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Problems?. Any hiccups, glitches, snags, hitches, drawbacks or dilemmas – contact Phil: www.vso-qybe.weebly.com (via Contact Us page). to English Language Improvement Training 英语语言技能提升培训 VSO and Qingyang Education Bureau VSO- 庆阳市教育局 ’You’ll soon be talking the hind legs off a donkey!’.

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Problems

Problems?

Any hiccups, glitches, snags, hitches, drawbacks or dilemmas – contact Phil:

www.vso-qybe.weebly.com

(via Contact Us page)


Problems

to

English Language Improvement Training英语语言技能提升培训

VSO and Qingyang Education Bureau

VSO-庆阳市教育局

’You’ll soon be talking the hind legs off a donkey!’


Problems

Your Training Team: 培训团队成员:

???

???

???

???

???


Problems

VSO英国海外志愿者服务社

介绍VSO以及服务目标

  • 英国海外志愿者服务社是一个国际发展慈善机构VSO is an international development charity

  • 英国海外志愿者服务社通过志愿者行动消除贫困VSO works through volunteers to fight global poverty and disadvantage

  • 志愿者与当地同事和社区共同合作分享技能改善生活Volunteers work with colleagues and communities to share skills and achieve positive change together


2 pronunciation

2. Pronunciation语音

Aims of session 培训目标

To raise your awareness of the role of pronunciation in English learning

提升英语学习中语音的作用


Pronunciation

Pronunciation语音

Alphabet Game

(in the corridor)


Agree or disagree

Agree or Disagree?同意或不同意?

  • You need to know phonetics* to learn English 学习英语需要掌握音标

  • Poor pronunciation can cause problems in the other skills 发音不到位会影响其它技能的发展

  • Older learners need to learn good pronunciation but it is not important for younger learners 语言学习者需要掌握良好的发音,但是对于初学者发音不是很重要。

  • Accuracy in pronunciation is very important 发音的准确性是非常重要的

  • There is one kind of standard English and everyone must learn this way of speaking 只有一种标准的英语,每个人必须学习这一种标准英语。

    * Phonetics is the study of the production and perception of speech sounds语音是音位发音和音位感知的研究


3 phonemes

3. Phonemes音素

Aims of session

培训目标

To help you improve your pronunciation of English phonemes 提高教师英语音素的发音


Phonemic symbols

Phonemic Symbols 音标

æ

a:ʌ ɒɔ:

ɜ: ə

eI aIɔI əʊ

aʊ eə ʊə

i: I e

p b t d

k g m

ŋ f v θ

s z ʃ

h

j

n

ʊ

u:

ð

ʒ

r l

w


Phonemic s ounds

Phonemic Sounds音标的发音

i:

I

e

u:

v

window

θ

ʊ

think

read

w

l

r

n

ŋ

f

sit

leave

book

men

read

church

no

here

judge

sing

ʒ

too

casual

five

ð

the

very


Snakes ladders game

Snakes & Ladders Game蛇梯游戏

  • Throw the die (摇色子)

  • Move your counter (挪动你的筹码)

  • Think of a word and say it (想一个单词并说出来)

  • Go up ladders and down snakes when you land on them (碰到梯子时向上爬,碰到蛇时往下降)


Phoneme swatting game

Phoneme Swatting Game音素拍打游戏

Please cast your gaze towards the white board…


Random phonemes game

Random Phonemes Game常见的音素游戏

w

I

i:

ŋ

n

e

ʒ

l

r

ð


Getting your mords wixed up

休息

Getting your mords wixed up!

大声阅读下列文章,读完全文,中间不要停下来。

Aoccdrnig to a rscheearch at an Elingsh uinervtisy, it deosn't mttaer in waht oredr the ltteers in a wrod are, the olny iprmoetnt tihng is that frist and lsat ltteer is at the rghit pclae. The rset can be a total mses and you can sitll raed it wouthit porbelm. Tihs is bcuseae we do not raed ervey lteter by itslef but the wrod as a wlohe


4 consonant clusters

4. Consonant Clusters辅音连缀

Aims of session

培训目标

To understand what consonant clusters are and practice how to pronounce them

掌握辅音连缀的含义并且练习辅音连缀的发音


Initial consonant clusters

Initial Consonant Clusters词首辅音连缀

This is a group of consonants at the beginning of the word which has no vowel in between.

词首辅音连缀是单词前出现一组辅音字母,并且辅音字母之间没有元音。

For example: words which start with 例如:以以下连缀辅音开始的单词

/sp/ spoon/cr/ cricket

/sl/ slow/tr/ travel


Initial consonant practice

Initial Consonant Practice词首辅音练习

“The special spider wears spectacles in spring when playing sport”.

“The crazy, crying crocodile crashed into the crowd whilst drawing with his crayons”.


Make a tongue twister

Make a tongue-twister编绕口令

Make your own tongue-twister using one of these initial consonant clusters

利用以下两组中任何一组词首辅音连缀编绕口令。

/sl//tr/


Final consonant clusters

Final Consonant Clusters词尾辅音连缀

This is a group of consonants at the end of the word which has no vowel in between.

词尾辅音连缀是单词末尾出现一组辅音字母,并且辅音字母之间没有元音。

For example: words which end with 例如:以以下连缀辅音结尾的单词

/mp/ lamp

/ng/ long

/sp/ crisp


Final consonant practice

Final Consonant Practice以词尾辅音练习

‘Cluster Buster’

  • Throw the die. (旋转箭头)

  • Match a card to the ending selected (选出单词,使该单词词尾能够配上卡片)

  • Say the word (说出单词)


Final consonant problems

Final Consonant Problems词尾辅音发音所出现的问题

Certain final consonants are pronounced incorrectly by Chinese people. 中国人对于某些以辅音结尾的单词发音不正确

For example, words ending in: 例如,以下以辅音结尾的单词:

‘t’ e.g. wait

‘d’ e.g. good

‘p’ e.g. ship

‘n’ e.g. win

‘k’/’c’ e.g. music

Silent ‘e’ e.g. white

Plurals with ‘s’ e.g. dogs


Final t practice

Final ‘t’ practice

adult

appointment

pleasant


Final d practice

Final ‘d’ practice

afford

cupboard

flashcard

polluted


Final g practice

Final ‘g’ practice

dog

belong

spring

acting


Final p practice

Final ‘p’ practice

ship

sweep

soup


Final n practice

Final ‘n’ practice

alien

thin

pain


Final k c practice

Final ‘k/c’ practice

book

scientific

traffic


Final w practice

Final ‘w’ practice

how

know

now


Final s and plurals ending in s practice

Final ‘s’ (and plurals ending in ‘s’) practice

dishes

grass

miss


Final silent e sound practice

Final ‘silent “e” sound practice

white

aggressive

cause


Carousel game

Carousel Game


Dice game key

Dice Game Key

1 = t

2 = d

3 = n

4 = k/c

5 = Silent ‘e’

6 = ‘s’ and plurals with ‘s’


Final consonants in sentences

Final Consonants in Sentences句中词尾的辅音字母

The examples we have studied are common mispronunciations for Chinese speakers of English.

我们所学习的例子是中国英语学习者常见的错误

The general rule is not to emphasise or elongate any individual words, when said singularly or in sentences. ‘Run’ words together smoothly.

在读单词或是句子时,不要强调或拉长任何一个单词。流畅的读完句中的所有单词。

For example, ‘the dog sat down’

Should not be said ‘the dogger satter dang’

but rather like ‘the dogsatdown’


Problems

休息

www.vso-qybe.weebly.com


5 word stress

5. Word Stress单词重读

Aims of session

培训目标

To understand the basic rules of syllables and word stress

理解基本音节规则和单词重音


What is a syllable

What is a syllable?什么是音节

A syllable is the smallest sound people can make when they speak. Usually each letter makes a sound (phoneme), and a group of letters makes the block of sound (syllable). All wordsare made from at least one syllable

音节是人们在说话时能发出的最小的语音单位。通常一个字母有一个发音(音标),一组字母能组成一组发音(音节)。任何单词至少是由一个音节组成的

eye

butter

incredible

peanut

internet

unbelievable


What is a syllable1

What is a syllable?什么是音节

Christmas

when

better

banana

library

impossible

television

apple

antidisestablishment

university

photographic

geological


Syllable maze

Syllable Maze 重音 迷宫

Start

Finish


Stress rule 1 1

Stress Rule 1 重音规则 1

Stress on the first syllable

重音在第一个音节上

Most 2 syllable nouns and adjectives

have stress on the first syllable e.g.

大多数双音节名词和形容词重音在第一个音节例如

cabbage

pretty


Stress activity 1 1

Stress Activity 1重音练习1

Most 2 syllable nouns and adjectives

have stress on the first syllable

大多数双音节名词和形容词重音在第一个音节上

toothbrush

notebook

happy

colour

blackboard

boring


Stress rule 2 2

Stress Rule 2 重音规则2

Stress on the last syllable重音在最后一个音节

Most 2 syllable verbs have stress on the

last syllable e.g.

大多数双音节动词重音在最后一个音节上

produce

begin


Stress activity 2 2

Stress Activity 2 重音练习2

Most 2 syllable verbs have stress on the last syllable

大多数由双音节组成的动词,重音在最后一个音节上

decide

explain

collect

reduce

export

present


Stress rule 3 3

Stress Rule 3 重音规则 3

Stress on the penultimate syllable

重音在倒数第二个音节上的单词

Words ending in ‘ic’

e.g.static, realistic, photographic

Words ending in ‘sion’ and ‘tion’

e.g.television, solution


Stress rule 4 4

Stress Rule 4重音规则 4

Stress on the anti-penultimate syllable重音在倒数第三个音节上的单词

Words ending in ‘cy’, ‘ty’, ‘phy’ and ‘gy’

e.g.currency, activity, photography, biology

Words ending in ‘al’

e.g.critical,geological


Activity 3 3

Activity 3 练习3

toothbrush

activity

photography

boring

explain

television

solution

decide


6 intonation

6. Intonation音调

Aims of session

培训目标

To understand intonation and how and when it is used

理解语调的用法


What is intonation

What is intonation?什么是语调

Intonation is how the tone of your voice during a sentence. This changes depending on the meaning you want to convey

语调是指在陈述一个句子的时候,说话的口气是怎样升降的。这种升降调的变化是根据句意的改变而改变的

rises

or

falls


Intonation role play

Intonation Role-play音调 角色扮演

Sabine says: "Hello" to a friend she sees every day

Sabine says:"Hello" to an old friend she has not met in 8 years

Sabine says: "Hello" to a colleague at 4am on a cold, dark, wet November morning


Intonation practice

Intonation Practice 语调联系

‘Good morning’

‘Good bye’

  • To an old friend you have not met in 8 years 对一个8年未见的朋友说

  • To a friend you see every day对一个每天见面的朋友说

  • To a colleague at 4am on a cold, dark, wet November morning在11月的一个阴冷,潮湿,黑暗的的早晨4点钟,对你的同事说。


General intonation rules

General Intonation Rules音调的基本规则

  • Rising tone is usually used when asking ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ questions and to express surprise

    升调一般用来问简单疑问句以表达出乎意料的意思

    2. Falling tone is used for normal sentences, commands and ‘Wh’ questions

    降调用于陈述句,祈使句和特殊疑问句


Intonation examples

Intonation Examples 音调示例

eat.

1. A: I don’t want anything to

B:

2. A: Can I borrow some

B:

  • A: Who’s

    B: It’s

    4. A: Is that

    B: No,

No?

money?

No!

that?

Whose

that?

Maureen.

Maureen?

it isn’t.


Intonation awareness 2 2

Intonation Awareness 2音调的重要性 2

‘English is fun’ 英语很有趣

  • Say as a command 说祈使句

  • Ask a “yes/no” question 问一般疑问句

  • Ask a “wh” or “how” question 问特殊疑问句


Problems

休息

www.vso-qybe.weebly.com


7 pronunciation practice

7. Pronunciation Practice发音练习

Aims of session

培训目标

To practice your English pronunciation

练习英语发音


Tongue twisters 1 1

Tongue-Twisters 1 绕口令1

Three thin thieves thought a thousand thoughts. Now, if three thin thieves thought a thousand thoughts, how many thoughts did each thief think?

I’m very wary of very scary films


Tongue twisters 2 2

Tongue-Twisters 2 绕口令 2

Around the rugged rocks, the ragged rascals ran

Red lorry, yellow lorry, red lorry, yellow lorry


Pronunciation bingo

Pronunciation Bingo! 发音

met shipvery feet ferry

sheep sink usually leisure

meet spoon photograph visited

September produce photographic

older old television thirteen

thirty think London shop chop


Minimal pairs

Minimal Pairs 近音词

‘Minimal Pairs’ are pairs of words which differin pronunciation inone part, but have the same pronunciation in others.

For example:

‘近音词’是指一对单词中有一部分发音不同,另一部分发音相同的单词

sheepand ship

or

liceand rice


Minimal pairs1

Minimal Pairs近音词


Minimal pairs telephone numbers

Minimal PairsTelephone Numbers近音词 电话号码

0 = ship

1 = sheep

2 = fool

3 = full

4 = chip

5 = cheap

6 = sit

7 = seat

8 = leave

9 = live


Silent speaking

Silent Speaking默读

ship - sheep

very - ferry

met - meet

fool - full

chip - cheap

sleep - slip

met - meet

head - hid


8 miscellaneous

8. Miscellaneous 资料库

Aims of session

培训目标

To help you further improve your pronunciation

帮助你进一步提高发音

To encourage you and your students to use more English in lessons

鼓励你和你的学生在课堂上尽量使用英语


Useful websites

Useful Websites 有用的网页

www.learnenglish.de/Lots of pages with useful tips, quizzes, etc.

有用的小技巧,智力游戏,小测验等

http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/

Click on “Listen live” and listen to English news items using this radio station点击“直播”,通过广播电台听英语新闻


Useful websites1

Useful Websites 有用的网页

www.skype.tom.com

Software allowing free telephone (video)

calls between computers

www.pps.tv/bd/hz/index.htm

Software allowing you to watch movies in

English & Chinese (with subtitles)

www.vso-qybe.weebly.com

Qingyang Basic Education resources and

information, etc.


Useful classroom language

Useful Classroom Language 有用的课堂语言

Common English words/phrases for English teachers 适用于英语老师的常见英语短语

Teacher Target Language

老师的目标语言

Well done

Guess!

Please repeat

True or False?

I need a volunteer

Let’s play a game!

Stop and listen

Student Target Language

学生的目标语言

Can I try?

I understand

I don’t understand

Good morning Miss/Mr…

Good afternoon Miss/Mr…


9 plenary evaluation

9. Plenary & Evaluation总结 & 评估

Aims of session

培训目标

To review the course content

复习讲课内容

To complete the evaluation form

完成评估表


Evaluation

Evaluation 评估

Are there any other topics you think should be included in this English Language Improvement Training?


Problems

一起协作

Mistakes are useful…

if you don’t make mistakes, how will you learn?


Did you know

Did you know…?

  • A shrimp's heart is in its head. 虾的心在头上

  • It is physically impossible for pigs to look up into the sky. 根据自然规律,猪是无法抬头看到天空的。

  • More than 50% of the people in the world have never made or received a telephone call. 世界上50%以上的人没有打过或接过电话。Horses can't vomit. 马不会呕吐

  • The "sixth sick sheik's sixth sheep's sick" is said to be the toughest tongue twister in the English language. 英语中最难的绕口令是“生病的六酋长的第六只羊生病了”

  • If you sneeze too hard, you can fracture a rib. If you try to suppress a sneeze, you can rupture a blood vessel in your head or neck and die. If you keep your eyes open by force, they can pop out. 如果打喷嚏很厉害,有可能会折断一根肋骨。如果压制了打喷嚏,会导致头部或脖子的血管破裂死亡。如果强迫睁开自己的眼睛,眼珠子有可能会跳出来。

  • Rats multiply so quickly that in 18 months, two rats could have over a million descendants. 老鼠繁殖及其迅速,两只可在18个月繁殖1 000 000只后代。

  • Wearing headphones for just an hour will increase the bacteria in your ear by 700 times. 戴一小时耳机会在耳朵里增加700倍的细菌。

  • A duck's quack doesn't echo, and no one knows why. 鸭子的叫声没有回音,并且没人能够做一解释。

  • 23% of all photocopier faults worldwide are caused by people sitting on them and photocopying their butts. 世界上23%复印机的问题是由于人们坐在复印机上复印他们的屁股而造成的。

  • Most lipstick contains fish scales. 许多唇膏含有鱼鳞。

  • Like fingerprints, everyone‘s tongue print is different. 跟指纹一样,每个人都有不同的舌纹。


Primary slides

Primary Slides

The next few slides are ‘replacements’ for slides 21-29 when ELIT is delivered to primary school teachers


Final t practice1

Final ‘t’ practice

adult

appointment

pleasant


Final t practice2

Final ‘t’ practice

wait

cat

elephant


Final d practice1

Final ‘d’ practice

red

hand

bird

bread


Final g practice1

Final ‘g’ practice

big

bag

leg

dog


Final p practice1

Final ‘p’ practice

ship

sweep

soup


Final n practice1

Final ‘n’ practice

brown

thin

fun


Final k c practice1

Final ‘k/c’ practice

book

work

traffic


Final w practice1

Final ‘w’ practice

how

know

tomorrow


Final s and plurals ending in s practice1

Final ‘s’ (and plurals ending in ‘s’) practice

dishes

grass

miss


Final silent e sound practice1

Final ‘silent “e” sound practice

white

kite

bike


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