The First World War:. US History. Timeline:. United States: 1914 – Hollywood, CA becomes the center of movie production in the US. 1915 – Alexander Graham Bell makes the first transcontinental telephone call. 1917 – The US Selective Service sets up the draft. World :
The First World War:
1914 – Hollywood, CA becomes the center of movie production in the US.
1915 – Alexander Graham Bell makes the first transcontinental telephone call.
1917 – The US Selective Service sets up the draft
1914 – Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife are assassinated.
1915 – Albert Einstein proposes his general theory of relativity.
1918 – The First World War ends.
Main Idea: As World War I intensified, the United States was forced to abandon its neutrality.
Why it Matters Now: The United States remains involved in European and world affairs.
No Man’s Land
Key Terms / Names:
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
European nations built large armies (especially Germany)
Other nations tried to keep up (naval power)
Allies, consisted of France, Britain, and Russia (US would join later)
Central Powers, consisted of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy
Nations around the world were overtaking weaker ones
Provided the resources to build a larger empire
National pride led to rivalries and conflicts between nations
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The conditions in these trenches were horrific; aside from the fear of bombardment, soldiers also had to contend with the mud, flooding and disease associated with living in such a harsh environment.
Gas attacks were common features of trench life and often caused blindness and lung disease
1. He tried to speak with German officials in hopes of peace (they ignored him)
2. 4 more American ships were sunk by U-boats
3. Germany was also trying to ally with Mexico and promised to give them back American lands in return for help (Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona) – The Zimmerman Note
Main Idea: The United States mobilized a large army and navy to help the Allies achieve victory.
Why it Matters Now: During World War I, the United States military evolved into the powerful fighting force that it remains today.
Selective Service Act
American Expeditionary Force
General John J. Pershing
Pershing wanted his troops to fight as “Americans” not as reserves for the British
Main Idea:World War I spurred social, political, and economic change in the United States.
Why it Matter Now: Such changes increased government powers and expanded economic opportunities.
War Industries Board
Espionage and Sedition Acts
Bernard M. Baruch
Should you be able to strike during war time?
Espionage and Sedition Acts - These acts were designed to prevent anti-war protests but went against the spirit of the First Amendment (Free speech)
Is it morally right to protest during war times?
Main Idea: European leaders opposed most of Wilson’s peace plan, and the US Senate failed to ratify the peace treaty.
Why it Matters Now: Many of the nationalist issues left unresolved after WW I continue to trouble the world today.
League of Nations
Treaty of Versailles
Wilson’s 14 pts. In his own shorthand
Treaty of Versailles