anatomy and physiology
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Anatomy and Physiology. ANATOMY DEFINITIONS. MUSCLES - exert forces to create movement and to hold the body in various positions. BONES - provide the framework to which muscles, ligaments and tendons attach. LIGAMENTS - connect bone to bone. TENDONS - attach muscle to bone.

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Presentation Transcript
anatomy definitions
ANATOMY DEFINITIONS
  • MUSCLES- exert forces to create movement and to hold
  • the body in various positions.
  • BONES - provide the framework to which muscles,
  • ligaments and tendons attach.
  • LIGAMENTS - connect bone to bone.
  • TENDONS - attach muscle to bone.
  • NERVES - allow signals to be transmitted to and from
  • brain.
  • VEINS/ARTERIES (VASCULAR) - allow for proper
  • blood circulation.
overexertion injury types
Overexertion Injury Types
  • Strains
    • Muscles
    • Tendons
  • Sprains
    • Ligaments
  • Disc / Nerve
    • Prolapse or herniation of disc
    • Sciatic nerve
common ctd s
Common CTD’s
  • Tendonitis
  • Tenosynovitis
  • Trigger Finger
  • Epicondylitis
  • Thorasic Outlet Syndrome
  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
common upper extremity cumulative trauma disorders
Common Upper Extremity Cumulative Trauma Disorders

Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

Rotator Cuff Tendinitis

Bicipital Tenosynovitis

Radial Nerve

Lateral Epicondylitis

Median Nerve

Cubital Tunnel Syndrome

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Ulnar Nerve

Gaylon Tunnel Syndrome

muscular injuries
Muscular Injuries
  • Heal Quickly
    • Most muscle injuries heal within 10 days
  • Once Injured, can be as good as new
muscle blood usage
Muscle Blood Usage

Resting

Dynamic

Static

blood

flow

supplied

blood

flow

needed

blood

flow

supplied

blood

flow

needed

blood

flow

needed

blood

flow

supplied

the spine
The Spine

Cervical

Curve

Thoracic

Curve

Lumbar

Curve

spinal column

Spinal Column

Cervical Vertebrae

L = Lumbar

S = Sacrum

L1

Thoracic Vertebrae

L2

L3

L4

L5

S1

Lumbar Vertebrae

S2

S3

S4

S5

Sacrum

Coccyx

the spine1
The Spine

Top View

Side View

slide19

Structure of the Spine

Disc

Facet Joint

Soft Center

Outer Ring

Nerve Root

Vertebrae

the spine2
The Spine

Scar tissue from healing fractures

hinders passage of nutrients to

disc resulting in gradual weakening

and de-generation.

spinal discs under various loads
Spinal Discs Under Various Loads

Torsion Load

Normal Load

Additional Load

Uneven Load

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