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The European Union: PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The European Union:. Concept began with Winston Churchill after WWII 1992 – Officially began 2000 – Euro € became official currency of the EU Today there are 27 countries in the EU. The United Kingdom. Nations Included: England, Wales,

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The European Union:

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The European Union:

  • Concept began with Winston Churchill after WWII

  • 1992 – Officially began

  • 2000 – Euro € became official currency of the EU

  • Today there are 27 countries in the EU

The United Kingdom

Nations Included: England, Wales,

Scotland & No. Ireland

Capital: London (Urban area population of 9.8 million ) Population of UK: 60.9m

Great Britain (Britain) is made up of England, Scotland and Wales, whereas the UK is Britain as well as Northern Ireland.

Money: British Pound 1 = $1.66

  • Member of the E.U. but do NOT use the Euro

Government:Constitutional Monarchy- Queen Elizabeth II is Figure-Head leader

Has 2 houses:

House of Lords

House of Commons



  • David Cameron – Prime Minister

    Elected 2010

Church of England



Other Christian


Muslim &



Climate: Mostly Marine West Coast


-English w/ many





-Many other foreign languages

Natural Resources:

  • Coal, oil, natural gas

  • Tin, limestone

  • Iron ore, salt

  • Potatoes, fish

Cross of

St. Charles


Cross of

St. Andrews


Cross of

St. Patrick (Irish)

Flag of the United Kingdom:

A large circle of huge stones

Built in 3 stages b/t 3000-1000 BC

Temple for Druids? Sun dial? Calendar stone?

Don’t know the actual reason!

Stonehenge: located south of London on a large plain

Royal Shakespearian Theatre built here in 1952

Stratford upon Avon: Birthplace of William Shakespeare

Considered the greatest dramatist in the world

Wrote 37 plays

154 sonnets

Other poems

Wm. Shakespeare: 1565-1616

Anne Hathaway’s Home - Shakespeare’s wife

Thatched Roofs: Cottages in Stratford are built with thatched roofs from local grass

A series of military campaigns to regain Jerusalem from the Islamic people

Took place b/t 1095-1291

Basically a failure that caused long lasting hatred and shattered lives


Oldest institution of higher learning in the English-speaking world

1st classes began in 1117

Located north of London

Oxford University:

Official residence of the British kings and queens

600 rooms filled

with beautiful art

Home of QEII

Buckingham Palace

Changing of the guard atBuckingham Palace

Named after Sir Benjamin Hall in 1859

Ben is the bell not the tower

Bell is 13.5 tons

Can be heard all over London

Located by Parliament on Thames River

Big Ben:

Located in central London

Celebrates the British naval commander, Sir. Horatio Nelson – He defeated Napolean.

Trafalgar Square

Obelisk taken to London from Egypt by the Romans

Located along the Thames River bank

Once belonged to Cleopatra

Cleopatra’s Needle

Once a Catholic Church

but changed by Henry VIII

Now Church of England

Plagued by

numerous fires


Paintings, etc

Princess Diana was married here to Prince Charles

St. Paul’s Cathedral:

Located over Thames River in London

Tower Bridge:

Royal Palace

Located 22 mi south of London

Overlooks the Thames River

“Keep” or round part is most likely where the knights of the round table met during King Arthur’s time (Camelot)

Windsor Castle:

Located on the north bank of the Thames River

Built 1078

Once royal


Later a prison

Today it is where

the crown jewels

are kept

Tower of London:

Most famous of all England’s churches

Built in 1245

Style is French Gothic

Where Princess Diana’s funeral was held

Westminster Cathedral





32 mile long tunnel b/t England and France

3 tubes (tunnels) 2 for trains going each direction and 1 for service

Takes about 35 minutes to go under the ocean floor!


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