Youth Priorities and Electoral Participation:  Canada and the Third World -A comparative framework
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Youth Priorities and Electoral Participation: Canada and the Third World -A comparative framework Youth priorities and political participation in Canada Priorities of the Third World youth. To have an interest in politics, what do Canadian youth need? Knowledge to participate

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Youth Priorities and Electoral Participation: Canada and the Third World -A comparative framework

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Youth priorities and electoral participation canada and the third world a comparative framework

  • Youth Priorities and Electoral Participation: Canada and the Third World -A comparative framework

    • Youth priorities and political participation in Canada

    • Priorities of the Third World youth


Youth priorities and electoral participation canada and the third world a comparative framework

  • To have an interest in politics, what do Canadian youth need?

    • Knowledge to participate

    • A sense that politics matters to them and that they can make a difference

    • A sense of belonging and being part of the society.


Youth priorities and electoral participation canada and the third world a comparative framework

Political efficacy theory:

Youth participation would be higher when a greater segment of youth in a society feels that individual citizen’s decisions to vote or participate can change politics and society


Youth priorities and electoral participation canada and the third world a comparative framework

  • 2 kinds of efficacy:

  • Internal efficacy: belief and reliance on one’s ability to understand politics and vote

  • External efficacy: Believing that the government or parties would be responsive to people’s demands


Youth priorities and electoral participation canada and the third world a comparative framework

  • 2004 Canadian Election Study:

  • A rolling cross-section campaign

  • survey with a representative sample of

  • 4,323 Canadians (55% response rate)

  • A post-election survey

  • A Mail-back questionnaire


Youth priorities and electoral participation canada and the third world a comparative framework

2004 Federal election in Canada show:

Youth (age 18 to 29) voting: 15 points lower than the level among older voters (age 30 + )

What are the priorities of the youth?

Health care


Youth priorities and electoral participation canada and the third world a comparative framework

  • The decline in youth participation is not due to political cynicism as they seem to have strong views on socio-political issues.

    • What are their views on:

      • Business interests

      • Social issues

      • Groups in society

      • Law & order


Youth priorities and electoral participation canada and the third world a comparative framework

  • The decline in youth participation is not due to political cynicism as they seem to have strong views on socio-political issues.

    • What are their views on:

      • Business interests

      • Social issues

      • Groups in society

      • Law & order


Youth priorities and electoral participation canada and the third world a comparative framework

  • The decline in youth participation is not due to political cynicism as they seem to have strong views on socio-political issues.

    • What are their views on:

      • Business interests

      • Social issues

      • Groups in society

      • Law & order


Youth priorities and electoral participation canada and the third world a comparative framework

  • The decline in youth participation is not due to political cynicism as they seem to have strong views on socio-political issues.

    • What are their views on:

      • Business interests

      • Social issues

      • Groups in society

      • Law & order


Youth priorities and electoral participation canada and the third world a comparative framework

Declining Participationat Parliamentary elections as % of age-eligible electors

http://www.elections.org.nz/now-or-never-lit-review.html


Youth priorities and electoral participation canada and the third world a comparative framework

  • Youth Priorities and Electoral Participation: Canada and the Third World -A comparative framework

    • Youth priorities and political participation in Canada

    • Priorities of the Third World youth


Youth priorities and electoral participation canada and the third world a comparative framework

  • Some Priorities of the Third World Youth:

  • Teenage marriage

    • • Increase protection against the harmful effects of early marriage;

    • • Amend legislation to ensure that boys are treated as equally as girls.

  • Honour killing

    • • Review legislation;

    • • Develop awareness raising and education campaigns to combat discriminatory attitudes and harmful traditions affecting girls;

http://72.14.207.104/search?q=cache:LzJymUC4rkJ:www.iyfnet.org/uploads/what_works_in_youth_par.pdf+what+works+youth+participation&hl=en&client=firefox-a


Youth priorities and electoral participation canada and the third world a comparative framework

  • • Develop special training and resources for law enforcement personnel.

  • Female genital mutilation

    • • Undertake strong and effectively targeted information campaigns to combat this phenomenon;

    • • Adopt legislation with extraterritorial reach to protect children within the State’s jurisdiction from female genital mutilation outside its territory.


  • Youth priorities and electoral participation canada and the third world a comparative framework

    • About half the population in the world are youth aged 20 and below

    • http://esa.un.org/unpp/p2k0data.asp

    • In LDCs: 80% global young people live.

    • Youth comprise up to 70 % of some nations’ populations

    • Jennifer Corriero January 2004 Role of Youth Survey

    • http://research.takingitglobal.org/roleofyouth/


    Youth priorities and electoral participation canada and the third world a comparative framework

    World Population 2000 (by Age - in thousands)

    http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/unyin/documents/ch04.pdf


    Youth priorities and electoral participation canada and the third world a comparative framework

    http://www.un.org/esa/population/publications/WPP2004/World_Population_2004_chart.pdf


    Youth priorities and electoral participation canada and the third world a comparative framework

    Major problems that the Third World Youth face are AIDS, hunger, unemployment, and social inequities


    Youth priorities and electoral participation canada and the third world a comparative framework

    http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/unyin/documents/ch04.pdf


    Youth priorities and electoral participation canada and the third world a comparative framework

    http://www.fessrilanka.org/fes/Links/pdf/pub/sly/sly2.pdf


    Youth priorities and electoral participation canada and the third world a comparative framework

    The Youth and the Challenge of Democratisation:A Comparative Study of Survey Data from India and Sri Lanka* Subrata K. Mitra Mike Enskat Karsten Frey http://www.fessrilanka.org/fes/Links/pdf/pub/sly/sly2.pdf


    Youth priorities and electoral participation canada and the third world a comparative framework

    Jennifer Corriero January 2004 Role of Youth Survey

    research.takingitglobal.org/roleofyouth/Role%20of%20Youth%20Findings.doc -


    Youth priorities and electoral participation canada and the third world a comparative framework

    How Youth Respondents in Regions Identified Themselves

    Jennifer Corriero research.takingitglobal.org/roleofyouth/Role%20of%20Youth%20Findings.doc


    Youth priorities and electoral participation canada and the third world a comparative framework

    • An electronic survey (2002) was sent out to over 15,000 people from over 190 countries

    • Total sample: 1443 respondents from 126 countries.

      • North America (29.2%)

      • Africa (27.4%)

      • Middle East, 14.3%

      • Europe, 7.1%

      • Asia & Oceania 6.9%

      • South and Central America 4.3%

    • Gender:

      • male 58.7%

      • female 38.7%


    Youth priorities and electoral participation canada and the third world a comparative framework

    • Consumer culture: great influence on today’s youth (76%)

    • Education: important (89%)

    • Not equipped with job skills: 62.2%

    • Sustainability: top 10 only in Africa and Asia

    • Employment:top 3 & first in South America

    • (See graph)


    Youth priorities and electoral participation canada and the third world a comparative framework

    Top 10 issues and interests of youth by region


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