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COUNTRY REPORT: KENYA. Presented to the FIG Commission 7 Annual Meeting, Krakow, Poland. September 17 - 23, 2003. by Jasper Ntwiga Mwenda. GENERAL. INDEPENDENCE 12 December 1963 Former British Colony & Protectorate REPUBLIC 12 December 1964 Executive President. GENERAL.

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Country report kenya l.jpg

COUNTRY REPORT: KENYA

Presented to the FIG Commission 7

Annual Meeting, Krakow, Poland.

September 17 - 23, 2003.

by

Jasper Ntwiga Mwenda


General l.jpg
GENERAL

  • INDEPENDENCE

    • 12 December 1963

    • Former British Colony & Protectorate

  • REPUBLIC

    • 12 December 1964

    • Executive President


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GENERAL

  • AREA: Over 582600 sq. Km

  • POPULATION: 28.7million (1999 census)

    • Current estimate: 31 million

    • National pop.growth rate: 2.9%

    • Rural: 78% Urban 22%

    • Female: 50.5% Men: 49.5%

    • High potential land: 30%


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URBAN AREAS

  • Urban pop. Growth rate: 6.5% pa

  • Smaller towns ~ 9.1%

  • Nairobi has 36% of urban population

  • Estimated 65% Nairobi population lives in informal settlements – may be higher in smaller towns.


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CATEGORIES OF LAND

  • 1. Government Land (~10%).

    • Control by central government.

  • 2. Private Land (~20%).

    • Freehold or leasehold tenure

  • 3 . Trust Land (~70%).

    • Held in trust for residents by County Councils (local authorities) until formalization of rights.

  • May be re-designated soon


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THE MAIN LAND REFORM PROGRAMMES

  • 1. Land distribution – allocation

  • 2. Land formalization

  • 3. Land redistribution


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LAND DISTRIBUTION - ALLOCATION

  • From government to private ownership

    • Sporadic

    • Varying sizes and user

  • Over 100 years

  • By 2001, about 230,000 parcels allocated



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LAND REDISTRIBUTION

  • Subdivision and allocation of large farms, previously owned by settlers to larger numbers of farmers

  • White settlers owned 7.5 million acres (~ 3 m ha) of farm land – about 30% of high potential land

  • Two approaches used: -

    • 1. Government initiative (WB, UK, Germany etc.)

    • 2. Private – Land buying Co., Co-op & self-help groups

  • Private initiatives have settled more people



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LAND REGISTRATION

  • Title and deeds systems in existence

  • Intention to phase out deeds system since 1920

    • Deeds system exist because conversion voluntary or when transaction involving title occurs


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LAND FORMALIZATION

  • Land under customary tenure brought to the register. Freehold title for agricultural use.

  • English system of registration

  • Systematic approach used

  • Three different approaches: -

    • 1. Consolidation

    • 2. Enclosure of existing parcels

    • 3. Identification of group ranches


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DEEDS SYSTEMS

  • Exist under three Acts

    • 1. Registration of Documents Act, 1901 – simple deeds system

    • 2. Land Titles Act, 1908. Simple then upgraded to advanced in 1911.

    • 3. Government Lands Act, 1915 – Advanced deeds system.


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TITLE SYSTEMS

  • Two title registration systems: -

    • 1. Registration of Titles Act, 1920

      • Requires fixed boundary surveys

      • Torrens system

      • Slightly over 200000 titles

    • Registered Land Act, 1963

      • Serves both general and fixed boundaries systems

      • English title system

      • > 2 million titles



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LAND ADMINISTRATION ARRANGEMENTS

  • MINISTRY OF LANDS & SETTLEMENT – Main player

  • Departments within Min. of Lands & Settlement: -

    • 1. Lands – Allocation of Govt. land, Govt. valuation, registration of land

    • 2. Survey of Kenya – Surveying and Mapping. Licensed surveyors also involved in title surveys

    • 3. Land Adjudication & Settlement – formalization, redistributive and consolidation reforms

    • 4. Physical Planning – planning of land

    • 5. Administration – coordination of activities within the Ministry

  • Other authorities: -

    • a. Office of the President – especially allocations

    • b. Min. of Roads & Public Works

    • c. Min. of Agriculture

    • d. Min. of Local Government

    • etc.


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INSTITUTIONS FOR TRAINING SURVEYORS

  • UNIVERSITIES

    • University of Nairobi

    • Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture & Technology

  • POLYTECHNIC/COLLEGE

    • The Kenya Polytechnic

    • Kenya Institute of Surveying & Mapping



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PROFESSIONAL MEMBERSHIP (Institution of Surveyors of Kenya)


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SOME CURRENT LAND ISSUES

  • 1. Constitutional conference in progress

    • - greater control by communities in land allocation

    • - more accountability with regard to community land

    • - redesignation of land categories

    • - National Land Commission (being discussed)

  • 2. Repossession of ”illegally allocated” land

  • 3. ”New generation” title deeds (?)

  • 3. Informal settlements – upgrading

    • - what rights and to whom

    • - MOU with UN-Habitat


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LAND ISSUES (contd)

  • 4. Computerization of land records

    • A number of initiates with a number of donors on going but little coordination between donors

    • Physical Planning – France

    • Survey of Kenya – Japan, France

    • Adjudication & Settlement – Germany

    • Lands – UK, Denmark

    • Advertisement in May in Press seeking solution

  • 5. Need for better coordination between Ministries with regard to land issues


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KENYA IS A WONDERFUL COUNTRY. PAY US A VISIT AND SEE FOR YOURSELF

THANK YOU

dziekuye bardzo

Do-zabacze nia w Kenii

GENERAL


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