board (WPB) regulates industries for war-time production

Women join workforce (Rosie the Riveter)

Government sets up Office of Price Administration (OPA)

Price freezes set up to regulate economy

US citizens begin rationing materials; most for military use

Propaganda used to convince citizens to help

War at Home


Anti japanese

Anti-Japanese

  • US discriminates against Japanese-Americans

    • Internment camps set up for Japanese-Americans on West Coast

    • 110,000+ relocated from homes to concentration camps

    • Most are native born

    • Korematsu v. United States, 1944 – Supreme Court rules in favor of US gov’t


Fighting

Fighting

  • Pacific

    • Japan continues expansion in Pacific while US is weak (after Pearl Harbor)

    • Japan takes Philippines from US in early 1942

      • General Douglas McArthur vows “I shall return”

      • Troops suffer Bataan Death March

  • Atlantic/Europe

    • US suffers many early attacks by German U-Boats

    • Stalin urges US & British to invade Europe in 1942

    • Instead US & British attack North Africa (Nov. 42)

      • Allies defeat Germans in N.Africa by May 1943

    • Attack next moves into Italian Peninsula in 1943


Major battles europe

***Major Battles-Europe***

  • Stalingrad

    • Aug.1942-Feb.1943; Turning Point of WWII

  • Normandy/D-Day

    • June 6, 1944; Massive allied invasion into France

  • Battle of the Bulge

    • Last German effort to stop Allied advance from West (Ardennes)


Major battles pacific

Major Battles-Pacific

  • Midway ***

  • Guadalcanal

  • Leyte Gulf

  • Iwo Jima***

  • Okinawa


World war ii 2764478

D-Day: June 6, 1944


End of the war

End of the War

  • FDR dies April 12, 1945, Truman takes over.

  • Europe

    • Soviets lay siege to Berlin in April 1945

    • Hitler and many top Nazi leaders commit suicide

    • Germans finally surrender on May 8, 1945

  • Pacific

    • Japanese refuse to surrender

    • Manhattan Project - US develops atomic bomb Dr. Robert Oppenhiemer

    • US decided to use bombs on Japan, hoping to force surrender

    • Aug.6, 1945 US drops “Little Boy” on Hiroshima

      • Up to 145,000 killed

    • Aug.9, 1945 US drops “Fat Man” on Nagasaki

      • Up to 75,000 killed

    • Aug.15, Japan announces decision to surrender, officially doing so on Sept. 2, 1945


After effects

After Effects

  • Yalta Conference (Feb. 1945)

    • United Nations created; tensions between Allies begin over post-War Eastern Europe (democracy or communism)

  • Potsdam Conference (July 1945)

    • Germany divided into 4 occupation zones; leads to communist East Germany and democratic West Germany

  • Nuremburg Trials

    • High ranking Nazi officers put on trial for war crimes

    • Highest ranking officer (Goering) sentenced to death; commits suicide before being executed

  • Japan Rebuilt

    • US rebuilds Japan, establishing a constitution/democratic gov’t

  • Cold War

    • Tensions between US & USSR continue until 1990 regarding spread of communism/democracy (Korea, Vietnam, Cuba, etc.)


  • Login