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Roots of the American People. Section 1: Earliest People. 1 st Americans. Who were they? Asians Where did they come from? How did they reach the Americas? 2 Theories Land bridge Bering Strait bridge (Siberia—Alaska) Coastal-Route. LANDBRIDGE. COASTAL ROUTE THEORY.

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1 st americans
1st Americans
  • Who were they?
    • Asians
  • Where did they come from?
  • How did they reach the Americas?
  • 2 Theories
    • Land bridge
      • Bering Strait bridge (Siberia—Alaska)
    • Coastal-Route
who were these people why did they come to the americas
Who were these people? Why did they come to the Americas?
  • Hunters
    • Followed large animals (wooly mammoth)
    • Supplied all needs from animals
  • What happened when the large animals began to die out?
    • Environment Adaptation
  • Gatherers
    • Traveled across lands
    • Searched for wild plants/small animals
neolithic revolution
Neolithic Revolution
  • Environment adaptation does not stop
    • Neolithic Revolution occurs
  • Technique of farming is developed
    • How does that affect society?
affect of farming on society
Affect of Farming on Society

FARMING

BUILD CITIES

STOP TRAVELLING

ESTABLISH COMMUNITIES

CIVILIZATIONS DEVELOPED

GROW SURPLUS

3 early major civilizations of ancient america
3 Early/Major Civilizations of Ancient America
  • 1. Mayas
    • Where?
      • Mexico and Central America
    • When?
      • A.D. 250—A.D. 900
    • What did the civilization look like?
      • Pyramids, plazas, temples, ball courts, palaces
    • What advancements did they make?
      • Arts, government, written language, astronomy
    • What happened to them?
      • No one truly knows
      • Cities abandoned
3 early major civilizations of ancient america1
3 Early/Major Civilizations of Ancient America
  • 2. Aztecs
    • Where?
      • Mexico
      • Capital city Tenochtitlan (Mexico City) built on a lake
    • What did the civilization look like?
      • Very religious—many temples built for Aztec Gods
      • Human Sacrifice
      • Conquered/controlled large parts of Mexico
      • Obtained wealth from their conquered

subjects

3 early major civilizations of ancient america2
3 Early/Major Civilizations of Ancient America
  • 3. Incas
    • Where?
      • South America—Andes Mountains
      • Capital City Cuzco: linked to other cities by network of roads
    • What was the civilization like?
      • Buildings made of immaculate carved stone
      • Intelligent engineers
      • Skilled in metalwork/weavings
      • Vast amount of gold and silver
early peoples of north america
Early peoples of North America
  • Civilizations in North America
    • Mound Builders
      • Where?
        • Lived in the vast region from Appalachian Mts. and Mississippi Valley
        • Multitude of different tribes
      • Purpose of Mounds
        • Burial grounds or public buildings
      • Who were these people?
        • Largest group: Mississippians
early peoples of north america1
Early peoples of North America
  • Anasazi
    • Where?
      • Southern Utah, Colorado, Northern Arizona, New Mexico
    • What was civilization like?
      • Large cliff dwellings
      • Made pottery, jewelry, baskets
      • Heavy traders
    • What happened to them?
      • Homes were eventually abandoned
early peoples of north america2
Early peoples of North America
  • Hohokam
    • Where?
      • Arizona
    • When?
      • Reigned from B.C. 300—A.D. 1450
    • What was the civilization like?
      • Skilled farmers, mastered irrigation
      • Heavy traders
living as a native in north america
Living as a Native in North America
  • Lived in areas called culture areas
    • Populations grew larger in farming areas
  • Basic needs
    • Women were collectors
    • Men were hunters
  • Tools
    • Developed from sticks, animal bones, rocks, and shells
  • Beliefs
    • Focused on a relationship with nature
    • Established own creation stories
culture areas of north america
Culture Areas of North America
  • Far North
    • 2 Regions:
      • Arctic:
        • cold, ice covered ground all year
        • No cities
        • Hunted whale, seal, walruses in winter, caribou in summer
      • Subarctic
        • Dense forests
        • Too cold for farming
        • Hunted to survive
culture areas of north america1
Culture Areas of North America
  • Northwest
    • Alaska down into northern California
    • Land filled with plentiful amount of food
    • Large cities developed despite no farming
culture areas of north america2
Culture Areas of North America
  • Far West: Consists of 3 regions
    • 1. California
    • 2. Great Basin
    • 3. Plateau
  • Northern region
    • Harsh winters, forest and grassland
  • Southern region
    • Desert like lifestyle
  • California region
    • Warm summers, mild winters, abundant food
  • Housing
    • Pit houses
    • Coned bark
    • Wooden plank
culture areas of north america3
Culture Areas of North America
  • Southwest
    • Arizona, New Mexico, southern Utah, and Colorado
    • Mostly dry: few rainy seasons
    • Farming took place with irrigation, some hunting/gathering
    • Pueblos were successful homes
culture areas of north america4
Culture Areas of North America
  • Great Plains
    • Large region located between Mississippi River and Rocky Mts.
      • Eastern part
        • farmers, women were the planters
        • Earth homes
      • Western part
        • No farming, treeless region
        • Tepees, pits
        • Hunted buffalo
culture areas of north america5
Culture Areas of North America
  • Eastern Woodlands
    • Northeastern part of North America
    • Full dense forests
    • 2 large groups
      • Algonquian—Southern Canada, Great Lakes, Atlantic coast
      • Iroquois—New York
        • Women were important, owned all property, chose leaders
        • Formed a Union to keep peace. LEAGUE OF IROQUOIS
culture areas of north america6
Culture Areas of North America
  • Southeast
    • Mild climate with hot summers
    • Idealistic for farming
    • Large native tribes
      • Cherokee, Creek, Natchez
    • Mud plastered homes
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