Problems. Millions of gallons of sewage are dumped into the river. Chemicals from agricultural runoff and industrial wastes (Nitrogen from fertilizers and arsenic from industry are the leading pollutants). Problems. Many species of plants and animals along the river are disappearing.
However, the pollution continues to worsen in “China’s Toilet Bowl”
Real solution: Education
Poor urban drainage
Building of dams
Inadequate town planning
When you alter the land the water is not able to go where it is supposed to go, which in turn develops into a flood!
Breaking of the levees
Towns established in flood plains
FLOODING (in China) !!!!
Air Pollution in China
Air Pollution in India
animal dung or coal as fuel
Few environmental standards enforced
HUGE numbers of cars on the roads
Cancer- leading cause of death
1% of air is classified as safe to breathe by European Standards
Dissolving of limestone buildings
“At the junction of Ningxia province and Inner Mongolia province, I saw a tall chimney puffing out golden smoke covering the blue sky, large tracts of the grassland have become industrial waste dumps; unbearable foul smell made people want to cough; Surging industrial sewage flowed into the Yellow River…”
Fan Jai Zhuang in Anyang City, Henan province, there is only one wall separating this village from the steelmaking furnaces. The villagers live in this heavily polluted environment where the village is under the iron rain every day. March 24, 2008
Shizuishan Industrial district in Ningxia province, the tall chimneys spitted out smoke and dust. Residents took preventive measure for the falling dust from the sky when going outside. April 22, 2006
In Inner Mongolia there were 2 “black dragons” from the Lasengmiao Power Plantcovering the nearby villages. July 26, 2005
Zhaozhuang village by the Hong River in Wugang City, Henan province, 66-year-old Zhao Bingkun suffering from esophageal cancer since 2004, after the second surgery, treatment cost already have reached over 200,000 yuan. His condition is in late stage, he is having fever everyday, waiting for death. April 7, 2009
People form Fanjiazhuang are ready to submit a complain filled with their fingerprints, to seek compensation for pollution damages. March 19, 2008
Chinese factories violate air pollution guidelines
Yutian, Hebei province: Cyclists ride through a cloud of pollution produced by a nearby factory.
Vehicles and industry emissions
Old diesel engines- lack of emissions
Cremations- use of butter ghee
Lack of pollution standards
50% of children suffer from Asthma.
Respiratory and cardiovascular problems
Rice & wheat are leading agricultural products in India!
This was India’s attempt to modernize Indian agriculture1) Continued expansion of farming areas
2) Double cropping existing farmlands
3) Using seeds with improved genetics
The area of land under cultivation was being increased right from 1947.
This was not enough in meeting with rising demand.
Other methods were required. Yet, the expansion of cultivable land also had to continue.
So, the Green Revolution continued with this quantitative expansion of farmlands.
Double-cropping was a primary feature of the Green Revolution.
Instead of one crop season per year, the decision was made to have two crop seasons per year.
The one-season-per-year practice was based on the fact that there is only natural monsoon per year. This was correct. So, there had to be two "monsoons" per year. One would be the natural monsoon and the other an artificial 'monsoon.'
New types of seeds and grains were introduced
Indian Council for Agricultural Research
Developed new strains of high yield value (HYV) seeds, mainly wheat and rice but also millet and corn.
Pesticides and fertilizers were made available… YIKES!
The chemicals the farmers used increased pollution in streams and rivers.
Some farmers found the new techniques too expensive to use!
What is the introduction of harmful substances into the environment called?
Another name for the Yangtze River?
T/F- Yangtze River was named one of the busiest waterways in the world?
Name one cause of pollution in the Yangtze River
What does the Ganges River provide to Northern India?
Name one effect of pollution in the Ganges River
One cause of air pollution in China
T/F- Dams cause flooding in India?
What group developed strains of high yield value seeds?