Roots of the american people
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Roots of the American People. Section 1: Earliest People. 1 st Americans. Who were they? Asians Where did they come from? How did they reach the Americas? 2 Theories Land bridge Bering Strait bridge (Siberia—Alaska) Coastal-Route. LANDBRIDGE. COASTAL ROUTE THEORY.

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Roots of the American People

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Roots of the american people

Roots of the American People


Section 1 earliest people

Section 1: Earliest People


1 st americans

1st Americans

  • Who were they?

    • Asians

  • Where did they come from?

  • How did they reach the Americas?

  • 2 Theories

    • Land bridge

      • Bering Strait bridge (Siberia—Alaska)

    • Coastal-Route


Roots of the american people

LANDBRIDGE


Roots of the american people

COASTAL ROUTE THEORY


Who were these people why did they come to the americas

Who were these people? Why did they come to the Americas?

  • Hunters

    • Followed large animals (wooly mammoth)

    • Supplied all needs from animals

  • What happened when the large animals began to die out?

    • Environment Adaptation

  • Gatherers

    • Traveled across lands

    • Searched for wild plants/small animals


Neolithic revolution

Neolithic Revolution

  • Environment adaptation does not stop

    • Neolithic Revolution occurs

  • Technique of farming is developed

    • How does that affect society?


Affect of farming on society

Affect of Farming on Society

FARMING

BUILD CITIES

STOP TRAVELLING

ESTABLISH COMMUNITIES

CIVILIZATIONS DEVELOPED

GROW SURPLUS


3 early major civilizations of ancient america

3 Early/Major Civilizations of Ancient America

  • 1. Mayas

    • Where?

      • Mexico and Central America

    • When?

      • A.D. 250—A.D. 900

    • What did the civilization look like?

      • Pyramids, plazas, temples, ball courts, palaces

    • What advancements did they make?

      • Arts, government, written language, astronomy

    • What happened to them?

      • No one truly knows

      • Cities abandoned


3 early major civilizations of ancient america1

3 Early/Major Civilizations of Ancient America

  • 2. Aztecs

    • Where?

      • Mexico

      • Capital city Tenochtitlan (Mexico City) built on a lake

    • What did the civilization look like?

      • Very religious—many temples built for Aztec Gods

      • Human Sacrifice

      • Conquered/controlled large parts of Mexico

      • Obtained wealth from their conquered

        subjects


3 early major civilizations of ancient america2

3 Early/Major Civilizations of Ancient America

  • 3. Incas

    • Where?

      • South America—Andes Mountains

      • Capital City Cuzco: linked to other cities by network of roads

    • What was the civilization like?

      • Buildings made of immaculate carved stone

      • Intelligent engineers

      • Skilled in metalwork/weavings

      • Vast amount of gold and silver


Section 2 cultures of north america

Section 2: Cultures of North America


Early peoples of north america

Early peoples of North America

  • Civilizations in North America

    • Mound Builders

      • Where?

        • Lived in the vast region from Appalachian Mts. and Mississippi Valley

        • Multitude of different tribes

      • Purpose of Mounds

        • Burial grounds or public buildings

      • Who were these people?

        • Largest group: Mississippians


Roots of the american people

http://youtu.be/vTrVZr-DLHQ


Early peoples of north america1

Early peoples of North America

  • Anasazi

    • Where?

      • Southern Utah, Colorado, Northern Arizona, New Mexico

    • What was civilization like?

      • Large cliff dwellings

      • Made pottery, jewelry, baskets

      • Heavy traders

    • What happened to them?

      • Homes were eventually abandoned


Early peoples of north america2

Early peoples of North America

  • Hohokam

    • Where?

      • Arizona

    • When?

      • Reigned from B.C. 300—A.D. 1450

    • What was the civilization like?

      • Skilled farmers, mastered irrigation

      • Heavy traders


Living as a native in north america

Living as a Native in North America

  • Lived in areas called culture areas

    • Populations grew larger in farming areas

  • Basic needs

    • Women were collectors

    • Men were hunters

  • Tools

    • Developed from sticks, animal bones, rocks, and shells

  • Beliefs

    • Focused on a relationship with nature

    • Established own creation stories


Culture areas of north america

Culture Areas of North America

  • Far North

    • 2 Regions:

      • Arctic:

        • cold, ice covered ground all year

        • No cities

        • Hunted whale, seal, walruses in winter, caribou in summer

      • Subarctic

        • Dense forests

        • Too cold for farming

        • Hunted to survive


Culture areas of north america1

Culture Areas of North America

  • Northwest

    • Alaska down into northern California

    • Land filled with plentiful amount of food

    • Large cities developed despite no farming


Culture areas of north america2

Culture Areas of North America

  • Far West: Consists of 3 regions

    • 1. California

    • 2. Great Basin

    • 3. Plateau

  • Northern region

    • Harsh winters, forest and grassland

  • Southern region

    • Desert like lifestyle

  • California region

    • Warm summers, mild winters, abundant food

  • Housing

    • Pit houses

    • Coned bark

    • Wooden plank


Culture areas of north america3

Culture Areas of North America

  • Southwest

    • Arizona, New Mexico, southern Utah, and Colorado

    • Mostly dry: few rainy seasons

    • Farming took place with irrigation, some hunting/gathering

    • Pueblos were successful homes


Culture areas of north america4

Culture Areas of North America

  • Great Plains

    • Large region located between Mississippi River and Rocky Mts.

      • Eastern part

        • farmers, women were the planters

        • Earth homes

      • Western part

        • No farming, treeless region

        • Tepees, pits

        • Hunted buffalo


Culture areas of north america5

Culture Areas of North America

  • Eastern Woodlands

    • Northeastern part of North America

    • Full dense forests

    • 2 large groups

      • Algonquian—Southern Canada, Great Lakes, Atlantic coast

      • Iroquois—New York

        • Women were important, owned all property, chose leaders

        • Formed a Union to keep peace. LEAGUE OF IROQUOIS


Culture areas of north america6

Culture Areas of North America

  • Southeast

    • Mild climate with hot summers

    • Idealistic for farming

    • Large native tribes

      • Cherokee, Creek, Natchez

    • Mud plastered homes


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