1939 1945
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1939-1945. World War II. Causes of World War II Political instability and economic devastation in Europe resulting from World War I:. Worldwide depression High war debt owed by Germany High inflation Massive unemployment. Rise of Fascism:

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World War II

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1939 1945

1939-1945

World War II


World war ii

Causes of World War II

  • Political instability and economic devastation

  • in Europe resulting from World War I:


World war ii

  • Worldwide depression

  • High war debt owed by Germany

  • High inflation

  • Massive unemployment


World war ii

  • Rise of Fascism:

  • Fascism is political philosophy in which total

  • power is given to a dictator and individual

  • freedoms are denied and nationalism and,

  • often, racism are emphasized.


World war ii

  • Fascist dictators included:

    • Adolf Hitler (Germany)

    • Benito Mussolini (Italy)

    • Hideki Tojo (Japan)

  • These dictators led the countries that

  • became known as the Axis Powers.

Mussolini

Hitler

Tojo


World war ii

The Allies

  • Democratic nations (the United States at end of 1941,

  • Great Britain, Canada, France)were known as the Allies.

    • The Soviet Union joined the Alliesafter being

  • invaded by Germany in June 1941

  • Allied leaders included:

  • Franklin D. Roosevelt

  • later Harry S. Truman (US),

  • Winston Churchill (Great Britain),

  • Joseph Stalin (Soviet Union).


  • World war ii

    • Start of WW II

    • Germany invaded Poland, setting off war in Europe.

      • September 1, 1939

  • (Great Britain and France then declared war on Germany)

  • The Soviet Union also invaded Poland and the Baltic nations.

  • Germany invaded France and captured Paris.

  • Germany bombed London, and the Battle of Britain began.


  • World war ii

    Gradual change in American policy from

    neutrality to direct involvement

    • At first, the United States was neutral and

    • isolationists

  • Isolationism philosophywas due to:

    • Great Depression (problems in our own country)

    • Legacy of World War I (we became involved in

      • a European war once before)


  • World war ii

    • Change to economic involvement:

    • Economic aid to Allies.

    • Great Britain needed help from the U.S.

      • Destroyers for Bases (1940) U.S. gave Britain war supplies and old naval warships in return for military bases in Bermuda and the Caribbean

      • Lend - Lease (1941)

      • The United States gave Britain

      • war supplies andoldnaval

      • warships inreturn for military

      • bases inBermudaand the

      • Caribbean


    World war ii

    • United states direct involvement:

    • Rising tension developed between the U.S. and

    • Japan because of Japanese aggressionin East Asia.

    • On December 7, 1941, Japan attacked the U.S. at

    • Pearl Harbor without warning.

    • “A date which will live in infamy.”

    • ~FDR

    • The United States declared war

    • on Japan.

    • Germany declared war on the United States.


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