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Chapter 24 World War II. ?? - 1945. Chapter 24 Section 1. I can list the events that led to the outbreak of World War II. Reading: Pgs. 802 - 807. Bullet Points p. 795. Bullet Points: Pg.829. Read pgs. 770 - 775. Events. 1918 – World War I Armistice was not a world wide treaty

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Chapter 24 World War II

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Chapter 24 world war ii
Chapter 24World War II

?? - 1945


Chapter 24 section 1
Chapter 24 Section 1

I can list the events that led to the outbreak of World War II


Chapter 24 world war ii

Reading: Pgs. 802 - 807

Bullet Points p. 795

Bullet Points: Pg.829

Read pgs. 770 - 775


Events
Events

  • 1918 – World War I Armistice was not a world wide treaty

    • Germans punished and suffer from WWI

  • 1921 – World suffers post war recession

    • Adolf Hitler becomes the leader of the German Nazi Party



Italy
Italy

  • Economic and Social Problems cause unrest

  • 1922 – Benito Mussolini threatens to overthrow government

    How does the Italian government respond?


Italy1
Italy

  • Mussolini named “Prime Minister”

    • Creates World’s First Fascist Government


Fascism
Fascism

  • A political system based on militarism, extreme nationalism, and loyalty to the state and its leader.

    • The boss is always right

    • Superior nations must conquer and control weaker nations


Mussolini
Mussolini

  • Italy is superior to other countries

    • Return to the Roman Empire

  • Banned

    • Freedom of the Press

    • Other Political Parties

    • Jailed or Murdered Critics


Italy2
Italy

Problems

Government

Changes


Russia
Russia

Joseph Stalin and the Communist Party


Russia1
Russia

  • Communism created a totalitarian government in Russia

    • Totalitarian - Single Party System

  • Government controls farms, land, animals, and buisnesses

  • 4 million critics were executed or sent to prison camps (GULAGS)



Russia2
Russia

Problems

Government

Society


Germany
Germany

  • Economic struggles caused by WWI led to the rise of the Nazi Party and Adolf Hitler

  • Harsh treatment from WWI

    left many Germans unhappy

    with the World


Nazism
Nazism

  • Form of Fascism

  • Anti-Semitic

  • Germans are the Master Race

  • Believed WWI was lost because Jews and inferior people like Gypsies

  • Hitler uses this belief to his advantage


Adolf hitler
Adolf Hitler

  • Elected Chancellor in 1933

  • Political Parties Outlawed

  • Secret Police Enforce His Will


Jewish community in germany
Jewish Community in Germany

  • Blamed for social and economic issues

    • Scapegoat

  • Banned from professions

  • Community was attacked

  • Sent to slave labor camps


Germany1
Germany

Government

Society


Japan
Japan

  • Japan’s economy struggles following WWI

  • Japan felt that they need space

  • 1936 – Militarists take control


Japan s military aggression
Japan’s Military Aggression

  • Believed they were superior

    • Racist

  • Aggression – Warlike actions against another nation without cause

  • 1931 – Japan Seizes Manchuria and China

  • 1937 – Attacks Nanjing China, 250,000 Civilians and POW’s killed


Japan1
Japan

Government

Society



Consequences
Consequences

  • Japan suspended from League of Nations for one year


Four new powers
Four New Powers

Italy Russia Japan Germany

Government

Leaders


Military aggression
Military Aggression

  • 1935 – Italy Invades Ethiopia

    • Haile Selassie appeals

      to the League of Nations

    • Weak response

    • Ethiopia Falls


German aggression
German Aggression

  • Hitler rebuilds German Army

  • 1936 – Troops sent into Rhineland

  • 1938 – Hitler takes over Austria

  • World’s Response?

    • Nothing


German aggression1
German Aggression

  • 1938 – Germany tries to take over Czechoslovakia

  • Britain & France Object

  • Munich Pact

    • France agrees to let Germany take part of Czech in return for no further aggression

    • No one asked the Czechs


Appeasement
Appeasement

  • A policy of giving into

    aggression to avoid war

  • Neville Chamberlain

    • “Peace in our time”

  • Did it work?

  • 1939 – Hitler takes the

    rest of Czech


America s response
America’s Response

  • Neutrality Act 1935

    • No assistance to those in war

  • Good Neighbor Policy

    • US removes troops from South America

  • What did the United States hope to gain from this?


War begins in europe
War Begins in Europe

  • 1939 – Germany invades Poland

    • Hitler and Stalin agree to non-aggression deal

    • Secretly agree to divide Poland

  • Russia invades Finland

  • September 3rd 1939

    • France and England declare war on Germany



Germany s march
Germany’s March

  • 1940

    • Denmark, Norway, Netherlands, Luxemburg, and Belgium Fall

  • France under attack


Fight for france
Fight for France

  • English and French put on the defensive

  • Pushed back to Dunkirk

  • English Evacuate


June 22 1940
June 22, 1940

France Surrenders


Battle for britain
Battle for Britain

  • Hitler launches an air attack

    • Tens of thousands killed

  • Attacks ravaged the land, but Britain did not break

  • Britain Stands Alone



June 22 nd 1941
June 22nd, 1941

Germany Attacks Russia


Chapter 24 world war ii

Hitler’s March

Appeasement Fails and Poland Falls

England and Russia Under Attack

1940

1938

1939

1941

Denmark, Norway, Netherlands, Luxembourg, Belgium, and France Fall

Take over of Czech and Peace in Our Time


Chapter 24 section 2
Chapter 24 Section 2

The United States at War


Chapter 24 world war ii

Read pgs. 776 - 781

Reading: 808-813

Bullet Points p. 795

Bullet Points: 829


Ch 24 sec 2
Ch. 24 Sec. 2

I understand how the United states moved from neutrality to full involvement in the war.


Fdr s pledge
FDR’s Pledge

  • “Your boys are not going to be sent into any foreign wars”

  • Easily reelected for

    third term


Lend lease act
Lend-Lease Act

Sold supplies to Britain

Allowed for US to lend or lease supplies to the British

Act extended to Russia and China

Most Americans agreed


United states prepares
United States Prepares

  • Build up of Army and Navy

  • Peace Time Draft

    started

  • Created Tuskegee

    Airmen


Atlantic charter
Atlantic Charter

  • US and Britain lay out future goals

    • Would seek no territorial gains

    • Every nation has the right to choose their own government

    • New peacekeeping organization

      Why?


Japan and the pacific
Japan and the Pacific

  • 1941 – Japan invades Indochina

    • Roosevelt bans sale of iron and scrap metal to Japan

    • Limits sale of oil to Japan


December 7 th 1941
December 7th, 1941

Japan Attacks the United States at Pearl Harbor



Why did the japanese attack1
Why did the Japanese attack?

The Japanese attacked because they feared the Americans would become involved, and they needed time to secure supplies.


The damage
The Damage

200 Airplanes Destroyed

2 Battleships Destroyed

6 Battleships Damaged

2,400 Dead


United states enters the war
United States Enters The War

  • December 8th, 1941

    • Congress Declares War on Japan


Total war
Total War

  • December 11, 1941

    • Germany and Italy declare war on the United States

      Divisions

      Allies Axis

      United States Germany

      Britain Japan

      France Italy

      Soviet Union

      China


Two fronts
Two Fronts

  • ETO

    • Europe and Africa

  • Pacific

    • Pacific Ocean, Australia, Indochina, and Japan


Europe and north africa 1942
Europe and North Africa 1942

Germany controlled most of Western Europe

Germany had advanced deep into Russia

Millions of Russians dead


Russian winter
Russian Winter

  • December 1941

    • Russians stopped German advance outside of Moscow

  • 1942

    • Germany tries again at Stalingrad

    • Russians stop them once again



North africa
North Africa

Erwin Rommel defeated in North Africa

British attack from the East

United States under Gen. Eisenhower attack from the West

Germans retreat




Japan 1942
Japan 1942

Hong Kong

Malaysia

Thailand

Burma

Guam

Wake Islands

Dutch East Indies

Solomon Islands


Philippines
Philippines

Attacked hours after Pearl Harbor


Philippines1
Philippines

2 weeks later Japan invades at Luzon

American forces retreat to Bataan

MacArthur ordered to leave


Bushido
Bushido

frugality, loyalty, mastery of martial arts, and honor to the death. Under the bushidō ideal, if a samurai failed to uphold his honor he could regain it by performing seppuku (ritual suicide).


The tide turns
The Tide Turns

Coral Sea & Midway


Battle of coral sea may 1942
Battle of Coral Sea – May 1942

Japan to invade Port Moresby

U.S. learns from radio intercept

Send fleet to stop

2 carriers, Lexington and Yorktown


Outcome
Outcome

Lexington lost

Japan loses fewer ships

Cancels invasion of Port Moresby

First naval fight where ships never shoot at each other


Battle of midway june 1942
Battle of Midway – June 1942

Japan to wipe out American Fleet

Tries to trap American carriers

Americans learn of plan by radio

Sets own trap

Sinks 4 Japanese carriers

Loses 1 of own


Chapter 24 section 3
Chapter 24, Section 3

THE HOME FRONT


Chapter 24 world war ii

Bullet Points p. 795

Read pgs. 770 - 775



Building the military
Building the Military participation in the war

Draft changed to keep men in for the entire war

15 Million men drafted or volunteered


Women in the military
Women in the Military participation in the war

Nurses

WAC’s

WAVE’s

WASP’s –

Ferry Pilots


A wartime economy
A Wartime Economy participation in the war

Industry converted from consumer to military products

War Production Board supervised everything

Military output doubled

Unemployment shrank

Minorities found jobs

Depression ended


Supporting the war
Supporting the War participation in the war

Victory Gardens

Rationing

War Bonds


Four groups affected by the war
Four Groups Affected By the War participation in the war

Women Japanese Americans

African Americans Mexican Americans


Women in industry
Women in Industry participation in the war

Factories

Shipyards

Crane operators

Bus drivers

Police Officers

Gas station attendants


Women in industry1
Women in Industry participation in the war

Better pay – Equal pay

Better working conditions

Sense of freedom

Sense of confidence


Rosie the riveter
“Rosie the Riveter” participation in the war


Keeping up the boys spirits
Keeping up the boys spirits participation in the war


Japanese americans
Japanese Americans participation in the war

At start of war, 300,000 Japanese Americans lived in U.S.

Americans afraid that they may be spies

Feb. 1942, 110,000 locked in internment camps far inland

Forced to sell property

WHAT WOULD YOU HAVE DONE?


Japanese americans1
Japanese Americans participation in the war

Not one case of disloyalty

17,000 served in ETO

442nd Neisi combat Regimental Team most decorated unit in history

1990, each survivor given $20,000


Chapter 24 world war ii

21 participation in the war

52

560

8

4,000

9.486


Other tensions
Other Tensions participation in the war

11,000 foreign born German and several hundred Italian Americans interned

Had not yet gained citizenship

Naturalized citizens faced curfews and travel limits


African americans
African Americans participation in the war

Segregated military units

Discrimination in private industry

Roosevelt pressured into ordering equality in hiring

Set up the Fair Employment Practices Committee


African americans1
African Americans participation in the war

As African Americans moved to cities, competition over housing

1943 race riots in Detroit and New York


Mexican americans
Mexican Americans participation in the war

½ million served in armed forces in WW II

1942 treaty with Mexico allowed U.S. companies to hire Mexican laborers

WHERE DID THEY WORK?

Faced prejudice and violence


Mexican americans1
Mexican Americans participation in the war

1943 – Zoot suit riots in L.A.

Newspapers blamed Mexican Americans

Eleanor Roosevelt blamed discrimination.


Chapter 24 section 4
Chapter 24, Section 4 participation in the war

Toward Victory


Chapter 24 world war ii

Bullet Points pg. 829 participation in the war

Read pgs. 821-827



Leaders
LEADERS results

Roosevelt – U.S.

Churchill – England

Stalin – Russia

Hitler – Germany

Mussolini – Italy

Eisenhower – U.S.

Rommell - Germany


Victory in europe
Victory in Europe results

Stalin wants 2nd front

1943 – Roosevelt and Churchill did not think Allies ready

WHAT WOULD YOU DO?


The plan
The Plan results

Invade Italy, 1943 – Draw Italian and German forces south

Invade France in 2 places, 1944 – Catch Germany off guard when France invaded

Russia pushes west


The result
The Result results

Sicily captured then Italy invaded

Mussolini out

Italy surrenders, but

Germans take over parts of Italy and resist


The result1
The result results

Hitler tries to save Mussolini but captured and killed


The result2
The result results

Allies continue the fight in Italy




D day
D-DAY results

June 1944

Invasion of France

WHERE WOULD YOU INVADE?


Differing opinions
Differing opinions results

Hitler

Rommell

Where do majority of German troops go?

Normandy Coast

Pas de Calais



Bocage
Bocage results

Troops fought way inland

Caught in the Bocage (Hedgerow) area

Earth and hedge 15 feet high


Paris
Paris results

By August 1944, allies had retaken Paris France


2 nd invasion of france
2 resultsnd invasion of France

August 1944, Southern France invaded


Battle of the bulge
Battle of the Bulge results

Dec. 1944 German push against allies

Attacked through Argonne Forest

Lightly defended by Allies


Bastogne surrounded
Bastogne Surrounded results

Germans surround town of Bastogne

Held by 101st Airborne

Germans ask for surrender

American General gives a 1 word reply


Chapter 24 world war ii
NUTS! results


Germany invaded
Germany Invaded results

Jan 1945 Russia reaches Germany, pushes west

U.S. reaches Germany and pushes east

Germany caught in a vise


Germany invaded1
Germany Invaded results

U.S. stops just east of Elbe River

Allows Russia to take Berlin

WHY?


Germany invaded2
Germany Invaded results

U.S. and Britain bomb Germany non-stop


Roosevelt dies
Roosevelt Dies results

  • Ap. 12, 1945, President Roosevelt dies

  • V.P. Harry Truman takes over


Germany collapses
Germany Collapses results

German troops retreat

Last stand in Berlin


Hitler dead
Hitler Dead results

  • Commits suicide Ap. 30, 1945

  • May 8, 1945 – Germany surrenders


Commanders
Commanders results

MacArthur

Nimitz


Strategy
Strategy results

Move across Pacific, closer to Japan then bomb until surrender


Strategy1
Strategy results

Midway

78 different attacks

Guadalcanal – Solomon Island – Aug 1942

New Georgia & New Guinea – 1943

Bouganville – 1943

Tarawa – Gilbert Islands 1943


Strategy2
Strategy results

Take back Aleutians – 1943

Kwajalein, 1944

Saipan, Tinian, and Guam – Summer 1944

Back to Phillippines – Oct 1944 – Aug 15, 1945

Iwo Jima – Feb 1945

Okinowa – Ap 1945


Results but at what cost
Results resultsBut at What Cost?



New georgia new guinea
New Georgia – New Guinea results

170 Dead


Bouganville
Bouganville results

1,243 Dead


Tarawa bloody tarawa
Tarawa – Bloody Tarawa results

1,711 Dead


Aleutians
Aleutians results

180 Dead


Kwajalein
Kwajalein results

372 Dead


Saipan
Saipan results

2,949 Dead



Tinian
Tinian results

328 Dead


Chapter 24 world war ii
Guam results

7,100 Dead


Philippines2
Philippines results

4,438 Dead


Iwo jima
Iwo Jima results

2,093 Dead


Okinawa
Okinawa results

7, 272 Dead


What did we want
What did we want? results

Airfields


Chapter 24 world war ii
WHY? results

To bomb Japan


Chapter 24 world war ii
Then results


Before atomic bomb
Before Atomic Bomb results

Japan fights back - Kamikaze



Answer ch 24 sec 1
Answer – Ch. 24 Sec. 1 II

1.Totalitarian dictators gained power after WW I.

2. Germany, Italy, and Japan started on a path of military conquest

The United States tried to remain neutral in world affairs

Germany and Russia agree not to hurt one another then divide Poland when Germany invades Poland



Answers ch 24 sec 2
Answers Ch. 24 Sec 2 full involvement in the war.

1. The U.S. increased military production, created a peace time draft and agreed to help its allies.

The U.S. finally entered the war when the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor, Dec. 7, 1941.

After the loss of the Philippines and most of the South Pacific islands, the U.S. finally beat the Japanese at the Battle of the Coral Sea and the Germans in North Africa



Answers ch 24 sec 3
Answers Ch. 24 Sec. 3 participation in the war

  • The U.S. asked for volunteers and drafted men totaling 15 million

  • The U.S. created the War Production board which controlled all factory products

  • American women took over the jobs left by men, served in the military, grew victory gardens, rationed consumer goods and did everything necessary to win.

  • Even U.S. citizens of Japanese ancestry were locked up.



Answers ch 24 sec 4
Answers Ch. 24 Sec. 4 results

More tanks, more men, more supplies, etc. and NO HITLER telling the U.S. Generals what to do.

The development and dropping of the A-bomb on Japan convinced them to surrender.

6 million Jews and countless millions of other were murdered by the Nazis.

What happened to war criminals


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