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Team Teach Project: Situational Leadership. Sara Norman Nazia Ali Gretchen Messersmith Stephen Hartgrove. Origins of Situational Leadership. Hersey and Blanchard first developed the theory in 1969. Life Cycle Theory of Leadership.

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Team teach project situational leadership

Team Teach Project: Situational Leadership

Sara Norman

Nazia Ali

Gretchen Messersmith

Stephen Hartgrove

Origins of situational leadership
Origins of Situational Leadership

  • Hersey and Blanchard first developed the theory in 1969.

  • Life Cycle Theory of Leadership.

  • The theory has been used in organizational leadership training and development.

  • In 1985, Blanchard, et al. developed a model called Situational Leadership II model that intensified the movement.

  • Based on Fiedler’s Contingency Theory and House’s Path-Goal Theory of Leadership.

An overview of situational leadership
An Overview of Situational Leadership

  • Variety

  • Leader Adaptation

  • Two dimensional

  • Correlation of styles

  • No universal style

  • Directive and supportive behaviors

  • Prescriptive

The leadership styles
The Leadership Styles

  • S1: High directive-low supportive (Directing)

  • S2: High directive-high supportive (Coaching)

  • S3: High supportive-low directive (Supporting)

  • S4: Low-supportive-low directive (Delegating)

The subordinate styles
The Subordinate Styles

  • D1: Lack ability, but high commitment

  • D2: Some ability, but low commitment

  • D3: Have high ability but low commitment

  • D4: High competence, high committed

Dimensions of situational leadership
Dimensions of Situational Leadership

  • Supportive Dimension

  • Directional Dimension

Paul hersey
Paul Hersey

  • Hersey has stuck with the “original” form of Situational Leadership since its creation

  • Based on the original SL

  • The Center for Situational Leadership Studies

  • The Situational Leader

Ken blanchard
Ken Blanchard

  • Blanchard developed a new model, SLII in the 1980’s.

  • Apart from Paul Hersey

  • The Ken Blanchard Companies

  • “The Leadership Difference”

  • One-Minute Manager

Sli and slii

  • New Theory in the 1980’s

  • Blanchard: SLII

  • Hersey: SLI

  • The two are very similar


  • Leader direction

  • Leader-follower relationships

  • Easy to understand, applicable

  • Tells what one should or should not do in various leadership settings

  • Directing style

  • Unique needs need attention

  • Adaptability

Criticisms of the approach
Criticisms of the Approach

  • Not enough studies

  • Ambiguity

  • Does not explain the theoretical basis for the changes in the composition of each development level

  • Leader style/development levels

  • Demographic characteristics

  • North American bias

  • Difficulty in defining quality and job maturity in leadership

  • Limited empirical support