“Defensive Driving Training”
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“Defensive Driving Training”. PDO’s Road Safety Performance over the years: Road Traffic Accidents per Million Km driven. Improving. RTA’s / Million Km. BUT !. 199819992000 Millions km driven 149116 118 Road Accidents 231144 158 Rollovers 51 32 43

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“Defensive Driving Training”

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Defensive driving training

“Defensive Driving Training”


Defensive driving training

PDO’s Road Safety Performance over the years:

Road Traffic Accidents per Million Km driven

Improving

RTA’s / Million Km

BUT !


Defensive driving training

199819992000

Millions km driven149116 118

Road Accidents231144 158

Rollovers 51 32 43

Dead 8 010

2001: 5 Dead (2 on unauthorized journey)


Defensive driving training

Accidents are caused by threats created by

(In order of importance):

  • The driver

  • The other road users

  • The roads and the environment

  • The transport operation

  • The vehicle and its load/passengers


Defensive driving training

The transportsystem

Other Road

Users

The Driver

Roads &

Environment

Vehicle &Load

Accidents are caused by threats created by:


Defensive driving training

Road Safety Threats: The driver

  • Driver poor behavior (reckless, speed, maneuvers)

  • Driver lack of competence (skill/knowledge)

  • Driver fatigue

  • Driver mental stress

  • Driver physical fitness

  • Driver poor vision

  • Driver disoriented (brain cramp)

  • Driver alcohol/drugs/medicine


Defensive driving training

Road Safety Controls: The driver

  • DDC: Defensive Driving Course for our drivers

  • H+M Road Safety Road Show

  • IVMS/DMS strategy: improving driver behavior

  • Awareness campaigns

    Triads ( “Phone, Drive & Die”), LTI-Packs, Slide-shows, Video’s

  • RSMT coaching: 3 teams

  • Rules for driving (HSE-Stds Manual)

  • Journey Management reviewed


Defensive driving training

Road Safety Threats: The other road users

  • Driver poor behavior (reckless, speed, maneuvers)

    • Driver lack of competence

    • Driver fatigue

    • Driver loss of concentration (stress, alcohol, distracted, etc.)

    • Driver physical fitness

    • Driver poor vision

  • Animals (camels, goats, donkeys)

  • Behavior of pedestrians


Defensive driving training

Road Safety Controls: The other road users

  • GCC Road Safety Week Campaign (17-24/March) PDO+ Shell/BP/Al-Maha stations

  • “Formulating National Road Safety Plan” workshop: April

  • Interior awareness campaigns: Wiliyats, LLCs

  • DDC: Defensive Driving Course for our drivers


Defensive driving training

Changing driving environment: Oman and PDO

  • More vehicles in Oman:

    1980: 100.000 Veh400 Fatalities

    1990: 225.000 Veh. 375 Fatalities

    2000: 500.000 Veh. 600 Fatalities

  • More blacktop in PDO (and Oman):

    1990: 60 km Blacktop (Fahud - Yibal)

    2000: 500 km BlacktopAll centres accessible by blacktop (except: Lekhwair)


Defensive driving training

Road Safety 2000/01: 40% of LTI’s, 90% of Fatalities

2000/01 RTA’s with fatalities:

1) Pedestrian hit by LCB-Top #

2) OTW canter hits truckB-Top #

3) Veritas diesel-tanker down jebelB-Top #

4) Damac rolloverB-Top #

5) Head-on Canter/LC at 200 km/hr (2 dead) B-Top #

6) Rollover MCC (Heart-Attack?)Graded

7) Pedestrian hit at Al KhuwairB-Top #

8) Head-on LC/Truck (2 dead)B-Top #

9) Unauthorized Eid Journey (2 dead)B-Top #

10) T-junction: Truck hits pick-up (2 dead)B-Top #

11) Head-on Patrol/TruckB-Top #

#: Defensive Driving/Behavior could have made the difference


Defensive driving training

RTA analysis: problem areas

Played role in acc no:

  • Young inexperienced drivers3x

  • Other road users 5x

  • Defensive driving 10x

  • Blacktop instead of graded road 10x

    Better Defensive Driving skills / Behavior

    awareness could have mitigated these incidents


Defensive driving training

OLD PDO Driver Training:

  • Coast:

    • Only for young drivers (below 25 yrs): 8 hrs defensive driving

    • Others: None

    • No medical checks (vision/reactions)

  • Interior:

    • 8 hrs “Interior Driver Skills” course every 3 years

    • No medical testing (vision/reactions)

    • Strong emphasis on “graded/off road”

  • Problems:

    • Does not address the changed environment

    • Too infrequent

    • Concentrates on “skills” rather than “behaviour/attitude”

    • No/very little competence assurance


Defensive driving training

Driver Competence Assurance Redesign: timing

  • Data collection phase, options review Sept/00

  • Workshop with NSC + Tr Inst’s reps Oct/00

  • Complete new concept + implications Nov/00

  • Director endorsementframework Nov & March

  • Courses detailed design Jan-April

  • Stakeholder consultation 11/March

  • Train the trainers (NTI/OTI/TATI) May-June

  • Modify training contracts April-June

  • Implement new program 1/July


Defensive driving training

Defensive Driving Course (DDC) development:

  • Defensive Driving Modules:

    • Base design as per NSC (National Safety Council, International SC)

    • Heavily emphasise behaviour/attitude change of driver

    • Teach Defensive Driving techniques

    • “Omanise” with major input from OTI/NTI/TATI

    • Accreditation of training providers by NSC

    • 3 days “Train the Trainers” and accreditation by NSC

  • Why NSC?

    • Common “standard” by all training providers

    • External accreditation of Local Companies by recognised body

    • Non-commercial entity: low cost material and updates

    • Internationally recognised as one of the leaders in Defensive Driving

    • Since 1963: 45 million people trained


Defensive driving training

Principles Behind New Programme:

  • Shift emphasis to defensive driving techniques

  • Incorporate attitude and behavioural aspects

  • Harness strengths of existing courses and combine with expertise from international organisation

  • Ensure courses meet needs of entire target audience

  • Build in robust and consistent practical assessment


Defensive driving training

AIM OF THE

DEFENSIVE DRIVING COURSE:

To minimise death, injury and damage resulting from Road Traffic Incidents


Defensive driving training

  • Basic Starting program:

  • 2 Day DDC :one off (no renewal)

  • 1/2 Day Graded/Off-Road:one off (no renewal)Assessment/Refresher program:

  • Yearly Professional Assessment Drive (1 to 1) Only for those that have attended the DDC

  • Failed assessment: go back to DDC

    For future review:

  • Option of “Supervisory Assessment”: Q1/2002

  • Refresher for DDC (after 3 yrs ??):Q1/2003


Driver competence assurance framework

Driver Competence Assurance Framework

DDC Light Vehicle Blacktop Roads

2 days (one off)

DDC Heavy Vehicle Blacktop Roads

2 days (one off)

Bus1/2 day(one off)

Graded1/2 day(one off)

Tanker1/2 day(one off)

+

Yearly: Professional Assessment Drive Test on knowledge of PDO-Rules


Defensive driving course structure

Defensive Driving Course Structure

Day 1 (class room)

Module:

  • Hearts and Minds

  • Driver Condition

  • Common Driving Errors

  • The Driving Environment

  • See and Survive

  • Vehicle Control

  • The Driving Plan

  • Vehicle Safety Systems

Day 2 (class/road)

Module:

  • Before You Drive

  • Demonstration Drive

  • Seat Belt Convincer

  • Tutored Driving Practice

  • Practical Assessment

  • Driver Commitment (includes written/oral test)


Defensive driving training

Classroom Instruction


Defensive driving training

Vision testing


Defensive driving training

Vehicle Check


Defensive driving training

Roll-oversimulator


Defensive driving training

Demonstration-driveby instructor

Tutored driveAssessment drive


Defensive driving training

Defensive Driving Course Practical Assessment:

  • In car checks

  • Observation / scanning / use of mirrors

  • Hazard awareness

  • Speed and Distance

  • Information (given/taken)

  • Junctions

  • Stopped in traffic

  • Positioning

  • Braking

  • Gear

  • Acceleration

  • Leaves way out


Defensive driving training

Estimated number of drivers

PDO and Contractors:

Light Blacktop 10,000 Heavy Goods2,700

Light Grd/Off-Road 7,000Buses 400

Tankers 400


Defensive driving training

WWW site with all details on DDC:

  • http://www.pdo.co.om/hseforcontractors/

  • http://www.pdo.co.om/hseforcontractors/dts/ddc/ddchome.htm

    • Username: pdohse01

    • Password: contrator01


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