Chapter 24 World War II. ?? - 1945. Chapter 24 Section 1. I can list the events that led to the outbreak of World War II. Reading: Pgs. 802 - 807. Bullet Points p. 795. Bullet Points: Pg.829. Read pgs. 770 - 775. Events. 1918 – World War I Armistice was not a world wide treaty
?? - 1945
I can list the events that led to the outbreak of World War II
Bullet Points p. 795
Bullet Points: Pg.829
Read pgs. 770 - 775
How does the Italian government respond?
Joseph Stalin and the Communist Party
left many Germans unhappy
with the World
Italy Russia Japan Germany
to the League of Nations
aggression to avoid war
rest of Czech
Germany Attacks Russia
Appeasement Fails and Poland Falls
England and Russia Under Attack
Denmark, Norway, Netherlands, Luxembourg, Belgium, and France Fall
Take over of Czech and Peace in Our Time
The United States at War
Bullet Points p. 795
Bullet Points: 829
I understand how the United states moved from neutrality to full involvement in the war.
Sold supplies to Britain
Allowed for US to lend or lease supplies to the British
Act extended to Russia and China
Most Americans agreed
Japan Attacks the United States at Pearl Harbor
The Japanese attacked because they feared the Americans would become involved, and they needed time to secure supplies.
200 Airplanes Destroyed
2 Battleships Destroyed
6 Battleships Damaged
United States Germany
Germany controlled most of Western Europe
Germany had advanced deep into Russia
Millions of Russians dead
Erwin Rommel defeated in North Africa
British attack from the East
United States under Gen. Eisenhower attack from the West
Dutch East Indies
Attacked hours after Pearl Harbor
2 weeks later Japan invades at Luzon
American forces retreat to Bataan
MacArthur ordered to leave
frugality, loyalty, mastery of martial arts, and honor to the death. Under the bushidō ideal, if a samurai failed to uphold his honor he could regain it by performing seppuku (ritual suicide).
Coral Sea & Midway
Japan to invade Port Moresby
U.S. learns from radio intercept
Send fleet to stop
2 carriers, Lexington and Yorktown
Japan loses fewer ships
Cancels invasion of Port Moresby
First naval fight where ships never shoot at each other
Japan to wipe out American Fleet
Tries to trap American carriers
Americans learn of plan by radio
Sets own trap
Sinks 4 Japanese carriers
Loses 1 of own
THE HOME FRONT
Read pgs. 770 - 775
I can understand how the home front responded to American participation in the war
Draft changed to keep men in for the entire war
15 Million men drafted or volunteered
Industry converted from consumer to military products
War Production Board supervised everything
Military output doubled
Minorities found jobs
Women Japanese Americans
African Americans Mexican Americans
Gas station attendants
Better pay – Equal pay
Better working conditions
Sense of freedom
Sense of confidence
At start of war, 300,000 Japanese Americans lived in U.S.
Americans afraid that they may be spies
Feb. 1942, 110,000 locked in internment camps far inland
Forced to sell property
WHAT WOULD YOU HAVE DONE?
Not one case of disloyalty
17,000 served in ETO
442nd Neisi combat Regimental Team most decorated unit in history
1990, each survivor given $20,000
21 participation in the war
11,000 foreign born German and several hundred Italian Americans interned
Had not yet gained citizenship
Naturalized citizens faced curfews and travel limits
Segregated military units
Discrimination in private industry
Roosevelt pressured into ordering equality in hiring
Set up the Fair Employment Practices Committee
As African Americans moved to cities, competition over housing
1943 race riots in Detroit and New York
½ million served in armed forces in WW II
1942 treaty with Mexico allowed U.S. companies to hire Mexican laborers
WHERE DID THEY WORK?
Faced prejudice and violence
1943 – Zoot suit riots in L.A.
Newspapers blamed Mexican Americans
Eleanor Roosevelt blamed discrimination.
Bullet Points pg. 829 participation in the war
Read pgs. 821-827
Roosevelt – U.S.
Churchill – England
Stalin – Russia
Hitler – Germany
Mussolini – Italy
Eisenhower – U.S.
Rommell - Germany
Stalin wants 2nd front
1943 – Roosevelt and Churchill did not think Allies ready
WHAT WOULD YOU DO?
Invade Italy, 1943 – Draw Italian and German forces south
Invade France in 2 places, 1944 – Catch Germany off guard when France invaded
Russia pushes west
Sicily captured then Italy invaded
Italy surrenders, but
Germans take over parts of Italy and resist
Hitler tries to save Mussolini but captured and killed
Allies continue the fight in Italy
Invasion of France
WHERE WOULD YOU INVADE?
Where do majority of German troops go?
Pas de Calais
Troops fought way inland
Caught in the Bocage (Hedgerow) area
Earth and hedge 15 feet high
By August 1944, allies had retaken Paris France
August 1944, Southern France invaded
Dec. 1944 German push against allies
Attacked through Argonne Forest
Lightly defended by Allies
Germans surround town of Bastogne
Held by 101st Airborne
Germans ask for surrender
American General gives a 1 word reply
Jan 1945 Russia reaches Germany, pushes west
U.S. reaches Germany and pushes east
Germany caught in a vise
U.S. stops just east of Elbe River
Allows Russia to take Berlin
U.S. and Britain bomb Germany non-stop
German troops retreat
Last stand in Berlin
Move across Pacific, closer to Japan then bomb until surrender
78 different attacks
Guadalcanal – Solomon Island – Aug 1942
New Georgia & New Guinea – 1943
Bouganville – 1943
Tarawa – Gilbert Islands 1943
Take back Aleutians – 1943
Saipan, Tinian, and Guam – Summer 1944
Back to Phillippines – Oct 1944 – Aug 15, 1945
Iwo Jima – Feb 1945
Okinowa – Ap 1945
7, 272 Dead
To bomb Japan
Japan fights back - Kamikaze
1.Totalitarian dictators gained power after WW I.
2. Germany, Italy, and Japan started on a path of military conquest
The United States tried to remain neutral in world affairs
Germany and Russia agree not to hurt one another then divide Poland when Germany invades Poland
I understand how the United States moved from neutrality to full involvement in the war.
1. The U.S. increased military production, created a peace time draft and agreed to help its allies.
The U.S. finally entered the war when the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor, Dec. 7, 1941.
After the loss of the Philippines and most of the South Pacific islands, the U.S. finally beat the Japanese at the Battle of the Coral Sea and the Germans in North Africa
I understand how the home front responded to American participation in the war
More tanks, more men, more supplies, etc. and NO HITLER telling the U.S. Generals what to do.
The development and dropping of the A-bomb on Japan convinced them to surrender.
6 million Jews and countless millions of other were murdered by the Nazis.
What happened to war criminals