Law codes types of government and leaders
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Law Codes, Types of government and leaders. Dynasty. Rulers from a single family. For example China. Theocracy. Government in which rule is based on religious authority. For example Egypt. Feudalism.

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Law Codes, Types of government and leaders

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Law codes types of government and leaders

Law Codes, Types of government and leaders


Law codes types of government and leaders

Dynasty

  • Rulers from a single family. For example China.


Law codes types of government and leaders

Theocracy

  • Government in which rule is based on religious authority. For example Egypt.


Law codes types of government and leaders

Feudalism

  • A political system in which nobles, or lords, are granted the use of lands that legally belong to the king in return for loyalty and military service to the king. For example Europe during Middle Ages.


Law codes types of government and leaders

Legalism

  • A government based on the system of rewards and punishments. For example in China under Qin Shi Huangdi.


Law codes types of government and leaders

Autocracy

  • A government that

    has unlimited power

    and uses it in an

    arbitrary manner. For

    example Qin Shi Huangdi.


Law codes types of government and leaders

Monarchy

  • A government ruled by single

    by a person,

    called a king. For

    example, Hugh Capet.


Law codes types of government and leaders

Aristocracy

  • A government ruled by

    a small group of noble,

    landowning families. For example in Athens.


Law codes types of government and leaders

Oligarchy

  • A government

    ruled by a few

    powerful people.

    for example,

    Sparta.


Law codes types of government and leaders

Tyranny

  • A government ran by a group

    of wealthy citizens who work for

    the interests of the ordinary

    people.

    Example – In Athens Solon and Draco.


Law codes types of government and leaders

Democracy

.

  • A government

    ruled by the

    people. Example,

    US.


Law codes types of government and leaders

Direct Democracy

.

A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives.

For example, Athens under Pericles.


Law codes types of government and leaders

Republic

  • A form of government in which power rests with citizens who have the right to vote for their leaders. Through representatives. For example, ancient Rome.


Law codes types of government and leaders

Dictatorship

  • A form of government in which a leader who has absolute power to make laws and command the army. For example, Julius Caesar’s government.


Law codes types of government and leaders

Emperor

  • The ruler of an Empire. For Example, Augustus Caesar.


Law codes types of government and leaders

Hammurabi’s Code

  • Law code created by the Sumerian Leader Hammurabi based on the concept of an eye for an eye


Law codes types of government and leaders

  • Moral law codes delivered by Moses to the Jewish people during their exodus from Egypt

The Ten Commandments


Law codes types of government and leaders

  • Very harsh law code created by a the Greek tyrant Draco.

Draco’s law code


Law codes types of government and leaders

Twelve Tables

  • Codification of Roman Laws during the Republic


Law codes types of government and leaders

  • Re-codification of the Roman Laws

Justinian’s Code of Law


Law codes types of government and leaders

Shari’a

  • System of law which regulates the family life, moral conduct, and business and community life of Muslims.


Law codes types of government and leaders

Canon Law

  • The body of laws governing the religious practices of a Christian church.


Law codes types of government and leaders

The Magna Carta

  • The underlying principle of this document is that all must obey the law, even the king.


Law codes types of government and leaders

Common Law

  • A unified body of law formed from rulings of England’s royal judges that serve as the basis for law in many English-speaking countries today, including the US.


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