The conquest of Mexico. The Big Idea The Aztecs built a great empire in central Mexico but were conquered by the Spanish in 1521. Main Ideas The Aztecs built an empire through warfare and trade and created an impressive capital city in Mesoamerica (Tenochtitlan).
The Aztecs built a great empire in central Mexico but were conquered by the Spanish in 1521.
In the late 1400s Spanish explorers and soldiers arrived in the Americas. The soldiers, or conquistadors, came to explore new lands, search for gold, and spread the Catholic religion.
Cortés took Montezuma prisoner. The other Aztecs attacked Cortés and his men. The Spanish were driven out, but Montezuma was killed.
Now, your turn.. You will read 2 documents written from 2 different point of views of Aztecs and Spanish. Then we will record your opinion as a class. While you read keep in mind: 1. Did the Spaniards attack the Aztecs or were they defending themselves? Why did that happen? 2. Why didn’t Aztecs defeat themselves or did they?
Why didn’t Aztecs defeat themselves?
Be a historian…investigate! You will be working with a group, read the Aztec and Spanish account primary sources and underline key terms, and rewrite the events in the order they occurred Discuss with your group whose fault was the conquest of Mexico? Why?