02 22 2012 psyc 2050
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02/22/2012 PSYC 2050:. ALCOHOL. Some background questions. Turn on your I-clickers! 1. Are you 21 years old or older? A = Yes, B = No 2. Anonymous: Have you ever had an alcoholic drink? A = Yes, B = No. GSU Arrests in the Past 3 Years. Alcohol U.S. Policy.

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ALCOHOL

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02 22 2012 psyc 2050

02/22/2012 PSYC 2050:

ALCOHOL


Some background questions

Some background questions

  • Turn on your I-clickers!

  • 1. Are you 21 years old

    or older?

    • A = Yes, B = No

  • 2. Anonymous:

    Have you ever had an alcoholic drink?

    • A = Yes, B = No


Gsu arrests in the past 3 years

GSU Arrests in the Past 3 Years


Alcohol u s policy

Alcohol U.S. Policy

  • “U.S. Drug Policy is Complex”

  • 1851-1855 Prohibition laws in 13 states

    • 1868 Repealed in 9 states

  • 1880-1889 Prohibition laws in 7 states

    • 1896 Repealed in 4 states

  • 1907-1919 Prohibition laws in 34 states

    • 1917: 64% of the population in “dry territory”

    • 1920 National Prohibition

      • 1933 Repeal


Alcohol violence

Alcohol & Violence

  • “All behavior has a physiological cause”

  • Correlation with homicide

  • Correlation with domestic violence

  • 1/3 of all suicides

  • Alcohol reduces your inhibition…

    • Alcohol Myopia Theory

    • Cognitive Scripts Theory


Alcohol the media

Alcohol & the Media


Alcohol the media1

Alcohol & the Media

  • Alcohol = cool, alcohol = sexy


Alcohol social situations

Alcohol & Social Situations

  • “Drugs are Drugs”

  • BAC = 0.05

    • Lowered alertness

    • Good feeling

    • Release of inhibitions

    • Decreased anxiety

    • Impaired judgment

    • Less critical thinking


Alcohol sex

Alcohol & Sex


Alcohol sex1

Alcohol & Sex

  • “Nothing is Safe”

  • Sexuality becomes less inhibited or enhanced?

  • Women who have been drinking = more sexual and sexually available?

  • Placebo arousal

  • Unprotected sex

  • High BAC & no erection

  • Chronic abuse & impotence


Black outs brown outs

Black Outs & Brown Outs

  • Black outs=

    Not remembering anything at all.

  • Brown outs =

    Remembering once your friends remind you


Hangovers

Hangovers

  • Upset stomach

    • Alcohol is a gastric irritant

  • Fatigue

    • Your blood sugar has gone down

  • Headache

    • Accumulation of acetaldehyde

  • Thirst

    • Cellular dehydration

  • General Malaise

    / “I’m never drinking ever again” feeling


Calculate your bac

Calculate your BAC!

  • Blood Alcohol Concentration

    • Alcohol intake

    • Weight

    • Sex (Male / Female)

      • Females have higher content of body fat

  • http://bloodalcoholcalculator.org/

  • http://www.intox.com/drinkwheel.aspx

  • http://www.ou.edu/oupd/bac.htm

  • http://www.rupissed.com/ ***


Do you have a drinking problem

Do you have a drinking problem?

  • During the last year have you had a feeling of guilt or remorse after drinking?

  • During the last year has a friend or a family member ever told you about things you said or did while you were drinking that you could not remember?

  • During the last year have you failed to do what was normally expected from your because of drinking?

  • Do you sometimes take a drink when you first get up in the morning?

    (C.J. Cherpitel’s “Brief Screening Instrument for Alcohol Dependence in the Emergency Room”)


Alcoholics anonymous

Alcoholics Anonymous

  • We admitted we were powerless over alcohol…

  • We came to believe that a Power greater than ourselves could restore us to sanity/

  • We made a decision to turn our will and our lives over to the care of God…

  • We made a searching and fearless moral inventory of ourselves.

  • We admitted to God, to ourselves, and to another human being the exact nature of our wrongs.

  • We were entirely ready to have God remove all these defects of character.


Other roads to rehabilitation

Other Roads to Rehabilitation

  • 95% experience mild to moderate withdrawal symptoms

    • Can be treated on an outpatient basis

  • 5% experience severe withdrawal symptoms

    • Should be treated in a hospital or detox facility.

      • Detoxification

  • Antabuse, Naltrexone, Campral


Have a safe spring break

Have a SAFE Spring Break!

  • If you are going to drink alcohol, pace yourself, know your limits, know the law and be careful.

  • Please don’t drink and drive.

  • If you are going to have sex, make sure it’s consensual, and use protection.


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