ANIMAL WELFARE. ELISTA Education 2011. The Freedom from Hunger & Thirst. Freedom from Hunger and Thirst. Doing little harm, but little good. No provision of Freedom. Optimal Welfare. Dehydrated Starved Malnourished. Good quality balanced diet appropriate to specie and life stage
ELISTA Education 2011
The Freedom from Hunger & Thirst
Doing little harm, but little good
No provision of Freedom
Poor quality/less appropriate food
Potentially prevent freedom from pain, injury and disease
Is made up of essential “nutrients” which allow the body of an animal to function and be maintained at the level appropriate to that individuals live stage or activity level.
Nutrient=“source of nourishment…”
To Nourish=“To provide…necessary for life and growth”
e.g Phe= Phenylalanine
There are both ‘essential’ and ‘non-essential’ amino acids. Essential amino acids must be provided in the diet as not made in the body, non-essential amino acids are made through essential ones.
Essential amino acids are required for protein synthesis (production of all cell tissue +DNA)
The pancreas varies in size and in proportion to the rest of the animal depending on specie and gives an indication to the protein requirements.
Excess protein can promote fast growth rate and possibly weight gain. Poor quality Protein can be converted to energy
Generally categorised as HIGH biological value (HBV) or LOW biological value (LBV) protein.
Typically meat= HBV
cereals, nuts, pulses=LBV
Exceptions e.g Soya.
HBV is easier to digest.
C, H, and O
e.g Glucose, Fructose, Galactose
e.g Sucrose, Maltose, Lactose
e.g Starch and Cellulose
Starch has a lot of ‘alpha’ joined glucose making it very soluble
Cellulose has a lot of ‘beta’ joined glucose. Only rumen/caecum micro organisms can break this down
Digestive systems of animals are adapted to break down the carbohydrates of their diet.
heart, nervous, digestive and immune
K2-Green Leafy Plants
Thiamine (B1), Riboflavin (B2), Folic Acid (B9)alsoB3,5,6,7,12
-Ca, P, K, Na, Cl, S, Mg
How do we know the feed we are providing is ‘balanced’?
We should aim to
same for our
Researching such as…
Nutritional science has made huge advancements in recent years. Science can guide us on:
…and so on!
As with many areas of science though, there are discrepancies and difference of opinion.
Nutrition and Feed companies invest huge amounts of time and money in research to try and offer products to the maximum number of consumers.
Skin and Hair
Our Own knowledge +
FOOD ANALYSIS FOR OUR OWN PET
We can further analyse by comparing.
& Dry matter
satiety (moisture levels in wet, kibble design in dry)
minimise muscle tissue loss
(Vitamin E and Taurine)
·Clinically proven nutrition to help dogs maintain a healthy weight
·High levels of carnitine to increase energy metabolism and burn fat while increasing lean muscle mass
·Moderately high fiber levels provide a feeling of fullness and may help reduce begging
·Helps stabilize and minimize fluctuation of blood glucose levels in diabetic dogs
Added antioxidants to control cell oxidation and promote a healthy immune system
Once kidney damage occurs, the consequences are usually irreversible.
Supreme VetCarePlus Urinary Tract Health Formula
Vital fatty acids for optimal levels of Omega-3 fatty acids to enhance overall mobility.
Omega-3 fatty acids plus Glucosamine & Chondroitin Sulfate from natural sources for key building blocks of healthy cartilage and joint function.
Vitamin C + E in optimal levels of clinically proven antioxidants for a healthy immune system.
High quality lean proteins, the building block for lean muscle and helping maintain ideal body composition.
High quality ingredients to ensures optimal nutrient absorption to keep your dog fit and healthy