Roots of the american people
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Roots of the American People. Section 1: Earliest People. 1 st Americans. Who were they? Asians Where did they come from? How did they reach the Americas? 2 Theories Land bridge Bering Strait bridge (Siberia—Alaska) Coastal-Route. LANDBRIDGE. COASTAL ROUTE THEORY.

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1 st americans
1st Americans

  • Who were they?

    • Asians

  • Where did they come from?

  • How did they reach the Americas?

  • 2 Theories

    • Land bridge

      • Bering Strait bridge (Siberia—Alaska)

    • Coastal-Route




Who were these people why did they come to the americas
Who were these people? Why did they come to the Americas?

  • Hunters

    • Followed large animals (wooly mammoth)

    • Supplied all needs from animals

  • What happened when the large animals began to die out?

    • Environment Adaptation

  • Gatherers

    • Traveled across lands

    • Searched for wild plants/small animals


Neolithic revolution
Neolithic Revolution

  • Environment adaptation does not stop

    • Neolithic Revolution occurs

  • Technique of farming is developed

    • How does that affect society?


Affect of farming on society
Affect of Farming on Society

FARMING

BUILD CITIES

STOP TRAVELLING

ESTABLISH COMMUNITIES

CIVILIZATIONS DEVELOPED

GROW SURPLUS


3 early major civilizations of ancient america
3 Early/Major Civilizations of Ancient America

  • 1. Mayas

    • Where?

      • Mexico and Central America

    • When?

      • A.D. 250—A.D. 900

    • What did the civilization look like?

      • Pyramids, plazas, temples, ball courts, palaces

    • What advancements did they make?

      • Arts, government, written language, astronomy

    • What happened to them?

      • No one truly knows

      • Cities abandoned


3 early major civilizations of ancient america1
3 Early/Major Civilizations of Ancient America

  • 2. Aztecs

    • Where?

      • Mexico

      • Capital city Tenochtitlan (Mexico City) built on a lake

    • What did the civilization look like?

      • Very religious—many temples built for Aztec Gods

      • Human Sacrifice

      • Conquered/controlled large parts of Mexico

      • Obtained wealth from their conquered

        subjects


3 early major civilizations of ancient america2
3 Early/Major Civilizations of Ancient America

  • 3. Incas

    • Where?

      • South America—Andes Mountains

      • Capital City Cuzco: linked to other cities by network of roads

    • What was the civilization like?

      • Buildings made of immaculate carved stone

      • Intelligent engineers

      • Skilled in metalwork/weavings

      • Vast amount of gold and silver



Early peoples of north america
Early peoples of North America

  • Civilizations in North America

    • Mound Builders

      • Where?

        • Lived in the vast region from Appalachian Mts. and Mississippi Valley

        • Multitude of different tribes

      • Purpose of Mounds

        • Burial grounds or public buildings

      • Who were these people?

        • Largest group: Mississippians



Early peoples of north america1
Early peoples of North America

  • Anasazi

    • Where?

      • Southern Utah, Colorado, Northern Arizona, New Mexico

    • What was civilization like?

      • Large cliff dwellings

      • Made pottery, jewelry, baskets

      • Heavy traders

    • What happened to them?

      • Homes were eventually abandoned


Early peoples of north america2
Early peoples of North America

  • Hohokam

    • Where?

      • Arizona

    • When?

      • Reigned from B.C. 300—A.D. 1450

    • What was the civilization like?

      • Skilled farmers, mastered irrigation

      • Heavy traders


Living as a native in north america
Living as a Native in North America

  • Lived in areas called culture areas

    • Populations grew larger in farming areas

  • Basic needs

    • Women were collectors

    • Men were hunters

  • Tools

    • Developed from sticks, animal bones, rocks, and shells

  • Beliefs

    • Focused on a relationship with nature

    • Established own creation stories


Culture areas of north america
Culture Areas of North America

  • Far North

    • 2 Regions:

      • Arctic:

        • cold, ice covered ground all year

        • No cities

        • Hunted whale, seal, walruses in winter, caribou in summer

      • Subarctic

        • Dense forests

        • Too cold for farming

        • Hunted to survive


Culture areas of north america1
Culture Areas of North America

  • Northwest

    • Alaska down into northern California

    • Land filled with plentiful amount of food

    • Large cities developed despite no farming


Culture areas of north america2
Culture Areas of North America

  • Far West: Consists of 3 regions

    • 1. California

    • 2. Great Basin

    • 3. Plateau

  • Northern region

    • Harsh winters, forest and grassland

  • Southern region

    • Desert like lifestyle

  • California region

    • Warm summers, mild winters, abundant food

  • Housing

    • Pit houses

    • Coned bark

    • Wooden plank


Culture areas of north america3
Culture Areas of North America

  • Southwest

    • Arizona, New Mexico, southern Utah, and Colorado

    • Mostly dry: few rainy seasons

    • Farming took place with irrigation, some hunting/gathering

    • Pueblos were successful homes


Culture areas of north america4
Culture Areas of North America

  • Great Plains

    • Large region located between Mississippi River and Rocky Mts.

      • Eastern part

        • farmers, women were the planters

        • Earth homes

      • Western part

        • No farming, treeless region

        • Tepees, pits

        • Hunted buffalo


Culture areas of north america5
Culture Areas of North America

  • Eastern Woodlands

    • Northeastern part of North America

    • Full dense forests

    • 2 large groups

      • Algonquian—Southern Canada, Great Lakes, Atlantic coast

      • Iroquois—New York

        • Women were important, owned all property, chose leaders

        • Formed a Union to keep peace. LEAGUE OF IROQUOIS


Culture areas of north america6
Culture Areas of North America

  • Southeast

    • Mild climate with hot summers

    • Idealistic for farming

    • Large native tribes

      • Cherokee, Creek, Natchez

    • Mud plastered homes


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