Country report kenya l.jpg
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 27

COUNTRY REPORT: KENYA PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 115 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

COUNTRY REPORT: KENYA. Presented to the FIG Commission 7 Annual Meeting, Krakow, Poland. September 17 - 23, 2003. by Jasper Ntwiga Mwenda. GENERAL. INDEPENDENCE 12 December 1963 Former British Colony & Protectorate REPUBLIC 12 December 1964 Executive President. GENERAL.

Download Presentation

COUNTRY REPORT: KENYA

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Country report kenya l.jpg

COUNTRY REPORT: KENYA

Presented to the FIG Commission 7

Annual Meeting, Krakow, Poland.

September 17 - 23, 2003.

by

Jasper Ntwiga Mwenda


General l.jpg

GENERAL

  • INDEPENDENCE

    • 12 December 1963

    • Former British Colony & Protectorate

  • REPUBLIC

    • 12 December 1964

    • Executive President


General4 l.jpg

GENERAL

  • AREA: Over 582600 sq. Km

  • POPULATION: 28.7million (1999 census)

    • Current estimate: 31 million

    • National pop.growth rate: 2.9%

    • Rural: 78% Urban 22%

    • Female: 50.5% Men: 49.5%

    • High potential land: 30%


Urban areas l.jpg

URBAN AREAS

  • Urban pop. Growth rate: 6.5% pa

  • Smaller towns ~ 9.1%

  • Nairobi has 36% of urban population

  • Estimated 65% Nairobi population lives in informal settlements – may be higher in smaller towns.


Categories of land l.jpg

CATEGORIES OF LAND

  • 1. Government Land (~10%).

    • Control by central government.

  • 2. Private Land (~20%).

    • Freehold or leasehold tenure

  • 3 . Trust Land (~70%).

    • Held in trust for residents by County Councils (local authorities) until formalization of rights.

  • May be re-designated soon


The main land reform programmes l.jpg

THE MAIN LAND REFORM PROGRAMMES

  • 1. Land distribution – allocation

  • 2. Land formalization

  • 3. Land redistribution


Land distribution allocation l.jpg

LAND DISTRIBUTION - ALLOCATION

  • From government to private ownership

    • Sporadic

    • Varying sizes and user

  • Over 100 years

  • By 2001, about 230,000 parcels allocated


Progress of land reforms on trust land l.jpg

PROGRESS OF LAND REFORMS ON TRUST LAND


Land redistribution l.jpg

LAND REDISTRIBUTION

  • Subdivision and allocation of large farms, previously owned by settlers to larger numbers of farmers

  • White settlers owned 7.5 million acres (~ 3 m ha) of farm land – about 30% of high potential land

  • Two approaches used: -

    • 1. Government initiative (WB, UK, Germany etc.)

    • 2. Private – Land buying Co., Co-op & self-help groups

  • Private initiatives have settled more people


Status of land redistribution programme 2001 l.jpg

STATUS OF LAND REDISTRIBUTION PROGRAMME (2001)


Land registration l.jpg

LAND REGISTRATION

  • Title and deeds systems in existence

  • Intention to phase out deeds system since 1920

    • Deeds system exist because conversion voluntary or when transaction involving title occurs


Land formalization l.jpg

LAND FORMALIZATION

  • Land under customary tenure brought to the register. Freehold title for agricultural use.

  • English system of registration

  • Systematic approach used

  • Three different approaches: -

    • 1. Consolidation

    • 2. Enclosure of existing parcels

    • 3. Identification of group ranches


Deeds systems l.jpg

DEEDS SYSTEMS

  • Exist under three Acts

    • 1. Registration of Documents Act, 1901 – simple deeds system

    • 2. Land Titles Act, 1908. Simple then upgraded to advanced in 1911.

    • 3. Government Lands Act, 1915 – Advanced deeds system.


Title systems l.jpg

TITLE SYSTEMS

  • Two title registration systems: -

    • 1. Registration of Titles Act, 1920

      • Requires fixed boundary surveys

      • Torrens system

      • Slightly over 200000 titles

    • Registered Land Act, 1963

      • Serves both general and fixed boundaries systems

      • English title system

      • > 2 million titles


Progress in issuance of title to land 1976 1999 l.jpg

PROGRESS IN ISSUANCE OF TITLE TO LAND (1976-1999)


Land administration arrangements l.jpg

LAND ADMINISTRATION ARRANGEMENTS

  • MINISTRY OF LANDS & SETTLEMENT – Main player

  • Departments within Min. of Lands & Settlement: -

    • 1. Lands – Allocation of Govt. land, Govt. valuation, registration of land

    • 2. Survey of Kenya – Surveying and Mapping. Licensed surveyors also involved in title surveys

    • 3. Land Adjudication & Settlement – formalization, redistributive and consolidation reforms

    • 4. Physical Planning – planning of land

    • 5. Administration – coordination of activities within the Ministry

  • Other authorities: -

    • a. Office of the President – especially allocations

    • b. Min. of Roads & Public Works

    • c. Min. of Agriculture

    • d. Min. of Local Government

    • etc.


Institutions for training surveyors l.jpg

INSTITUTIONS FOR TRAINING SURVEYORS

  • UNIVERSITIES

    • University of Nairobi

    • Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture & Technology

  • POLYTECHNIC/COLLEGE

    • The Kenya Polytechnic

    • Kenya Institute of Surveying & Mapping


Local training institutions l.jpg

LOCAL TRAINING INSTITUTIONS


Professional membership institution of surveyors of kenya l.jpg

PROFESSIONAL MEMBERSHIP (Institution of Surveyors of Kenya)


Some current land issues l.jpg

SOME CURRENT LAND ISSUES

  • 1. Constitutional conference in progress

    • - greater control by communities in land allocation

    • - more accountability with regard to community land

    • - redesignation of land categories

    • - National Land Commission (being discussed)

  • 2. Repossession of ”illegally allocated” land

  • 3. ”New generation” title deeds (?)

  • 3. Informal settlements – upgrading

    • - what rights and to whom

    • - MOU with UN-Habitat


Land issues contd l.jpg

LAND ISSUES (contd)

  • 4. Computerization of land records

    • A number of initiates with a number of donors on going but little coordination between donors

    • Physical Planning – France

    • Survey of Kenya – Japan, France

    • Adjudication & Settlement – Germany

    • Lands – UK, Denmark

    • Advertisement in May in Press seeking solution

  • 5. Need for better coordination between Ministries with regard to land issues


General27 l.jpg

KENYA IS A WONDERFUL COUNTRY. PAY US A VISIT AND SEE FOR YOURSELF

THANK YOU

dziekuye bardzo

Do-zabacze nia w Kenii

GENERAL


  • Login