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Motivation PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Motivation. Motivation. A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior. Early Motivation Theories. Motivation is based on our instincts:. A behavior that is patterned throughout a species and is UNLEARNED. Instinct Theory. Explains some animal behaviors.

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Motivation

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Motivation l.jpg

Motivation


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Motivation

  • A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior.


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Early Motivation Theories

Motivation is based on our instincts:

  • A behavior that is patterned throughout a species and is UNLEARNED.


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Instinct Theory

  • Explains some animal behaviors

  • Explains some human behaviors

  • Does not explain other human behaviors


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Drive-Reduction Theory

  • The idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension state (a drive) that motivates an organism to satisfy the need.

  • The need is usually to maintain homeostasis.


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Drive-Reduction Theory

  • We are not only pushed by our needs but.…

Pulled by our incentives: a positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates behavior


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Optimum Arousal

  • Sometimes we do not seek homeostasis.

  • Sometimes we seek arousal.

  • Our needs go beyond reducing drives.


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Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs


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