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Climate Change & Green Jobs Decent Work In A Sustainable Low-Carbon World May 17/2007. Roberto Ocon Occupational and Environmental Health & Safety Specialist Social Protection Sector ILO HQ. Geneva. The Dual Challenge For 21 st Century.

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Climate Change & Green Jobs Decent Work In A Sustainable Low-Carbon World May 17/2007

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Climate Change & Green JobsDecent Work In A Sustainable Low-Carbon WorldMay 17/2007

Roberto Ocon

Occupational and Environmental

Health & Safety Specialist

Social Protection Sector

ILO HQ. Geneva


The Dual Challenge For 21st Century

  • Environmental: climate-related disasters, water shortages, environmental refugees, displacement by flooding, food shortages, loss of biodiversity

  • Decent work: working poor, unemployed, young job seekers, no access to social security, food, shelter, energy


Stern Review, IPCC, McKinsey

  • Climate change biggest threat to achievement of MDGs

  • Coping with climate change requires a great transformation of economies,

  • Threats and opportunities for enterprises and workers


Green jobs initiativeILO, UNEP, IOE, ITUC


Climate Change And Social and Labour Challenges

  • Adaptation Issues

  • Mitigation Issues


1. Adaptation Issues

  • Droughts, Floods, Heat Waves, Hurricanes

  • Impact on:

    • agriculture, forestry, tourism, fresh water, coastal systems (industry and settlements).

    • 1.2 billion workers in agriculture

    • 50 m environmental refugees (livelihoods in Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Haiti …)


2. Mitigation Issues

  • Reducing GHG emissions will impact on:

    • Global energy supply systems, energy consumption, transportation, urban planning and construction, manufacturing, agriculture and forestry.

    • > 2.3 million jobs renewables, >20 m in 2030

    • France green jobs > car industry


Renewable energy:2006: 2.3 m jobs2030: > 20 m jobs


Climate Change And Labour Markets

Employment affected in at least four ways:

  • Additional jobs will be created

  • Some employment will be substituted

  • Certain jobs may be eliminated without direct replacement

  • Many existing jobs will be transformed and redefined


Green JobsDefinition

  • Reduce consumption of energy and raw materials (dematerialize economies)

  • Avoid greenhouse gas emissions (decarbonize economies)

  • Protect and restore ecosystems and environmental services

  • Minimize waste and pollution


High-Potential Sectors

  • Energy efficiency: buildings, industry, transport

  • Renewable energy

  • Mobility: public transport

  • Recycling, waste management

  • Sustainable agriculture and forests

  • Environmental services


Green Economies

  • Greening economies create jobs

  • Major opportunity for development and poverty reduction

  • Decent work not by default

  • Need for just transitions


An Emerging ILO Programme

Research and development:

  • Brazil: bioenergy, environmental services

  • China: energy efficiency

  • India: renewable energy – poverty

  • Bangladesh: waste management

  • Philippines: climate proofing local development

  • Haiti a.o.: adaptation infrastructure and recovery

  • Africa: adaptation and rural employment

  • South Africa: energy efficiency buildings


Partnerships

  • Green Jobs Initiative partners:

    ILO, UNEP, ITUC and IOE

    Green Jobs Report (September 2008)

  • UNFCCC: climate negotiations

  • FAO: rural employment

  • UNDP, UNITAR: adaptation

  • UNEP: Training course Turin Centre


Areas of Action

Green jobs programme along

three complementary lines:

  • Diagnostic and modeling tools

  • Green jobs in clean development

  • Fair transitions to green economies


ILO Office-wide strategy

Engage ILO units across the organization

  • from the INSTITUTE,

  • the four SECTORS,

  • the FIELD structure

  • GENDER and INTEGRATION

  • to the Turin Centre.


Thank you!

For further information:

Green Jobs

ILO Contact

Mr. Peter Poschen,

Senior Adviser Sustainable Development and

Climate Change- ILO

E-Mail: [email protected]


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