The Middle East is placed along many waterways, what advantage does this give the area?. Why is the middle east conflict between Palestine and Israel considered a part of the Cold War?. The United States sided with Israel and the USSR sided with the Arab nations. Easy and fast trading.
The Middle East is placed along many waterways, what advantage does this give the area?
Why is the middle east conflict between Palestine and Israel considered a part of the Cold War?
The United States sided with Israel and the USSR sided with the Arab nations
Easy and fast trading
While the US considered the Vietnam war, a war against Communism, for Ho Chi Minh it was really a war between what?
Nationalist interests for the Vietnamese against the Imperial US forces
China’s Communist Revolution
Mao Zedong and his communists were on the Long March to escape persecution.
The Communist goals were put aside when Japan invaded in 1935 and throughout WWII
Mao Zedong wins control of China and implements Communism:
People’s Republic of China 1949
What do we know about communism?
-Government owns “means of production”
-In China- led by peasants not proletariat
-Builds factories, roads and schools
-Peasants given land and landlords punished
-Confucianism is replaced with communist doctrine
-School children learn to praise Mao
-Doctors bring basic medical knowledge and hygiene to rural peasants
-Women are equal and work alongside men- nurseries are opened for children
Mao began his “Great Leap Forward” program to increase farm and factory output (Similar to Stalin’s 5 year plans) by organizing China into Communes
Communes were thousands of acres and included several villages, factories, schools and 20,000+ people
The Great Leap Forward failed miserably
-30 Million die from 1959-1961 due to Famine
-Factories produced low quality goods
Who owns the means of production in a communist nation? What is another name for this?
Stalin had the 5 year plans; What was Chairman Mao’s modernization program called?
Great Leap Forward
How did Mao gain the support of the peasants?
During the Long March the communists took care of the peasants
In 1966 Mao began the “Great Proletariat Cultural Revolution”
Goal was to get rid of bourgeoisie influences in the Government and Factories
Mao urged youths to experience and participate in the Revolution- He called them his Red Guard
Mao used youth to lead the Cultural Revolution. Each was issued a Red book outlining his ideas
The Red Guard attacked anyone they thought to be counter-revolutionary (or against the revolution)
Many were publically beaten and robbed. Some killed
Chaos followed and the Government, Schools and Factories stopped working.
Kids in power accusing parents, teachers, bosses of being anti-revolutionary
The United States distrusted China, especially after they sided with North Korea
The US didn’t recognize the Communist Government until 1979 (30 years after Mao came to power)
The Soviets at first helped Mao set up communism in China, but soon disagreements caused the Soviets to withdraw support
Mao died a national hero in 1976 because he ended foreign domination of China and restored order after WWII
Deng Xiaoping takes over China and continues the Communist Revolution. However, Deng Allows for economic reforms and some capitalist ventures
Though Deng allowed economic reforms he blocked political reforms he maintained total control
By the 1980s many Chinese were asking for political freedom
May 1989- protesters filled Tiananmen Square asking for political say, when they refused to leave the government sent in the military and tanks and fired on the crowd. Thousands were killed
China opened up several cities to foreign investors in order to bring investment.
These areas are modern, industrial and urban cities. Outside the cities, however, much of China remains rural and struggling.