Chapter 24 world war ii
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 217

Chapter 24 World War II PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 103 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Chapter 24 World War II. ?? - 1945. Chapter 24 Section 1. I can list the events that led to the outbreak of World War II. Reading: Pgs. 802 - 807. Bullet Points p. 795. Bullet Points: Pg.829. Read pgs. 770 - 775. Events. 1918 – World War I Armistice was not a world wide treaty

Download Presentation

Chapter 24 World War II

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Chapter 24 world war ii

Chapter 24World War II

?? - 1945


Chapter 24 section 1

Chapter 24 Section 1

I can list the events that led to the outbreak of World War II


Chapter 24 world war ii

Reading: Pgs. 802 - 807

Bullet Points p. 795

Bullet Points: Pg.829

Read pgs. 770 - 775


Events

Events

  • 1918 – World War I Armistice was not a world wide treaty

    • Germans punished and suffer from WWI

  • 1921 – World suffers post war recession

    • Adolf Hitler becomes the leader of the German Nazi Party


Different countries with similar problems and results

Different Countries With Similar Problems and Results

  • Russia

  • Italy

  • Germany

  • Japan


Italy

Italy

  • Economic and Social Problems cause unrest

  • 1922 – Benito Mussolini threatens to overthrow government

    How does the Italian government respond?


Italy1

Italy

  • Mussolini named “Prime Minister”

    • Creates World’s First Fascist Government


Fascism

Fascism

  • A political system based on militarism, extreme nationalism, and loyalty to the state and its leader.

    • The boss is always right

    • Superior nations must conquer and control weaker nations


Mussolini

Mussolini

  • Italy is superior to other countries

    • Return to the Roman Empire

  • Banned

    • Freedom of the Press

    • Other Political Parties

    • Jailed or Murdered Critics


Italy2

Italy

Problems

Government

Changes


Russia

Russia

Joseph Stalin and the Communist Party


Russia1

Russia

  • Communism created a totalitarian government in Russia

    • Totalitarian - Single Party System

  • Government controls farms, land, animals, and buisnesses

  • 4 million critics were executed or sent to prison camps (GULAGS)


Gulags

GULAGS


Russia2

Russia

Problems

Government

Society


Germany

Germany

  • Economic struggles caused by WWI led to the rise of the Nazi Party and Adolf Hitler

  • Harsh treatment from WWI

    left many Germans unhappy

    with the World


Nazism

Nazism

  • Form of Fascism

  • Anti-Semitic

  • Germans are the Master Race

  • Believed WWI was lost because Jews and inferior people like Gypsies

  • Hitler uses this belief to his advantage


Adolf hitler

Adolf Hitler

  • Elected Chancellor in 1933

  • Political Parties Outlawed

  • Secret Police Enforce His Will


Jewish community in germany

Jewish Community in Germany

  • Blamed for social and economic issues

    • Scapegoat

  • Banned from professions

  • Community was attacked

  • Sent to slave labor camps


Germany1

Germany

Government

Society


Japan

Japan

  • Japan’s economy struggles following WWI

  • Japan felt that they need space

  • 1936 – Militarists take control


Japan s military aggression

Japan’s Military Aggression

  • Believed they were superior

    • Racist

  • Aggression – Warlike actions against another nation without cause

  • 1931 – Japan Seizes Manchuria and China

  • 1937 – Attacks Nanjing China, 250,000 Civilians and POW’s killed


Japan1

Japan

Government

Society


Japan s control of asia

Japan’s Control of Asia


Consequences

Consequences

  • Japan suspended from League of Nations for one year


Four new powers

Four New Powers

Italy Russia Japan Germany

Government

Leaders


Military aggression

Military Aggression

  • 1935 – Italy Invades Ethiopia

    • Haile Selassie appeals

      to the League of Nations

    • Weak response

    • Ethiopia Falls


German aggression

German Aggression

  • Hitler rebuilds German Army

  • 1936 – Troops sent into Rhineland

  • 1938 – Hitler takes over Austria

  • World’s Response?

    • Nothing


German aggression1

German Aggression

  • 1938 – Germany tries to take over Czechoslovakia

  • Britain & France Object

  • Munich Pact

    • France agrees to let Germany take part of Czech in return for no further aggression

    • No one asked the Czechs


Appeasement

Appeasement

  • A policy of giving into

    aggression to avoid war

  • Neville Chamberlain

    • “Peace in our time”

  • Did it work?

  • 1939 – Hitler takes the

    rest of Czech


America s response

America’s Response

  • Neutrality Act 1935

    • No assistance to those in war

  • Good Neighbor Policy

    • US removes troops from South America

  • What did the United States hope to gain from this?


War begins in europe

War Begins in Europe

  • 1939 – Germany invades Poland

    • Hitler and Stalin agree to non-aggression deal

    • Secretly agree to divide Poland

  • Russia invades Finland

  • September 3rd 1939

    • France and England declare war on Germany


Germany invades poland

Germany Invades Poland


Germany s march

Germany’s March

  • 1940

    • Denmark, Norway, Netherlands, Luxemburg, and Belgium Fall

  • France under attack


Fight for france

Fight for France

  • English and French put on the defensive

  • Pushed back to Dunkirk

  • English Evacuate


June 22 1940

June 22, 1940

France Surrenders


Battle for britain

Battle for Britain

  • Hitler launches an air attack

    • Tens of thousands killed

  • Attacks ravaged the land, but Britain did not break

  • Britain Stands Alone


Winston churchill

Winston Churchill


June 22 nd 1941

June 22nd, 1941

Germany Attacks Russia


Chapter 24 world war ii

Hitler’s March

Appeasement Fails and Poland Falls

England and Russia Under Attack

1940

1938

1939

1941

Denmark, Norway, Netherlands, Luxembourg, Belgium, and France Fall

Take over of Czech and Peace in Our Time


Chapter 24 section 2

Chapter 24 Section 2

The United States at War


Chapter 24 world war ii

Read pgs. 776 - 781

Reading: 808-813

Bullet Points p. 795

Bullet Points: 829


Ch 24 sec 2

Ch. 24 Sec. 2

I understand how the United states moved from neutrality to full involvement in the war.


Fdr s pledge

FDR’s Pledge

  • “Your boys are not going to be sent into any foreign wars”

  • Easily reelected for

    third term


Lend lease act

Lend-Lease Act

Sold supplies to Britain

Allowed for US to lend or lease supplies to the British

Act extended to Russia and China

Most Americans agreed


United states prepares

United States Prepares

  • Build up of Army and Navy

  • Peace Time Draft

    started

  • Created Tuskegee

    Airmen


Atlantic charter

Atlantic Charter

  • US and Britain lay out future goals

    • Would seek no territorial gains

    • Every nation has the right to choose their own government

    • New peacekeeping organization

      Why?


Japan and the pacific

Japan and the Pacific

  • 1941 – Japan invades Indochina

    • Roosevelt bans sale of iron and scrap metal to Japan

    • Limits sale of oil to Japan


December 7 th 1941

December 7th, 1941

Japan Attacks the United States at Pearl Harbor


Why did the japanese attack

Why did the Japanese attack?


Why did the japanese attack1

Why did the Japanese attack?

The Japanese attacked because they feared the Americans would become involved, and they needed time to secure supplies.


The damage

The Damage

200 Airplanes Destroyed

2 Battleships Destroyed

6 Battleships Damaged

2,400 Dead


United states enters the war

United States Enters The War

  • December 8th, 1941

    • Congress Declares War on Japan


Total war

Total War

  • December 11, 1941

    • Germany and Italy declare war on the United States

      Divisions

      Allies Axis

      United States Germany

      Britain Japan

      France Italy

      Soviet Union

      China


Two fronts

Two Fronts

  • ETO

    • Europe and Africa

  • Pacific

    • Pacific Ocean, Australia, Indochina, and Japan


Europe and north africa 1942

Europe and North Africa 1942

Germany controlled most of Western Europe

Germany had advanced deep into Russia

Millions of Russians dead


Russian winter

Russian Winter

  • December 1941

    • Russians stopped German advance outside of Moscow

  • 1942

    • Germany tries again at Stalingrad

    • Russians stop them once again


Eastern front

Eastern Front


North africa

North Africa

Erwin Rommel defeated in North Africa

British attack from the East

United States under Gen. Eisenhower attack from the West

Germans retreat


North africa1

North Africa


Axis pow s

Axis POW’s


Japan 1942

Japan 1942

Hong Kong

Malaysia

Thailand

Burma

Guam

Wake Islands

Dutch East Indies

Solomon Islands


Philippines

Philippines

Attacked hours after Pearl Harbor


Philippines1

Philippines

2 weeks later Japan invades at Luzon

American forces retreat to Bataan

MacArthur ordered to leave


Bushido

Bushido

frugality, loyalty, mastery of martial arts, and honor to the death. Under the bushidō ideal, if a samurai failed to uphold his honor he could regain it by performing seppuku (ritual suicide).


The tide turns

The Tide Turns

Coral Sea & Midway


Battle of coral sea may 1942

Battle of Coral Sea – May 1942

Japan to invade Port Moresby

U.S. learns from radio intercept

Send fleet to stop

2 carriers, Lexington and Yorktown


Outcome

Outcome

Lexington lost

Japan loses fewer ships

Cancels invasion of Port Moresby

First naval fight where ships never shoot at each other


Battle of midway june 1942

Battle of Midway – June 1942

Japan to wipe out American Fleet

Tries to trap American carriers

Americans learn of plan by radio

Sets own trap

Sinks 4 Japanese carriers

Loses 1 of own


Chapter 24 section 3

Chapter 24, Section 3

THE HOME FRONT


Chapter 24 world war ii

Bullet Points p. 795

Read pgs. 770 - 775


Chapter 24 world war ii

I can understand how the home front responded to American participation in the war


Building the military

Building the Military

Draft changed to keep men in for the entire war

15 Million men drafted or volunteered


Women in the military

Women in the Military

Nurses

WAC’s

WAVE’s

WASP’s –

Ferry Pilots


A wartime economy

A Wartime Economy

Industry converted from consumer to military products

War Production Board supervised everything

Military output doubled

Unemployment shrank

Minorities found jobs

Depression ended


Supporting the war

Supporting the War

Victory Gardens

Rationing

War Bonds


Four groups affected by the war

Four Groups Affected By the War

Women Japanese Americans

African Americans Mexican Americans


Women in industry

Women in Industry

Factories

Shipyards

Crane operators

Bus drivers

Police Officers

Gas station attendants


Women in industry1

Women in Industry

Better pay – Equal pay

Better working conditions

Sense of freedom

Sense of confidence


Rosie the riveter

“Rosie the Riveter”


Keeping up the boys spirits

Keeping up the boys spirits


Japanese americans

Japanese Americans

At start of war, 300,000 Japanese Americans lived in U.S.

Americans afraid that they may be spies

Feb. 1942, 110,000 locked in internment camps far inland

Forced to sell property

WHAT WOULD YOU HAVE DONE?


Japanese americans1

Japanese Americans

Not one case of disloyalty

17,000 served in ETO

442nd Neisi combat Regimental Team most decorated unit in history

1990, each survivor given $20,000


Chapter 24 world war ii

21

52

560

8

4,000

9.486


Other tensions

Other Tensions

11,000 foreign born German and several hundred Italian Americans interned

Had not yet gained citizenship

Naturalized citizens faced curfews and travel limits


African americans

African Americans

Segregated military units

Discrimination in private industry

Roosevelt pressured into ordering equality in hiring

Set up the Fair Employment Practices Committee


African americans1

African Americans

As African Americans moved to cities, competition over housing

1943 race riots in Detroit and New York


Mexican americans

Mexican Americans

½ million served in armed forces in WW II

1942 treaty with Mexico allowed U.S. companies to hire Mexican laborers

WHERE DID THEY WORK?

Faced prejudice and violence


Mexican americans1

Mexican Americans

1943 – Zoot suit riots in L.A.

Newspapers blamed Mexican Americans

Eleanor Roosevelt blamed discrimination.


Chapter 24 section 4

Chapter 24, Section 4

Toward Victory


Chapter 24 world war ii

Bullet Points pg. 829

Read pgs. 821-827


Chapter 24 world war ii

I can understand how the Allies won World War II and the results


Leaders

LEADERS

Roosevelt – U.S.

Churchill – England

Stalin – Russia

Hitler – Germany

Mussolini – Italy

Eisenhower – U.S.

Rommell - Germany


Victory in europe

Victory in Europe

Stalin wants 2nd front

1943 – Roosevelt and Churchill did not think Allies ready

WHAT WOULD YOU DO?


The plan

The Plan

Invade Italy, 1943 – Draw Italian and German forces south

Invade France in 2 places, 1944 – Catch Germany off guard when France invaded

Russia pushes west


The result

The Result

Sicily captured then Italy invaded

Mussolini out

Italy surrenders, but

Germans take over parts of Italy and resist


The result1

The result

Hitler tries to save Mussolini but captured and killed


The result2

The result

Allies continue the fight in Italy


Monte cassino before

Monte Cassino- Before


Monte cassino after

Monte Cassino - After


D day

D-DAY

June 1944

Invasion of France

WHERE WOULD YOU INVADE?


Differing opinions

Differing opinions

Hitler

Rommell

Where do majority of German troops go?

Normandy Coast

Pas de Calais


Where do allies land

Where do Allies land ?


Bocage

Bocage

Troops fought way inland

Caught in the Bocage (Hedgerow) area

Earth and hedge 15 feet high


Paris

Paris

By August 1944, allies had retaken Paris France


2 nd invasion of france

2nd invasion of France

August 1944, Southern France invaded


Battle of the bulge

Battle of the Bulge

Dec. 1944 German push against allies

Attacked through Argonne Forest

Lightly defended by Allies


Bastogne surrounded

Bastogne Surrounded

Germans surround town of Bastogne

Held by 101st Airborne

Germans ask for surrender

American General gives a 1 word reply


Chapter 24 world war ii

NUTS!


Germany invaded

Germany Invaded

Jan 1945 Russia reaches Germany, pushes west

U.S. reaches Germany and pushes east

Germany caught in a vise


Germany invaded1

Germany Invaded

U.S. stops just east of Elbe River

Allows Russia to take Berlin

WHY?


Germany invaded2

Germany Invaded

U.S. and Britain bomb Germany non-stop


Roosevelt dies

Roosevelt Dies

  • Ap. 12, 1945, President Roosevelt dies

  • V.P. Harry Truman takes over


Germany collapses

Germany Collapses

German troops retreat

Last stand in Berlin


Hitler dead

Hitler Dead

  • Commits suicide Ap. 30, 1945

  • May 8, 1945 – Germany surrenders


Commanders

Commanders

MacArthur

Nimitz


Strategy

Strategy

Move across Pacific, closer to Japan then bomb until surrender


Strategy1

Strategy

Midway

78 different attacks

Guadalcanal – Solomon Island – Aug 1942

New Georgia & New Guinea – 1943

Bouganville – 1943

Tarawa – Gilbert Islands 1943


Strategy2

Strategy

Take back Aleutians – 1943

Kwajalein, 1944

Saipan, Tinian, and Guam – Summer 1944

Back to Phillippines – Oct 1944 – Aug 15, 1945

Iwo Jima – Feb 1945

Okinowa – Ap 1945


Results but at what cost

ResultsBut at What Cost?


Guadalcanal solomon islands

Guadalcanal – Solomon Islands

1004 Dead


New georgia new guinea

New Georgia – New Guinea

170 Dead


Bouganville

Bouganville

1,243 Dead


Tarawa bloody tarawa

Tarawa – Bloody Tarawa

1,711 Dead


Aleutians

Aleutians

180 Dead


Kwajalein

Kwajalein

372 Dead


Saipan

Saipan

2,949 Dead


Japanese suicides saipan

Japanese Suicides - Saipan


Tinian

Tinian

328 Dead


Chapter 24 world war ii

Guam

7,100 Dead


Philippines2

Philippines

4,438 Dead


Iwo jima

Iwo Jima

2,093 Dead


Okinawa

Okinawa

7, 272 Dead


What did we want

What did we want?

Airfields


Chapter 24 world war ii

WHY?

To bomb Japan


Chapter 24 world war ii

Then


Before atomic bomb

Before Atomic Bomb

Japan fights back - Kamikaze


Chapter 24 world war ii

I can list the events that led to the outbreak of World War II


Answer ch 24 sec 1

Answer – Ch. 24 Sec. 1

1.Totalitarian dictators gained power after WW I.

2. Germany, Italy, and Japan started on a path of military conquest

The United States tried to remain neutral in world affairs

Germany and Russia agree not to hurt one another then divide Poland when Germany invades Poland


Chapter 24 world war ii

I understand how the United States moved from neutrality to full involvement in the war.


Answers ch 24 sec 2

Answers Ch. 24 Sec 2

1. The U.S. increased military production, created a peace time draft and agreed to help its allies.

The U.S. finally entered the war when the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor, Dec. 7, 1941.

After the loss of the Philippines and most of the South Pacific islands, the U.S. finally beat the Japanese at the Battle of the Coral Sea and the Germans in North Africa


Chapter 24 world war ii

I understand how the home front responded to American participation in the war


Answers ch 24 sec 3

Answers Ch. 24 Sec. 3

  • The U.S. asked for volunteers and drafted men totaling 15 million

  • The U.S. created the War Production board which controlled all factory products

  • American women took over the jobs left by men, served in the military, grew victory gardens, rationed consumer goods and did everything necessary to win.

  • Even U.S. citizens of Japanese ancestry were locked up.


Chapter 24 world war ii

I can understand how the Allies won World War II and the results


Answers ch 24 sec 4

Answers Ch. 24 Sec. 4

More tanks, more men, more supplies, etc. and NO HITLER telling the U.S. Generals what to do.

The development and dropping of the A-bomb on Japan convinced them to surrender.

6 million Jews and countless millions of other were murdered by the Nazis.

What happened to war criminals


  • Login