Chapter 24 world war ii
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Chapter 24 World War II. ?? - 1945. Chapter 24 Section 1. I can list the events that led to the outbreak of World War II. Reading: Pgs. 802 - 807. Bullet Points p. 795. Bullet Points: Pg.829. Read pgs. 770 - 775. Events. 1918 – World War I Armistice was not a world wide treaty

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Chapter 24 World War II

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Chapter 24World War II

?? - 1945

Chapter 24 Section 1

I can list the events that led to the outbreak of World War II

Reading: Pgs. 802 - 807

Bullet Points p. 795

Bullet Points: Pg.829

Read pgs. 770 - 775


  • 1918 – World War I Armistice was not a world wide treaty

    • Germans punished and suffer from WWI

  • 1921 – World suffers post war recession

    • Adolf Hitler becomes the leader of the German Nazi Party

Different Countries With Similar Problems and Results

  • Russia

  • Italy

  • Germany

  • Japan


  • Economic and Social Problems cause unrest

  • 1922 – Benito Mussolini threatens to overthrow government

    How does the Italian government respond?


  • Mussolini named “Prime Minister”

    • Creates World’s First Fascist Government


  • A political system based on militarism, extreme nationalism, and loyalty to the state and its leader.

    • The boss is always right

    • Superior nations must conquer and control weaker nations


  • Italy is superior to other countries

    • Return to the Roman Empire

  • Banned

    • Freedom of the Press

    • Other Political Parties

    • Jailed or Murdered Critics






Joseph Stalin and the Communist Party


  • Communism created a totalitarian government in Russia

    • Totalitarian - Single Party System

  • Government controls farms, land, animals, and buisnesses

  • 4 million critics were executed or sent to prison camps (GULAGS)







  • Economic struggles caused by WWI led to the rise of the Nazi Party and Adolf Hitler

  • Harsh treatment from WWI

    left many Germans unhappy

    with the World


  • Form of Fascism

  • Anti-Semitic

  • Germans are the Master Race

  • Believed WWI was lost because Jews and inferior people like Gypsies

  • Hitler uses this belief to his advantage

Adolf Hitler

  • Elected Chancellor in 1933

  • Political Parties Outlawed

  • Secret Police Enforce His Will

Jewish Community in Germany

  • Blamed for social and economic issues

    • Scapegoat

  • Banned from professions

  • Community was attacked

  • Sent to slave labor camps





  • Japan’s economy struggles following WWI

  • Japan felt that they need space

  • 1936 – Militarists take control

Japan’s Military Aggression

  • Believed they were superior

    • Racist

  • Aggression – Warlike actions against another nation without cause

  • 1931 – Japan Seizes Manchuria and China

  • 1937 – Attacks Nanjing China, 250,000 Civilians and POW’s killed




Japan’s Control of Asia


  • Japan suspended from League of Nations for one year

Four New Powers

Italy Russia Japan Germany



Military Aggression

  • 1935 – Italy Invades Ethiopia

    • Haile Selassie appeals

      to the League of Nations

    • Weak response

    • Ethiopia Falls

German Aggression

  • Hitler rebuilds German Army

  • 1936 – Troops sent into Rhineland

  • 1938 – Hitler takes over Austria

  • World’s Response?

    • Nothing

German Aggression

  • 1938 – Germany tries to take over Czechoslovakia

  • Britain & France Object

  • Munich Pact

    • France agrees to let Germany take part of Czech in return for no further aggression

    • No one asked the Czechs


  • A policy of giving into

    aggression to avoid war

  • Neville Chamberlain

    • “Peace in our time”

  • Did it work?

  • 1939 – Hitler takes the

    rest of Czech

America’s Response

  • Neutrality Act 1935

    • No assistance to those in war

  • Good Neighbor Policy

    • US removes troops from South America

  • What did the United States hope to gain from this?

War Begins in Europe

  • 1939 – Germany invades Poland

    • Hitler and Stalin agree to non-aggression deal

    • Secretly agree to divide Poland

  • Russia invades Finland

  • September 3rd 1939

    • France and England declare war on Germany

Germany Invades Poland

Germany’s March

  • 1940

    • Denmark, Norway, Netherlands, Luxemburg, and Belgium Fall

  • France under attack

Fight for France

  • English and French put on the defensive

  • Pushed back to Dunkirk

  • English Evacuate

June 22, 1940

France Surrenders

Battle for Britain

  • Hitler launches an air attack

    • Tens of thousands killed

  • Attacks ravaged the land, but Britain did not break

  • Britain Stands Alone

Winston Churchill

June 22nd, 1941

Germany Attacks Russia

Hitler’s March

Appeasement Fails and Poland Falls

England and Russia Under Attack





Denmark, Norway, Netherlands, Luxembourg, Belgium, and France Fall

Take over of Czech and Peace in Our Time

Chapter 24 Section 2

The United States at War

Read pgs. 776 - 781

Reading: 808-813

Bullet Points p. 795

Bullet Points: 829

Ch. 24 Sec. 2

I understand how the United states moved from neutrality to full involvement in the war.

FDR’s Pledge

  • “Your boys are not going to be sent into any foreign wars”

  • Easily reelected for

    third term

Lend-Lease Act

Sold supplies to Britain

Allowed for US to lend or lease supplies to the British

Act extended to Russia and China

Most Americans agreed

United States Prepares

  • Build up of Army and Navy

  • Peace Time Draft


  • Created Tuskegee


Atlantic Charter

  • US and Britain lay out future goals

    • Would seek no territorial gains

    • Every nation has the right to choose their own government

    • New peacekeeping organization


Japan and the Pacific

  • 1941 – Japan invades Indochina

    • Roosevelt bans sale of iron and scrap metal to Japan

    • Limits sale of oil to Japan

December 7th, 1941

Japan Attacks the United States at Pearl Harbor

Why did the Japanese attack?

Why did the Japanese attack?

The Japanese attacked because they feared the Americans would become involved, and they needed time to secure supplies.

The Damage

200 Airplanes Destroyed

2 Battleships Destroyed

6 Battleships Damaged

2,400 Dead

United States Enters The War

  • December 8th, 1941

    • Congress Declares War on Japan

Total War

  • December 11, 1941

    • Germany and Italy declare war on the United States


      Allies Axis

      United States Germany

      Britain Japan

      France Italy

      Soviet Union


Two Fronts

  • ETO

    • Europe and Africa

  • Pacific

    • Pacific Ocean, Australia, Indochina, and Japan

Europe and North Africa 1942

Germany controlled most of Western Europe

Germany had advanced deep into Russia

Millions of Russians dead

Russian Winter

  • December 1941

    • Russians stopped German advance outside of Moscow

  • 1942

    • Germany tries again at Stalingrad

    • Russians stop them once again

Eastern Front

North Africa

Erwin Rommel defeated in North Africa

British attack from the East

United States under Gen. Eisenhower attack from the West

Germans retreat

North Africa

Axis POW’s

Japan 1942

Hong Kong





Wake Islands

Dutch East Indies

Solomon Islands


Attacked hours after Pearl Harbor


2 weeks later Japan invades at Luzon

American forces retreat to Bataan

MacArthur ordered to leave


frugality, loyalty, mastery of martial arts, and honor to the death. Under the bushidō ideal, if a samurai failed to uphold his honor he could regain it by performing seppuku (ritual suicide).

The Tide Turns

Coral Sea & Midway

Battle of Coral Sea – May 1942

Japan to invade Port Moresby

U.S. learns from radio intercept

Send fleet to stop

2 carriers, Lexington and Yorktown


Lexington lost

Japan loses fewer ships

Cancels invasion of Port Moresby

First naval fight where ships never shoot at each other

Battle of Midway – June 1942

Japan to wipe out American Fleet

Tries to trap American carriers

Americans learn of plan by radio

Sets own trap

Sinks 4 Japanese carriers

Loses 1 of own

Chapter 24, Section 3


Bullet Points p. 795

Read pgs. 770 - 775

I can understand how the home front responded to American participation in the war

Building the Military

Draft changed to keep men in for the entire war

15 Million men drafted or volunteered

Women in the Military




WASP’s –

Ferry Pilots

A Wartime Economy

Industry converted from consumer to military products

War Production Board supervised everything

Military output doubled

Unemployment shrank

Minorities found jobs

Depression ended

Supporting the War

Victory Gardens


War Bonds

Four Groups Affected By the War

Women Japanese Americans

African Americans Mexican Americans

Women in Industry



Crane operators

Bus drivers

Police Officers

Gas station attendants

Women in Industry

Better pay – Equal pay

Better working conditions

Sense of freedom

Sense of confidence

“Rosie the Riveter”

Keeping up the boys spirits

Japanese Americans

At start of war, 300,000 Japanese Americans lived in U.S.

Americans afraid that they may be spies

Feb. 1942, 110,000 locked in internment camps far inland

Forced to sell property


Japanese Americans

Not one case of disloyalty

17,000 served in ETO

442nd Neisi combat Regimental Team most decorated unit in history

1990, each survivor given $20,000







Other Tensions

11,000 foreign born German and several hundred Italian Americans interned

Had not yet gained citizenship

Naturalized citizens faced curfews and travel limits

African Americans

Segregated military units

Discrimination in private industry

Roosevelt pressured into ordering equality in hiring

Set up the Fair Employment Practices Committee

African Americans

As African Americans moved to cities, competition over housing

1943 race riots in Detroit and New York

Mexican Americans

½ million served in armed forces in WW II

1942 treaty with Mexico allowed U.S. companies to hire Mexican laborers


Faced prejudice and violence

Mexican Americans

1943 – Zoot suit riots in L.A.

Newspapers blamed Mexican Americans

Eleanor Roosevelt blamed discrimination.

Chapter 24, Section 4

Toward Victory

Bullet Points pg. 829

Read pgs. 821-827

I can understand how the Allies won World War II and the results


Roosevelt – U.S.

Churchill – England

Stalin – Russia

Hitler – Germany

Mussolini – Italy

Eisenhower – U.S.

Rommell - Germany

Victory in Europe

Stalin wants 2nd front

1943 – Roosevelt and Churchill did not think Allies ready


The Plan

Invade Italy, 1943 – Draw Italian and German forces south

Invade France in 2 places, 1944 – Catch Germany off guard when France invaded

Russia pushes west

The Result

Sicily captured then Italy invaded

Mussolini out

Italy surrenders, but

Germans take over parts of Italy and resist

The result

Hitler tries to save Mussolini but captured and killed

The result

Allies continue the fight in Italy

Monte Cassino- Before

Monte Cassino - After


June 1944

Invasion of France


Differing opinions



Where do majority of German troops go?

Normandy Coast

Pas de Calais

Where do Allies land ?


Troops fought way inland

Caught in the Bocage (Hedgerow) area

Earth and hedge 15 feet high


By August 1944, allies had retaken Paris France

2nd invasion of France

August 1944, Southern France invaded

Battle of the Bulge

Dec. 1944 German push against allies

Attacked through Argonne Forest

Lightly defended by Allies

Bastogne Surrounded

Germans surround town of Bastogne

Held by 101st Airborne

Germans ask for surrender

American General gives a 1 word reply


Germany Invaded

Jan 1945 Russia reaches Germany, pushes west

U.S. reaches Germany and pushes east

Germany caught in a vise

Germany Invaded

U.S. stops just east of Elbe River

Allows Russia to take Berlin


Germany Invaded

U.S. and Britain bomb Germany non-stop

Roosevelt Dies

  • Ap. 12, 1945, President Roosevelt dies

  • V.P. Harry Truman takes over

Germany Collapses

German troops retreat

Last stand in Berlin

Hitler Dead

  • Commits suicide Ap. 30, 1945

  • May 8, 1945 – Germany surrenders





Move across Pacific, closer to Japan then bomb until surrender



78 different attacks

Guadalcanal – Solomon Island – Aug 1942

New Georgia & New Guinea – 1943

Bouganville – 1943

Tarawa – Gilbert Islands 1943


Take back Aleutians – 1943

Kwajalein, 1944

Saipan, Tinian, and Guam – Summer 1944

Back to Phillippines – Oct 1944 – Aug 15, 1945

Iwo Jima – Feb 1945

Okinowa – Ap 1945

ResultsBut at What Cost?

Guadalcanal – Solomon Islands

1004 Dead

New Georgia – New Guinea

170 Dead


1,243 Dead

Tarawa – Bloody Tarawa

1,711 Dead


180 Dead


372 Dead


2,949 Dead

Japanese Suicides - Saipan


328 Dead


7,100 Dead


4,438 Dead

Iwo Jima

2,093 Dead


7, 272 Dead

What did we want?



To bomb Japan


Before Atomic Bomb

Japan fights back - Kamikaze

I can list the events that led to the outbreak of World War II

Answer – Ch. 24 Sec. 1

1.Totalitarian dictators gained power after WW I.

2. Germany, Italy, and Japan started on a path of military conquest

The United States tried to remain neutral in world affairs

Germany and Russia agree not to hurt one another then divide Poland when Germany invades Poland

I understand how the United States moved from neutrality to full involvement in the war.

Answers Ch. 24 Sec 2

1. The U.S. increased military production, created a peace time draft and agreed to help its allies.

The U.S. finally entered the war when the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor, Dec. 7, 1941.

After the loss of the Philippines and most of the South Pacific islands, the U.S. finally beat the Japanese at the Battle of the Coral Sea and the Germans in North Africa

I understand how the home front responded to American participation in the war

Answers Ch. 24 Sec. 3

  • The U.S. asked for volunteers and drafted men totaling 15 million

  • The U.S. created the War Production board which controlled all factory products

  • American women took over the jobs left by men, served in the military, grew victory gardens, rationed consumer goods and did everything necessary to win.

  • Even U.S. citizens of Japanese ancestry were locked up.

I can understand how the Allies won World War II and the results

Answers Ch. 24 Sec. 4

More tanks, more men, more supplies, etc. and NO HITLER telling the U.S. Generals what to do.

The development and dropping of the A-bomb on Japan convinced them to surrender.

6 million Jews and countless millions of other were murdered by the Nazis.

What happened to war criminals

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