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CAIS June 18, 2006 Santa Barbara, CA. Marc Prensky. [email protected] www.marcprensky.com. © 2006 Marc Prensky. © 2006 Marc Prensky. Education Credentials. Master of Arts in Teaching (Yale) MBA (Harvard) Taught High School Math (5 yrs) Ran a Street Academy

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CAIS

June 18, 2006

Santa Barbara, CA

Marc Prensky

[email protected]

www.marcprensky.com

© 2006 Marc Prensky

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Education Credentials

  • Master of Arts in Teaching (Yale)

  • MBA (Harvard)

  • Taught High School Math (5 yrs)

  • Ran a Street Academy

  • Taught Elementary School French

  • Taught College Music

  • Still Tutor Math

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Serious training

in a game environment

© 2003 Marc Prensky

© 2006 Marc Prensky


RecentProjects

Higher Ed

Military

  • Stability Operations:

  • Winning the Peace

  • The Battle of the Brains

  • Financial Literacy

  • Dinner Party with History

K-12

Business

  • Games In A Flash

  • Chemistry Game (MeCHeM)

  • FL, LA Virtual Schools Courses

  • Algebra Game (The Algebots)

  • Physics Game (Space Junk)

  • Cell Phone Game (Elemental)

  • Reading Teacher Game

  • Insurance Game

  • Pharmaceutical Game

  • Cell Phone Game

© 2006 Marc Prensky


RecentProjects

K-12

  • Games in a Flash

  • FL, LA Virtual Schools Courses

  • Chemistry Game (MeCHeM)

  • Physics Game (Waste of Space)

  • Periodic Table Cell Phone Game

  • (EleMental)

  • Algebra Game (The Algebots)

  • Reading Teacher Game

© 2006 Marc Prensky


I’ll be going at

(slides will be available)

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Sky Takemura-Sora Prensky

b. April 26, 2005

© 2006 Marc Prensky

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Helping Our Students

Learn and Succeed

© 2006 Marc Prensky


in a

21st century

world…

© 2006 Marc Prensky


…BEFORE the end

of the

21st century!

© 2006 Marc Prensky


What if we don’t?

© 2006 Marc Prensky



Five Keys

To Helping Kids Learn

and Succeed

In the 21st Century

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Our Students

Understanding

Generating

Engagement

Dealing With

Change

Sharing

Achieving

Our Successes

MUTUAL RESPECT

© 2006 Marc Prensky

Generating


Theme#1

Understanding

Our Students

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Why are we educators

having such problems?

© 2006 Marc Prensky

© 2003 Marc Prensky


What’s so

DIFFERENT

about the21st century?

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Why educators

are having problems

  • The world is changing

© 2006 Marc Prensky

© 2003 Marc Prensky


Question 1

What percent of theworld’s population isunder 25?

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Percentage Under Age 25?

A 20 percent B 30 percentC 40 percentD 50 percent

© 2006 Marc Prensky


% Under 25?

50%

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Question 2

What percentage of our teachersare under 25?

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Question 3

What percentage of people in this roomare under 25?

© 2006 Marc Prensky


We have to involve our studentsin everything we do!

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Why educators

are having problems:

  • The world is changing

  • Students are changing

© 2006 Marc Prensky

© 2003 Marc Prensky


Today’s younger learners

are NOT the ones our

systems (and teachers)

were designed and trained

to teach!

© 2006 Marc Prensky

© 2003 Marc Prensky


Today’s Students aredifferent

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Why?

  • 5-10,000 hours Video Games

  • 250,000 emails and IMs

  • 10,000 hours on cell phones

  • 20,000 hours TV (incl. MTV)

  • 500,000 commercials

  • < 5,000 hours book reading

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Digital Natives

  • 2 billion ring tones per year

  • 2 billion songs per month

  • 6 billion text messages per day

© 2006 Marc Prensky


“Brains like ours alter profoundly to fit the technologies and practices that surround them.”

-Andy Clark

Director, Cognitive Sciences Program.Indiana University

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Digital Immigrants and practices that surround them.”

Digital Natives

Conventional Speed

Step-by-Step

Linear Processing

Text First

Work-Oriented

Stand-Alone

© 2006 Marc Prensky


“Students are not just using technology differently today, but are approaching their life and their daily activities differently because of the technology.”

--Net Day “Speak-up Day” Summary

© 2006 Marc Prensky


The e-Life

Digital Natives

  • Coordinating

    • Projects, workgroups, MMORPGs

  • Evaluating

    • Reputation systems–Epinions, Amazon, Slashdot

  • Gaming

    • Solo, 1-on-1, small & large groups

  • Learning

    • About stuff that interests them

  • Evolving

    • Peripheral, emergent behaviors

  • Searching

    • Info, connections, people

  • Analyzing

    • SETI, drug molecules

  • Reporting

    • Moblogs, photos

  • Programming

    • Open systems, mods search

  • Socializing

    • Learning social behavior, influence

  • Growing Up

    • Exploring, transgressing

  • Communicating

    • IM, chat

  • Sharing

    • Blogs, MySpace

  • Buying & Selling

    • ebay, papers

  • Exchanging

    • P2P

  • Creating

    • sites, avatars, mods

  • Meeting

    • 3D chat rooms, dating

  • Collecting

    • mp3, video, sensor data

REFERENCE

© 2006 Marc Prensky


The e-Life

Digital Natives

  • Coordinating

    • Projects, workgroups, MMORPGs

  • Evaluating

    • Reputation systems–Epinions, Amazon, Slashdot

  • Gaming

    • Solo, 1-on-1, small & large groups

  • Learning

    • About stuff that interests them

  • Evolving

    • Peripheral, emergent behaviors

  • Searching

    • Info, connections, people

  • Analyzing

    • SETI, drug molecules

  • Reporting

    • Moblogs, photos

  • Programming

    • Open systems, mods search

  • Socializing

    • Learning social behavior, influence

  • Growing Up

    • Exploring, transgressing

  • Communicating

    • IM, chat

  • Sharing

    • Blogs, MySpace

  • Buying & Selling

    • ebay, papers

  • Exchanging

    • P2P

  • Creating

    • sites, avatars, mods

  • Meeting

    • 3D chat rooms, dating

  • Collecting

    • mp3, video, sensor data

© 2006 Marc Prensky


“ [ Technologies are] re-writing the rules of adolescence.”

-- a mother

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Digital Natives

Digital Immigrants

© 2006 Marc Prensky


We have a

“Digital Immigrant Accent”

  • Printing out our e-mails

  • Not Going to the Internet First for info

  • Needing a printed copy for editing

  • Not Using (or liking) IM

  • Thinking “Real Life” happens only off-line

  • Assuming teaching equals learning

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Teaching =Learning

© 2006 Marc Prensky


21 st Century Learning is unlikely to be created through PUSH from teachers

It has to be “PULL!”

© 2006 Marc Prensky


i.e. Students have toWANTto do it

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Theme #2

Generating

Engagement

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Engagement

(= motivation, passion)

© 2006 Marc Prensky


“Without motivation there is no learning”

– James Paul Gee

© 2006 Marc Prensky



“Learning

comes from

passion,

not discipline”

– Nicholas Negroponte


Why educators

are having problems:

  • The world is changing

  • Students are changing

  • Engagement is changing

© 2006 Marc Prensky

© 2003 Marc Prensky


“Learning Takes Work”

Disagree?

Agree?

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Yes, Learning takes

Effort, but

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Effort for learning can FEEL LIKEWORK

OR

Effort for learning can FEEL LIKEPLAY

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Learning feels like play

when you have

ENGAGEMENT

=

Motivation, passion

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Today’s kids

UNDERSTAND

ENGAGEMENT

© 2006 Marc Prensky


When I was a kid

IT WAS BORING

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Today’s kids

GO ONLINE

© 2006 Marc Prensky


“I could have nothing to do and I can always find something on the Internet.”

– A High School Student

© 2006 Marc Prensky


“On the Internet you can something on the Internet.”play games, you can check your mail, you can talk to your friends, you can buy things, and you can look up things that you really like.”

– A High School Student

Yahoo

Born

to be

Wired

Conference

© 2006 Marc Prensky


The e-Life something on the Internet.”

Digital Natives

  • Coordinating

    • Projects, workgroups, MMORPGs

  • Evaluating

    • Reputation systems–Epinions, Amazon, Slashdot

  • Gaming

    • Solo, 1-on-1, small & large groups

  • Learning

    • About stuff that interests them

  • Evolving

    • Peripheral, emergent behaviors

  • Searching

    • Info, connections, people

  • Analyzing

    • SETI, drug molecules

  • Reporting

    • Moblogs, photos

  • Programming

    • Open systems, mods search

  • Socializing

    • Learning social behavior, influence

  • Growing Up

    • Exploring, transgressing

  • Communicating

    • email, IM, chat

  • Sharing

    • Blogs, MySpace

  • Buying & Selling

    • ebay, papers

  • Exchanging

    • p2p

  • Creating

    • sites, avatars, mods

  • Meeting

    • 3D chat rooms, dating

  • Collecting

    • mp3, video, sensor data

REFERENCE

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Today’s kids something on the Internet.”

know what engagement

feels like

© 2006 Marc Prensky


They want to something on the Internet.”

feel engaged

all the time

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Especially something on the Internet.”

when they are

learning!

© 2006 Marc Prensky


But much of our education something on the Internet.”is SO BORING…

© 2006 Marc Prensky


…that it feels like we’re putting something on the Internet.”depressantsin their food!

© 2006 Marc Prensky


even something on the Internet.”WITHtechnology!

© 2006 Marc Prensky


“Whenever I go to school I have to something on the Internet.”‘power down’”

– a high school student

© 2006 Marc Prensky

© 2003 Marc Prensky


“You do have to something on the Internet.”slow down when you’re talking to teachers.”

– a Liverpool student

© 2006 Marc Prensky

© 2003 Marc Prensky


For today’s students to learn, something on the Internet.”

ENGAGEMENT

Is

MORE IMPORTANT

than Content

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Why? something on the Internet.”

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Content something on the Internet.”

Will Change!

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Content won’t help something on the Internet.”

students continue to learn

throughout their lives, but

ENGAGEMENT

WILL!

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Outside something on the Internet.” of formal learning…

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Today’s Students something on the Internet.”areEmpowered

© 2006 Marc Prensky


“I want to do things that conform to something on the Internet.”

my time frame,

not someone else's."-- Matthew Kahlil, a senior at U.C.L.A., who goes to the movies less often than he used to.

© 2006 Marc Prensky


“Kids want to something on the Internet.”

put their own mark

on the site.”

– Deborah Schwartz, MOMA

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Today’s Students something on the Internet.”haveTools

© 2006 Marc Prensky


What’s different about the new technology is that it is something on the Internet.”

programmable.

– Alan Kay

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Today’s Students something on the Internet.”areHands-On

© 2006 Marc Prensky


“Players are something on the Internet.”producing as much as they are consuming

– perhaps more.”

– JC Herz

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Today’s Students something on the Internet.”Embrace Complexity

© 2006 Marc Prensky


“[They are] something on the Internet.”living in dataspace, begging to handle more simultaneous data streams than their parents ever imagined.”

-- Beck and Wade: Got Game

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Today’s Students something on the Internet.”want things to beFun

© 2006 Marc Prensky


“Fun is the act of something on the Internet.”mastering a

problem

mentally.”

-- Rafe Kotter: A Theory of Fun

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Today s students are not add but rather eoe
Today’s students are something on the Internet.”NOT“ADD”but rather“EOE”

© 2006 Marc Prensky


E ngage me or e nrage me
“E something on the Internet.”NGAGE MEorENRAGE ME”

© 2006 Marc Prensky


It’s not attention deficit – something on the Internet.”

I’m just not listening!

© 2006 Marc Prensky

© 2006 Marc Prensky


One place to go for engagement
One Place to Go For Engagement something on the Internet.”

© 2006 Marc Prensky


… in their pocket! something on the Internet.”

Almost EVERY student already

has a powerful computer…

© 2006 Marc Prensky


We should be something on the Internet.”

USING them!

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Mobile Phones Are something on the Internet.”

Powerful Computers

Inexpensive

Always in their pocket

Optimized for Communication

Full of Useful Add-ons

e.g. Cameras, GPS, internet

Easy to download to

Attachable to External input/output

Missing? Imagination!

© 2006 Marc Prensky


We Can Use Mobile Phones for Learning: something on the Internet.”

Skills.

Languages.

Poetry.

Literature.

Public Speaking.

Writing.

Storytelling.

History.

Surveys.

Polls.

Match-ups.

Testing.

Communication.

Memory aids.

Blogging.

…and even

assessment

© 2003 Marc Prensky

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Theme #3 something on the Internet.”Understandingand Dealing With

Change

© 2006 Marc Prensky


“Email is for something on the Internet.”

old people”

– A student

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Discontinuity: something on the Internet.”

Digital Technology

We are here

Our Lives

CHANGE

TIME

© 2006 Marc Prensky

© 2006 Marc Prensky


“Nothing ever wears out” something on the Internet.”

– A teacher

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Tool switching is already something on the Internet.” close to instantaneous

Yahoo Google Email IMiPod vPodmp3 wmaGameBoy DS, PSP

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Our something on the Internet.” Students’ Lives

CHANGE

TIME

© 2006 Marc Prensky

© 2006 Marc Prensky


The change that is something on the Internet.”THREATENINGto the Immigrants…

© 2006 Marc Prensky


“Most of us prefer to walk backward into the future, a posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

-- Charles Handy

© 2006 Marc Prensky


The change that is posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”THREATENINGto the immigrants…

…isEMPOWERINGto the natives!

© 2006 Marc Prensky


My New Book: posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

© 2006 Marc Prensky


© 2006 Marc Prensky posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”


IT power is posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”doublingevery year

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Sky Takemura-Sora Prensky posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

b. April 26, 2006

© 2006 Marc Prensky

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Question 4 posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

In 2036,How much more powerful will IT bethan it is today?

© 2006 Marc Prensky


How many times more powerful will IT be? posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

A one million times B ten million timesC one hundred million timesD one billion times

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Sky will be working with technology that is posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”1 billion timesmore powerful than today!

© 2006 Marc Prensky


2 posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”30

= 1,073,741,824

© 2006 Marc Prensky


What Does That Mean posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”?????????

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Pre - 21 posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”st Century

Solving problemswith the tools we have

21st Century+

Inventing new toolsto solve problems

© 2006 Marc Prensky


They’d better be posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

learning

PROGRAMMING

© 2006 Marc Prensky


When posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

will all this change

END!??

© 2006 Marc Prensky


IT WON’T !!! posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

© 2006 Marc Prensky


There’s no posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.” Destination!(Only the fast train)

© 2006 Marc Prensky


No One posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”In educationgets this yet

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Except, posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”of course…

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Our Students posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

© 2006 Marc Prensky


…their technology changes monthly! posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”e.g. PHONES: text, cameras, videos, motion sensors, diodes, sky tunes

© 2006 Marc Prensky


From now on, posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

Tools Will COME FAST…

  • Blogs

  • Wikis

  • Wikipedia

  • Podcasting

  • Polling Devices

  • Speed Enhancers

  • Cell Phones

  • Games

…and GO FAST

  • Wires

© 2006 Marc Prensky


In fact, posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”too fast to master!

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Today’s teachers posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”need to know

© 2006 Marc Prensky


How to Teach Using Tools posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”That are Unfamiliar, and That We Can’t Fully Master!

© 2006 Marc Prensky


My answer… posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

© 2006 Marc Prensky


It’s important that teachers posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

DON’T WASTE TIME

Learning to Use New Tools,

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Because… posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

© 2006 Marc Prensky


The kids can do that! posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

(and they want to)

© 2006 Marc Prensky


posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”Don’t try to keep up with the technology

-- you can’t”

– A 14 year old girl

© 2006 Marc Prensky


posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”You’ll only look stupid.”

– A 14 year old girl

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Teachers Need to: posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

© 2006 Marc Prensky


UNDERSTAND posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

New Technologies

© 2006 Marc Prensky


SO THEY CAN posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”HELP KIDS EVALUATE

THEM

© 2006 Marc Prensky


AND SO THEY CAN posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”TEACHKEY LESSONS

ABOUT THEM

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Recent New Tools posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

  • Email

  • Search

  • IM

  • Blogs

  • Wikis

  • Wikipedia

  • Podcasting

  • Polling Devices

  • P2P

  • Games

  • Networking

  • Augmented Reality

  • Texting

  • Cameras

  • GPS

  • Speed Enhancers

© 2006 Marc Prensky


How Teachers posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”Should Use New Tools

Assign

Evaluate

Teach

  • Search vs. Research

  • Fair Use vs. Plagiarism

Design

a Wikipedia

Entry for…

Wikipedia

  • Communication

  • Journalism

  • Use of MM

  • Creativity

  • Communication

  • Journalism

  • Use of MM

  • Creativity

Make a

Podcast

About…

  • Oral vs. Written

    Communication

Podcasts

IM

Design a

Class using

only IM

  • Usefulness

  • Breadth

  • Depth

  • Originality

  • Informal vs. Formal

    Language

Phone-based

cameras

Take and

Photoshop

To best

Illustrate…

  • Communication

  • Originality

  • Artistry

  • Technique

  • Pictures vs. Words

  • Appropriate vs. In-

    appropriate

  • Truth vs.

    Manipulation

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Theme posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”#4Achieving

MUTUAL RESPECT

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Interestingly, posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

vis-à-vis

the future,

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Most Educators posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

DISRESPECT

Our students

© 2006 Marc Prensky


…although posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

few of us

would admit it.

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Still, we say (or think) posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

things like

© 2006 Marc Prensky


“Stop playing those games and posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”get to useful learning”

© 2006 Marc Prensky


“Your games are a posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”waste of your time money and brain cells.”

– A parent

© 2006 Marc Prensky


This really posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

disrespects and hurts

the students…

© 2006 Marc Prensky


…who work enormously posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

hard for the results

they get

© 2006 Marc Prensky


“When I heard that, it broke my heart.” posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

– A kid

© 2006 Marc Prensky


And so, in turn… posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Students posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

DISRESPECT

Educators

© 2006 Marc Prensky


We teach them almost posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

nothing

about the future

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Which they have to posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

learn about

on their own --

After school

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Today’s Education is posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

Bifurcating

“School”

(Credentials)

Legacy Stuff

Irrelevant

PUSHED ON THEM

= Boring

“After School”

(21st century learning)

Future learning

Stuff they Know they Need

PULLED BY THEM

= exciting

© 2006 Marc Prensky


And since they know posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

technology

is the new literacy

© 2006 Marc Prensky


They see most of their teachers as posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

ILLITERATE

© 2006 Marc Prensky


And They Don’t Bother posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

Listening

© 2006 Marc Prensky


A recent Pew study posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

found 1/3 of college

students interviewed

admitted playing

games during class

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Even Their Parents posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

DISRESPECT

Educators

© 2006 Marc Prensky


posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”The cookies on my daughter’s computer know more about her interests than her teachers do.”

– Henry Kelly, President, FAS

© 2006 Marc Prensky


I believe… posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Disrespecting posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

each other

is the root of many of our problems

© 2006 Marc Prensky


To Get students to Listen… posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

They Have To Know

Teachers Respect Them!

© 2006 Marc Prensky


So… posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

© 2006 Marc Prensky


How Do We Get posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

RESPECT

For each other?

© 2006 Marc Prensky


  • We should posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

  • Foster the Message:

We Are All Learners

We Are All Teachers

© 2006 Marc Prensky


2. We should posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

Give them work

That is worth respecting!

© 2006 Marc Prensky


3. We should posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

Respect what the

kids find valuable…

Especially their games!

© 2006 Marc Prensky


If you only listened posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

to the Press…

© 2006 Marc Prensky


…you might think posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

Computer and

Video games…

© 2006 Marc Prensky


… were the posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”worst

things in the world

for kids.

© 2006 Marc Prensky


But the posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”TRUTH

Is that

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Games produce learning with engagement
Games produce posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”LEARNINGWITHENGAGEMENT

© 2006 Marc Prensky


posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”I love getting level-ups – knowing I’m getting better. I started at level one and now I’m on 40. Now I can do more things. I can keep going and it’s really fun.”

– Tyler, Age 10

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Kids play games posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

NOT because they are games,

but because they’re the

most engaging intellectual

thing they have

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Learning posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

is the real reason

they play!

(Shhh!)

© 2006 Marc Prensky


and the posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

Game System

Reviews

Official

sites

Fan sites

games

Mags

Blogs

IM/chat

is a big part of the

learning process

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Today’s Games: posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

Complexity Matters

“Mini”

5 min-2hours

TRIVIAL

Or, at best,

One-Noted

“Complex”

8-100 hours

NOT TRIVIAL

Complex Games take the same amount of

time as a course (30-100 hours)

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Dark Age of Camelot posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”


Today’s complex posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

Games are more like

INTELLECTUAL

SPORTS

© 2006 Marc Prensky


complex posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

What Kids Learn from Games

To cooperate, collaborate & work in teams,

i.e. to work effectively with others

To make effective decisions under stress

To take prudent risks in pursuit of objectives

To make ethical and moral decisions

To employ scientific deduction

To quickly master & apply new skills and information

To think laterally and strategically

To persist and solve difficult problems

To understand and deal with foreign

environments and cultures

To manage business and people

© 2006 Marc Prensky


And many people in their 20’s posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

attribute their success in

Leadership

Business

Medicine

Law

Military Roles

To their game playing

© 2006 Marc Prensky


“I remember my parents yelling at me for playing games. posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”They never know I had a 300 person guild to manage.”

-- Successful entrepreneur

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Game Training posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

For Laparoscopic Surgery

Dr. James Rosser, Beth Israel Hospital NYC


“Gamers have amassed posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”thousands of hours of rapidly analyzing new situations, interacting with characters they don’t really know, and solving problems quickly and independently.”

-- Beck and Wade, Got Game

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Gamer Attitudes posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

Beck and Wade: Got Game

  • Be a Hero

  • Immerse Yourself in Data

  • Make the Tough Calls

  • Take different perspectives

  • Make Things Better

  • Don’t be Afraid to Fail –

  • Take risks to get rewards

  • Winning Matters

  • Work in Teams

  • Take Responsibility

  • Add Value

© 2003 Marc Prensky

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Respecting Games: posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

  • Who plays a game that relates

  • to what we are discussing?

  • Can you think of an example

  • of this in your games?

  • How would we design

  • a game about this?

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Respecting Games: posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

Use Complex Games’Design Principlesto createengaging instruction

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Seven key things to take from complex game design

Eye Candy posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

Seven Key Things To Take From Complex Game Design:

Gameplay!

Goals

Engagement

Decisions

Adaptivity

Leveling-up

Iteration

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Seven key things to take from complex game design1
Seven Key Things To Take From Complex Game Design: posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

  • Focus on keeping players engaged every second

  • Limit Frills & Eye Candy, Go For Gameplay, i.e

  • Create goals important to the player (Be a Hero)

  • Add continuous, important decisions w/feedback

  • Employ “Leveling up” (to encourage practice)

  • Adapt continually to each individual on-the-fly

  • Forget theory -- try and iterate!

(Digital Immigrant Version)

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Respecting Kids? posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

“Whenever you add an instructional designer, they suck the fun out”

– A Game Designer

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Respecting Kids Means posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

“DON’T suck the fun out”

– The Kids

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Students posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

(Digital Natives)

prefer

ENGAGEMENT

Teachers/

Curriculum Designers

(Digital Immigrants)

are used to

  • Content First

  • Engagement First

  • Presentation

  • Gameplay

  • Few Decisions

  • Frequent Decisions

  • One Thing at a Time

  • Multiple Data Streams

  • In Person

  • Online

  • Once-and-done

  • Iterative

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Theme posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”#5

Sharing

Our Successes

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Today’s Young Learners posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”love toShare

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Digital Natives posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

“Sharing Is Power”Be the First to Post It

Digital Immigrants

“Knowledge is Power”Keep Information to yourself

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Many Teachers and Schools posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

are doing

Great Things!

© 2006 Marc Prensky


and yet… posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

© 2006 Marc Prensky


So Much posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

GOES TOWASTE

from being used by only

One Teacher,

In One Classroom

© 2006 Marc Prensky


If we could just posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

capture, access and re-use work already done,

we would be

HALFWAY THERE

© 2006 Marc Prensky


How? posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Use the posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

most powerful

technology tool

in the world

© 2006 Marc Prensky


G posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”oogle!

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Put it on the Web posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

!!!

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Do all teachers have posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

an easy way to put on the Web

an HTML page, a Video,

a Wiki and a Blog?

If not,

make it happen now!

© 2006 Marc Prensky


www.TimRylands.com posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Bottom line what can i do
Bottom Line: posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”What Can I Do?

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Just kidding
(Just Kidding) posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Make a real effort to
Make a posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”REAL effort to

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Understand posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

Your Students

© 2006 Marc Prensky


The e-Life posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

Digital Natives

  • Coordinating

    • Projects, workgroups, MMORPGs

  • Evaluating

    • Reputation systems–Epinions, Amazon, Slashdot

  • Gaming

    • Solo, 1-on-1, small & large groups

  • Learning

    • About stuff that interests them

  • Evolving

    • Peripheral, emergent behaviors

  • Searching

    • Info, connections, people

  • Analyzing

    • SETI, drug molecules

  • Reporting

    • Moblogs, photos

  • Programming

    • Open systems, mods search

  • Socializing

    • Learning social behavior, influence

  • Growing Up

    • Exploring, transgressing

  • Communicating

    • email, IM, chat

  • Sharing

    • Blogs, webcams

  • Buying & Selling

    • ebay, papers

  • Exchanging

    • music, movies, humor

  • Creating

    • sites, avatars, mods

  • Meeting

    • 3D chat rooms, dating

  • Collecting

    • mp3, video, sensor data

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Generate posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

Engagement

© 2006 Marc Prensky


ENGAGEMENT posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

Is

MORE IMPORTANT

than Content

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Deal with posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

Change

© 2006 Marc Prensky


…In the RIGHT way posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

Assign

Evaluate

Teach

  • Search vs. Research

  • Fair Use vs. Plagiarism

Design

a Wikipedia

Entry for…

Wikipedia

  • Communication

  • Journalism

  • Use of MM

  • Creativity

  • Communication

  • Journalism

  • Use of MM

  • Creativity

Make a

Podcast

About…

  • Oral vs. Written

    Communication

Podcasts

IM

Design a

Class using

only IM

  • Usefulness

  • Breadth

  • Depth

  • Originality

  • Informal vs. Formal

    Language

Phone-based

cameras

Take and

Photoshop

To best

Illustrate…

  • Communication

  • Originality

  • Artistry

  • Technique

  • Pictures vs. Words

  • Appropriate vs. In-

    appropriate

  • Truth vs.

    Manipulation

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Achieving posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

MUTUAL RESPECT

© 2006 Marc Prensky


We Are All Learners posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

We Are All Teachers

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Sharing Successes posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Put it on the Web!!! posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

© 2006 Marc Prensky


How do I do all that in this era of posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

Standards and Assessments?

© 2006 Marc Prensky


You don t
YOU DON’T!! posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

© 2006 Marc Prensky


You let the kids do it
You let the kids posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”do it!

© 2006 Marc Prensky


The prensky challenge
“The Prensky Challenge” posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

  • Let’s prepare a fabulous future curriculum (nanotech, genetics, protomics, robotics, bioethics, etc.) for the second half of the year

  • Which the kids can have IFF they complete the entire year’s standard curriculum in just half a year, AND

  • Everybody passes the standard tests (i.e. the faster students bring the slower ones along.)


Keep Asking the Key Questions posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

© 2006 Marc Prensky


“How much posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

of what I am teaching

will my students use

in the future?”

© 2006 Marc Prensky


“Would my students posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

even be here

if they didn’t have to?”

© 2006 Marc Prensky


WE posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”CAN

ENGAGE

OUR STUDENTS…

© 2006 Marc Prensky


and posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

HELP THEM

LEARN!

© 2006 Marc Prensky


No one says it’s posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

EASY,

© 2006 Marc Prensky


But that’s why they’ll posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

Thank Us

When we succeed

© 2006 Marc Prensky


and posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

We’ll Be Happier

too!

© 2006 Marc Prensky


They’re posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”our students

© 2006 Marc Prensky


We owe them posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

the best!

© 2006 Marc Prensky


so… posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Let's Go Do It! posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Thank You! posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”


email: posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”[email protected]

web sites:

www.marcprensky.com

www.socialimpactgames.com

www.gamesparentsteachers.com

www.games2train.com

·

·

© 2003 Marc Prensky

© 2006 Marc Prensky


CAIS - Day 2 Agenda posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

Marc Prensky

1.Feedback: Opinions, Affirmations, Dissents, Rants, Discussion, etc.

(with Digital Natives)

  • 1 Hour?

BREAK

  • 1 Hour?

  • 2. What Can/Should we do? Creative thinking based on the five keys

© 2003 Marc Prensky

© 2006 Marc Prensky


Take your best shot posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

at Prensky!

© 2006 Marc Prensky

© 2003 Marc Prensky


Our Students posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

Understanding

Generating

Engagement

Dealing With

Change

Sharing

Achieving

Our Successes

MUTUAL RESPECT

© 2006 Marc Prensky

Generating


Seven key things to take from complex game design2

Eye Candy posture which maybe uncomfortable but which at least allows us to keep on looking at familiar things as long as we can.”

Seven Key Things To Take From Complex Game Design:

Gameplay!

Goals

Engagement

Decisions

Adaptivity

Leveling-up

Iteration

© 2006 Marc Prensky


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