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ALCOHOL. Mr. Korn Health Grade 10. Objectives. Describe how alcohol acts as a depressant in the body. Identify three major factors that influence underage drinking. Show respect to your classmates and teacher by following all the classroom rules and procedures. . Warm-Up.

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Mr. Korn


Grade 10

  • Describe how alcohol acts as a depressant in the body.
  • Identify three major factors that influence underage drinking.
  • Show respect to your classmates and teacher by following all the classroom rules and procedures.
warm up
  • Complete warm-up on page 374
  • Drug – is a chemical substance that is taken to cause changes in a person’s body or behavior.
  • Depressant – is a drug that slows brain and body reactions.
  • Fermentation – the process that creates alcohol, in which microorganisms called yeast feed on sugars
  • Zero-Tolerance Policy – a policy that enforces strict consequences for underage drinking.
facts a bout alcohol
Facts About Alcohol
  • Class Discussion
    • Why is alcohol classified as a drug?
      • It is a chemical substance that changes behavior.
    • What type of effects does alcohol have on the body and brain?
      • A depressant effect
        • Confusion
        • Decreased alertness
        • Poor coordination
        • Blurred vision
        • Drowsiness
alcohol content
Alcohol Content
  • To Calculate Alcohol Content:

Multiply drink volume by percent alcohol.


Wine – 5-oz wine x 0.10 = 0.5-oz of alcohol/ounce of wine

Beer – 12-oz x .04 = 0.5-oz of alcohol/ounce of beer

Liquor – 1.25-oz x .10 = 0.5-oz of alcohol/ounce of liquor

Beverages with greater percentage of alcohol, such as whiskey, gin, and rum list their proof on the label. 100-proof vodka is 50% alcohol

alcohol content cont
Alcohol Content Cont.
  • Discussion Question:
    • Of the different kinds of drinks, Which drink causes intoxication in the smallest amount?
      • Liquor
    • Math Question:
      • How much alcohol is in an 18-oz of beer?
        • 18-oz x 0.04 = 0.72-oz of alcohol per ounce of beer
teens and alcohol
Teens and Alcohol
  • Influence of Peers
    • How do your Peers/Classmates influence your decision to drink? Negative and Positive
    • Writing Assignment: Connect to your Life
      • How can you and your friends help each other avoid alcohol?
  • Influence of Family
    • How can your family influence your decision to drink? Negative and Positive
  • Influence of Media
    • Media Wise on page 376
    • Journal Writing from Media Wise page 376
health and legal risks
Health and Legal Risks
  • Being injured or being in a motor vehicle crash
  • Committing or being the victim of sexual assault or other violence.
  • Long-term brain damage
  • Problems with alcohol later in life
  • Suspension from school, sports teams, or other school activities
  • Seizer of cars if in possession
  • Driver’s license taken away
  • Buying for a minor comes with penalties as well.
alcohol s effects on the body
Alcohol’s Effects on the Body
  • Objectives:
  • Summarize the effects of intoxication on the body systems.
  • List four factors that affect blood alcohol concentration.
  • Identify three ways that intoxication may lead to death.
v ocabulary
  • Intoxication – is the state in which a person’s mental and physical abilities are impaired by alcohol or another substance.
  • Blackout – is a period of time that the drinker cannot recall.
  • Blood Alcohol Concentration – the amount of alcohol in a person’s blood, expressed as a percentage.
  • Hangover – a term used to describe the after-effects of drinking to much alcohol.
  • Driving while intoxicated – the charge given to a driver over age 21 caught driving with a BAC of .08 or higher and under 21 with any BAC.
  • Overdose – the consequence of taking an excessive amount of a drug that leads to a coma or death.
  • Binge drinking - the consumption of excessive amounts of alcohol at one sitting.
physical and behavioral effects
Physical and Behavioral Effects
  • Effects on the body system:
    • What happens when people drink alcohol faster than the body can break it down?
      • Intoxication
  • Effects on Behavior:
    • Fighting
    • Outgoing
    • Blackout

Writing assignment –

Think of a movie or book in which a character became intoxicated. Describe the effects.

blood alcohol concentration
Blood Alcohol Concentration
  • Factors Affecting BAC:
    • Rate of Consumption
    • Gender
    • Body Size
    • Amount of Food in the Stomach
  • After Drinking Ends:
    • What happens to BAC when a person stops drinking?
      • Decreases
    • What is the term used for when a person starts to feel normal after drinking?
      • Sobering up or becoming sober
  • Hangovers:
    • Symptoms include nausea, upset stomach, headache, and sensitivity to noise.
life threatening effects
Life-Threatening Effects
  • Motor Vehicle Crashes:
    • Driving Under the Influence
    • Zero-Tolerance Laws
  • Overdose – AKA Alcohol Poison
    • Binge Drinking
  • Interactions With Other Drugs
    • Some drugs react differently with alcohol
      • Ex. Taking another depressant with alcohol will cause drastic changes in the body.
      • Slow breathing and heart rates.
long term risks of alcohol
Long-Term Risks of Alcohol
  • Objectives:
  • Identify five serious physical effects of long-term alcohol abuse.
  • Describe the three stages of alcoholism.
  • List in order three steps taken during recovery from alcholism.
damage to the body
Damage to the Body
  • Brian Damage
    • Destroy nerve cells that can not grow back
    • Impaired memory
    • Ability to concentrate
    • Make sound judgments
  • Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
    • Heart defects, malformed faces, delayed growth, poor motor development, and mental retardation.
    • Drinking while pregnant is the leading preventable cause of mental retardation.
  • Liver Damage
    • Blocks ability to break down fat
    • Heavy drinking causes the liver to fill with fat which blocks blood flow in liver.
    • Liver cells die leaving behind useless scar tissue called cirrhosis.
  • Heart Disease
    • Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the US. Causes increased blood pressure and heart rate, irregular heartbeat and build up of fatty deposits around the heart
  • Digestive Problems
    • Cancers of the mouth, tongue, and stomach
    • Recurring diarrhea
    • Chronic indigestion, heartburn or ulcers
  • Changes to the Brian
    • Tolerance
    • Dependence
    • Addiction
  • Who is at Risk?
    • Anyone
    • 4-5 times greater in children of alcoholics
stages of alcoholism
Stages of Alcoholism
  • Stage 1 – Problem Drinking
    • Starts out as social drinker
    • Turns to drinking to relieve stress
  • Stage 2 – Absolute Dependence
    • Dependent on drug
    • Can’t stop after 1
  • Stage 3 – Late Stage of Alcoholism
    • Lose mental, emotional, and physical health
    • Reverse tolerance
effects on others
Effects on Others
  • Alcohol related crimes, medical expenses, injuries, lost production at work and treatment programs cost the US between 100 and 200 billion dollars per year.
  • Involved in about 150,000 deaths per year.
  • Verbal and Physical abuse to family.
treating alcoholism
Treating Alcoholism
  • Acknowledging the Problem
  • Detoxification
  • Rehabilitation
  • Support Groups
choosing not to drink
Choosing Not to Drink
  • Objectives:
    • Evaluate how refusal skills help you stick to your decision not to drink
    • Identify two benefits of avoiding situations where alcohol is present.
abstaining from alcohol
Abstaining from Alcohol
  • Prepare for pressure
    • 1. What are some reasons why you would not drink?
    • 2. How do you make sure you come across confident in your decision?
    • 3. What situation will you find the most pressure?
    • 4. Why are your friends pressuring you to drink?
    • 5. Who else can help you stick to your decision?
  • Stick to your decision
avoiding high pressure situations
Avoiding High-Pressure Situations
  • Alternatives to Parties
  • Refusing Rides From Drinkers
group work
Group Work
  • Get into a group of four (4). I will now read you 5 questions. In your group discuss these questions and come up with a final answer. I will then call on a group to share their answer with the class.
  • Go back to your desks and now work on Chapter 15 Review. You will complete sections 1 and 2. Keep your work because you will answer 3 and 4 on Friday. This will be handed in as an assignment. For the critical thinking questions write at least 1 paragraph.