slide1
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Kenya Rwanda Ethiopia Djibouti Burundi Eritrea South Africa Somalia Sudan

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 62

Kenya Rwanda Ethiopia Djibouti Burundi Eritrea South Africa Somalia Sudan - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 177 Views
  • Uploaded on

Kenya Rwanda Ethiopia Djibouti Burundi Eritrea South Africa Somalia Sudan Tanzania Malawi Uganda Botswana Angola Zambia Mozambique Zimbabwe. Section 1 Kenya. Kenya. Symbolic of Africa The Lion King Game preserves – savanna National parks – protected wildlife roam

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Kenya Rwanda Ethiopia Djibouti Burundi Eritrea South Africa Somalia Sudan' - redford


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1
Kenya Rwanda Ethiopia
  • Djibouti Burundi Eritrea
  • South Africa Somalia Sudan
  • Tanzania Malawi Uganda
  • Botswana Angola Zambia
  • Mozambique Zimbabwe
kenya
Kenya
  • Symbolic of Africa
  • The Lion King
  • Game preserves – savanna
  • National parks – protected wildlife roam
  • The great Masai warriors
  • The Great Rift Valley
kenya physical characteristics
Kenya – physical characteristics
  • Located on the East coast of Africa
  • Equator runs through the center
  • Lowlands vs Highlands
    • SW highlands- most people live
    • Central plateau rises to the west
    • North – droughts common
  • Fertile highlands – get enough rain
  • Great Rift Valley/ Lake Victoria
slide7

Masai vs Kikuyu – early tribes – held land

  • Portugal, Germany claimed
  • British East Africa Company
british rule
British Rule
  • Build a railroad from the coast (Mombasa) to Nairobi in center and to Uganda
  • Kenya-Uganda Railroad
  • Problems around Tsavo
    • Lions were killing workers
    • Movie – Great Lion Hunter
    • Lions – Field Museum in Chicago
under british rule
Under British Rule
  • White settlers took the land from native tribes under British rule
  • 1950s - Mau Mau Rebellion
    • British crushed the rebellion
  • 1963 – independence from Britain
    • Jomo Kenyatta became president (Kikuyu)
    • Kikuyu regained some farm lands
kenya under kenyatta
Kenya under Kenyatta
  • Harambee (pulling together) grass-roots movement of people putting together
  • Solid economic growth –
    • farmers raise cash crops coffee and tea
    • Few minerals – depended on agriculture
  • Cash crop of flowers used to produce pyrethrum (pesticide)
  • Not growing crops to feed themselves - import
  • People suffer from malnutrition
after independence
After Independence
  • Stable government
  • 1980s population grew fast
  • Not enough food or jobs
  • Social and political unrest
politics
Politics
  • Accused President Daniel arap Moi of corruption
    • He refused multiparty elections, jailed critics
    • Supporters killed world famous scientist – Richard Leakey
  • 1992 - Agreed to hold elections
    • Western nations withheld loans
    • Moi won elections in 1992, 1997
    • Defeated in 2002 – stepped aside peacefully
kenya today
Kenya Today
  • Written a new constitution abolishes the Prime Minister – August 2010
  • President – Mwai Kibaki since 2002
  • Parliament
  • Trying to create an uncorrupt government
  • Ethnic violence
  • Not enough food
search for peace
Search for Peace
  • Ethnic violence
  • Not enough food
  • Concerns about corruption in gov’t
section 2

Section 2

Other Countries of East Africa

other countries of east africa
Other Countries of East Africa
  • Key locations - Horn of Africa
  • Strategic value
    • Valuable locations for military action
    • On the Indian Ocean
    • Shipping lanes Red Sea, Gulf of Aden
    • Close to oil supplies in Middle East
    • Midpoint between SE Asia and Europe
djibouti
Djibouti
  • Earns income - strategic ports
  • France pays large fees - military bases
  • France has worked to maintain peace
    • Civil War 1991
    • Constitution followed
    • Election in 1999
    • Peace in 2000
    • Working to repair agriculture, education, infrastructure
ethiopia
Ethiopia
  • Ancient nation -3500 BC
  • High fertile plains
    • temperate climate
  • Troubles
    • Drought in 1984, 1986 – famine
    • Conflict with Somalia
    • Civil War in Eritrea (coastal province)
    • Government overthrown
    • Lost the province of Eritrea – now landlocked
    • Torn by ethnic division
eritrea
Eritrea
  • After independence
  • economy suffered
  • Government worked to create modern country
  • Capital of Asmara – rebuilt modern capital
  • Modern steel plant, modern housing
  • Borrowed little from foreign powers
  • Subsistence farming/herding – basis of economy
  • No democracy but government is working
somalia
Somalia
  • Since its independence in 1960
    • Full-scale civil war
    • Severe drought-1990s
    • Border war with Ethiopia
    • No effective national government
    • Source of many pirates
  • UN sent relief
  • Constant fighting/no supplies get to the people
  • UN frustrated – withdrew aid
the sudan
The Sudan
  • Largest nation in all of Africa
  • Climate much like Sahel
  • Northern area mostly ergs– shifting sand dunes
  • People divided
    • North – Muslim Arabs
    • South - Different ethnic tribes (animism)(Christianity)
  • Southern areas called the Sudd – swampy area
  • Continuous war since 1956
  • Darfur – genocide -millions have been killed
uganda
Uganda
  • West of Kenya
    • High plateau – fertile land – cotton, coffee
    • Prospered under Great Britain as a colony
  • 1962 Independence - civil war
    • North – people - military power struggled against
    • South – people - economic power
    • Military struggle ended with dictatorship
  • Idi Amin – ruthless dictator in power in the 1970-1979
    • 300,000 people ‘disappeared’ - violent struggles
  • Mid 1990s - rebuilding
    • Democratic election in 2001
rwanda and burundi
Rwanda and Burundi
  • Ethnocracy –
    • government in which one ethnic group rules over others
rwanda
Rwanda
  • 80% Hutu
  • 20% Tutsi (Watusi)
  • Hutu in power for 35 years (after 1959)
    • Overthrew Tutsi gov’t -killed 100,000 Tutsi
  • 1994 – Civil War
    • 2 million Rwandans driven away
    • 100,000 Tutsi killed
    • Currently share power -free elections
    • Current president – 2000 -
burundi
Burundi
  • 14% Tutsi – in power
    • Control/use army to hold power
  • Mid 1993 – held its first free election
    • Elected a Hutu president
    • Coup overthrew him
    • Many Hutu and Tutsi killed
    • Violence continues
  • Agreed to share power in 2004
  • Currently President Nkurunziza – Hutu -2005
  • Current Vice president – Hutu - 2010
tanzania
Tanzania
  • Ancient man inhabited
  • Ancient slave traders – Zanzibar
  • Germans controlled
  • After WW I – British control
  • Independence - 1961
tanzania1
Tanzania
  • Land has great potential wealth
    • Fertile soils
    • Minerals – iron ore, coal, diamonds
  • Varied terrain
    • humid coastal plain
    • cool highlands
    • Lake Victoria and Mount Kilimanjaro
    • dry central plains
  • Poor development = 2nd poorest country
tanzania2
Tanzania
  • Socialism
    • Experiment from 1961-1985
    • Villagization –
      • Rural people forced into towns
      • Worked on collective farms
      • Failure
  • Moved back to free enterprise
    • Farmers - back to farm land - had been idle
    • Sold corn and cotton
    • Paid a fair price for crops
slide34

South Africa

Section 3

geography of s africa
Geography of S Africa
  • Mostly high, dry plateau
  • Surrounded by escarpment to a coastal plain
  • Plateau has some areas with good rain
  • Grow corn, wheat and variety of fruits
south africa
South Africa
  • Country is divided by race
  • 76% population is black
  • 13% white
  • 9% mixed race
  • 3% Asian
  • White minority ruled over a century
movement into african lands
Movement into African Lands
  • 1600s settled by Dutch, Germans, French
    • Over time – groups became Africaners or Boers
    • Own language – African – combination of Dutch, French, German
    • White, wealthy
    • Pushed natives inland, claiming land by treaty or force
british takeover
British Takeover
  • British settlers arrived
    • pushed Africaners inland
    • kept pushing to assert British control
    • Boer War – 3 years – 1899-1902
boer war
Boer War

Africaners accepted British rule

  • Result - British colony
    • Africaners/British settlers
    • Black Africans
      • driven to reserves
      • put to work on white-owned plantations or factories
independence
Independence
  • S Africa became independent in 1961
  • Blacks - move out of reserves
  • Blacks - began to rebel
  • Many were jailed
    • Leader - Nelson Mandela
1950 1980
1950-1980
  • Fastest growing economy in world
    • Abundant coal = inexpensive energy
    • Money to invest
    • Excellent connection with Britain and Europe provided technology, skills, knowledge
    • Blacks provided large pool of cheap labor
minority rule
Minority Rule
  • Whites controlled government
  • Whites controlled 2/3 land and best farmland
  • Whites controlled gold mines
  • Whites controlled diamond mines
  • Whites controlled mines of 70 other minerals
  • Whites controlled thriving industries
  • Whites controlled the wealth
government control
Government control
  • White government afraid of blacks
    • To control them the gov’t created arbitrary regions called homelands – 75% people forced to live on 13% land
    • Everyone has to stay in their assigned homeland unless they were given a pass to live somewhere else
    • Became know as Apartheid
apartheid
Apartheid
  • Means apartness
  • Black Africans were segregated from the whites
  • Separate public facilities – schools
  • Facilities were never as good
  • Any rebels were jailed
international backlash
International Backlash
  • 1986 Europe, US placed economic sanctionson South Africa
    • End apartheid
    • Prohibited Americans from investing
    • Banned imports
    • Pressure from within through protests
    • Banned from the Olympics
    • Cost S Africa $2 billion
change
Change

F.W. de Klerk – new prime minister in 1989

    • Released prominent activist Nelson Mandela who had been in prison – 27 years
    • Leader of African National Congress – negotiated with white government
    • 1990-1991 – apartheid laws were repealed
    • Transition of power to Black majority
  • 1994 – free elections – Mandela 1st president
south africa today
South Africa Today
  • 1996 – new constitution
  • Guaranteed equality in housing, health care, water, food, and education
  • Still some economic and social problems
  • Model government has kept peace
    • Mandela’s party still in power
    • President Jacob Zuma – May 2009
section 4 other countries of southern africa
Section 4 Other Countries of Southern Africa
  • All these countries are affected by the wealth and power of South Africa
  • Enclaves – country that is completely surrounded by a larger country
    • Lesotho
    • Swaziland
malawi
Malawi
  • Landlocked
  • Located on the western shore of

Lake Nyasa in the Great Rift Valley

  • Migrant workers under labor contracts to South Africa
  • Fertile lands, good water supply
  • Crowded nation
  • Resources are stretched to meet needs
botswana
Botswana
  • Landlocked
  • Less dependent on S Africa – wealthier
  • Arid country, sparsely populated
  • Raises millions of beef cattle – feeds itself
  • Mineral wealth – diamonds, copper, coal
  • Stable government
angola
Angola
  • Western coast of Africa
  • Former Portuguese colony
    • fought a tough war for its independence
    • Portugal pulled out,
    • Portuguese left taking their wealth and chaos ensued
  • “White flight” – departure of trained white administrators and technicians
angola1
Angola
  • Reaction to problems of colonialism
    • Government committed to communism
    • Outraged the democratic neighbor - SA
  • Rebel group known as UNITA waged war
  • Stress of civil war hurt economy
  • 100,000 killed, disease and malnutrition
  • 1 in 4 children died before the age of 4
  • Couldn’t feed itself
angola2
Angola
  • South Africa ended military presence
  • 1992 - first free election
  • Pope just visited in 2010
    • Mass to over a million people
  • Hopeful it will soon feed itself
  • Trying to keep a stable government
mozambique east coast
Mozambique – East Coast
  • Portuguese colony –similar to Angola
  • Civil wars forced refugees into cities and camps
  • Civil war ended -Rebels and government worked things out
  • Outlook is promising
    • Huge labor force,
    • Excellent port
    • Reserves of coal,
    • Hydroelectric plant on Zambezi River
  • Still world’s poorest nation
namibia
Namibia
  • West coast – South of Angola
  • Almost a colony of South Africa
  • Had its own version of apartheid
  • Now has a stable government
  • Archeologists finding sunken ship offshore
  • Brad and Angelina
zambia
Zambia
  • Independence in 1964
    • President Kenneth Kaunda
    • Counted on copper reserves for money to buy food
    • Let agricultural economy decline
  • 1970s and 1980s
    • Copper market fell – economy fell
    • Kaunda defeated/ new leader tried to improve agriculture and business
zambia1
Zambia
  • Could not get enough money

to feed its people

  • Kauna tried the structural readjustment program – caused riots
  • Elected new president in 1991 who returned to the program
  • Slowly progressed
  • Economic recovery is far off
zimbabwe
Zimbabwe

British colony of Rhodesia

  • landlocked
  • 1965 independence
  • White minority government
  • Britain and UN demanded respect of the rights of the black majority
  • Years of conflict – some whites stayed
  • 1979 first free election – Robert Mugabe
zimbabwe under mugabe
Zimbabwe under Mugabe
  • White farmers stayed – corn, tobacco, cotton
  • Land Redistribution – give land to poor
    • Gov’t set slow schedule
    • Allowed time to build infrastructure
    • 2000 Mugabe seized farms – violence
    • Jailed opposition
    • White farmers fled
    • Economy suffered – 80% unemployment
    • Mugabe defeated in 2008 – refused to leave – finally allowed Tsvangivai to take office in Feb. 2009
ad