Bullying Prevention Programs From Around the World: Lessons to Be Learned - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Bullying prevention programs from around the world lessons to be learned l.jpg
1 / 34

  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Bullying Prevention Programs From Around the World: Lessons to Be Learned. Debra Pepler Scientific Co-Director, PREVNet York University & HSC www.prevnet.ca. Imagine a world without bullying. Where going to school, or to the playground is always treasured, never feared.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.

Download Presentation

Bullying Prevention Programs From Around the World: Lessons to Be Learned

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript

Bullying prevention programs from around the world lessons to be learned l.jpg

Bullying Prevention Programs From Around the World: Lessons to Be Learned

Debra Pepler

Scientific Co-Director, PREVNet

York University & HSC


Slide2 l.jpg

Imagine a world

without bullying

Slide3 l.jpg

Where going to school, or to the playground is

always treasured, never feared.

Slide4 l.jpg

Where all children

have safe and healthy relationships.

Slide5 l.jpg

It’s happening …

because we

are working


Lessons learned from international bullying prevention l.jpg

Lessons Learned from International Bullying Prevention

  • Developmental perspective: differences, timing,

  • Systemic: teachers and principals, peer processes, parents, community

  • Intervention strategies with: children who bully, children who are victimized, in classrooms, with bystanders, school level, community level

  • Policy: Kandersteg Declaration

Lessons learned from colleagues around the world l.jpg

Lessons Learned from Colleagues around the World

Available through



An ecological perspective on bullying prevention binocular vision l.jpg

An Ecological Perspective on Bullying Prevention: Binocular Vision






Developmental focus on individual students l.jpg

Developmental:Focus on Individual Students

  • Different developmental capacities, motivations, and vulnerabilities

  • Different peer group susceptibility at different ages

  • Effective prevention/intervention must be long-term (throughout school years) and tailored

Our own lessons on bullying prevention l.jpg

Our Own Lessons on Bullying Prevention

Who Benefits?

Slide11 l.jpg

School Differences in Treatment Effects

Slide12 l.jpg

Treatment Effects of Probability of

High Bullying

On average involvement in bullying changes from 1 in 17 to 1 in 30 students

Treatment effects of probability of high victimization l.jpg

Treatment Effects of Probability of High Victimization

On average victimization changes from 1 in 9 to 1 in 25 students

Slide14 l.jpg

Our Lessons Learned

  • The odds of bullying increase significantly without the intervention program.

  • Different schools have different immediate responses to the intervention program.

  • Individual students have different responses to the intervention, depending on the level of risk.

  • To decrease the odds of high bullying significantly, need an enhanced intervention program that focus on the high-risk students.

Lesson students involved in high and prolonged bullying and victimization need intensive support l.jpg

Lesson: Students involved in high and prolonged bullying and victimization need intensive support

  • The most highly involved students have psychosocial needs that may be beyond the scope of the school in addressing.

  • Programs, such as by Koivisto in Finland and Limber in US established links with professionals and community agencies for additional support.

  • In Australia, the Friendly Schools – Friendly Families program reaches out to train community professionals and seeks assistance from them for families needing additional support.

What can we do with youth who bully l.jpg

What Can We Do with Youth Who Bully?

Identify bullying early to prevent later problems

Respond consistently when bullying is observed (teaching moment)

Build skills, awareness, empathy & insights

Provide alternatives to gaining power though bullying

Promote healthy relationships by finding positive contexts for troubled youth.

What can we do in severe cases l.jpg

What Can We Do InSevere Cases?

  • It is important to support chronically involved youth in controlling their anger, developing social understanding, and solving social problems in adaptive ways.

  • These youth may need to be referred through student services, special education and/or the mental health system.

  • These youth require intensive clinical and moment-to-moment support tailored to their needs until they learn the skills and orientations necessary for healthy relationships and civil behaviour.

What we can do to protect and support victimized youth l.jpg

What We Can Do to Protect and Support Victimized Youth

Clear policies on bullying – consistently applied

  • When policies exist, but are not acted upon, the consequences, severity and frequency of bullying is actually far worse.

    Safety and intervention plans

  • Many schools struggle with how to intervene

  • If policy is not enforced, youth get the message that there are no consistent consequences.

  • Communication with victimized youth and family is important.

    Trusted adult

  • Encourage victimized youth to identify a trusted adult in the school or community setting.

  • Ensure that the adult has the skills to develop a plan to end the bullying and to ensure that the youth is protected.

Lesson bullying changes with age so programs need to be tailored l.jpg

Lesson: Bullying changes with age so programs need to be tailored

Early intervention programs, such as Alsaker’s kindergarten program in Switzerland and O’Moore’s primary school program in Ireland may prevent children from falling onto stable bullying and/or victimization pathways.

Stronger effects in primary compared to secondary schools in many countries perhaps due to stage and structure of school (fewer connections between adults and students).

Lesson bullying prevention needs to be timed to precede problem l.jpg

Lesson: Bullying prevention needs to be timed to precede problem

Need prevention programs in middle school, before adolescent forms of bullying arise.

Lessons on respectful relationships and social responsibility are required throughout high school.

US: Expect Respect - Barri Rosenbluth , Nan Stein – sexual harassment

Canada: Fourth R – David Wolfe for: peer and dating violence, healthy sexuality, and substance use.

Systemic focus on relationships l.jpg

Systemic:Focus on Relationships

The most successful bullying prevention programs had:

  • Leadership from principal and teachers

  • Inclusion of all students in learning about and responding to bullying

  • Focus on peers as part of the problem and solution

  • Involvement of parents and community

Lesson leadership from principal and teachers is key l.jpg

Lesson: Leadership from Principal and Teachers is Key

Training for school staff is essential

  • Smith (England) – success of program depends on leadership of principal

  • Olweus (Norway) – teachers were key agents of change for implementation of program

  • Salmivalli (Finland) – the more teachers implemented the program, the more bullying problems improved

  • Alsaker (Switzerland) – teachers who participated felt more confident in dealing with bullying, were more supportive of victimized students, and more willing to speak with parent

Lesson focus on peers as part of the problem and solution l.jpg

Lesson: Focus on peers as part of the problem and solution

  • Cross (Australia): Use peer group to provide support for students who are bullied and use positive peer pressure to discourage bullying

  • Salmivalli (Finland): Work with teachers to provide students with skills and courage to intervene; discourage students from joining in.

  • Menesini (Italy): Focus on sense of responsibility and respect of others; peer support models such as befriending and peer mediation. Peers viewed as a school resource for bullying prevention. Peer approaches alone are less effective than whole school programs.

  • O’Moore (Ireland): Whenever possible, use restorative approaches when dealing with aggressive behaviour

What we can do about peer pressure l.jpg

What We Can Do About:Peer Pressure

  • Reduce associations among troubled peers and find situations that will help keep bullying in check.

  • Encourage youth to recognize and resist peer pressure to bully

  • Help youth plan, finding excuses to walk away from situations where they might bully.

  • Help youth understand that just because others watch and laugh, it doesn’t mean they like bullying.

  • Encourage youth to talk to someone they trust, like their parents, a friend, a teacher, a counselor for help finding ways of getting along with others.

Lesson involvement of parents l.jpg

Lesson: Involvement of parents

  • Cross (Australia): Friendly Schools, Friendly Families Program – close cooperation between staff and parents; many channels of communication; develop positive strategies to deal with bullying; increase awareness of signs and symptoms of bullying and follow-up

  • O’Moore (Ireland): Training to encourage parents:

    • to contact school if suspected their or another child being bullied;

    • challenge their own children’s unacceptable behaviour

Lesson involvement of community l.jpg

Lesson: Involvement of community

  • Cross (Australia): Friendly Schools, Friendly Families Program – professional development for community, community links for professional help

  • Ortega (Spain): program based on Convivencia – living together in harmony (opposite of violence); Spanish society views school violence as a lack of education for convivencia and tolerance. Involvement of many facets of the community (police, recreation, community leaders).

  • Leadbeater (Canada): WITS and WITS LEADS programs for Grades K to 5 – developed in partnership with police.

    Lessons five times per year with visits from police, firefighters, paramedics, athletes. Positive effects, manuals free online! www.rocksolid.bc.ca

International collaboration to create a world without bullying l.jpg

International Collaborationto Create a World without Bullying

Kandersteg Declaration

Www kanderstegdeclaration org l.jpg


Kandersteg Declaration Against Victimization in Children and Youth

Kandersteg declaration moving towards global understanding and action l.jpg

Kandersteg Declaration:Moving towards Global Understanding and Action

We the participants at the Joint Efforts Against Bullying Conference in Kandersteg in June 8th to 10th, 2007 pledge our long term commitment and determination to promote healthy relationships and prevent bullying and victimization in children and youth.

Kandersteg declaration l.jpg

Kandersteg Declaration

Today, an estimated 200 million children and youth around the world are being abused by their peers.

Every child and youth has the right to be respected and safe. Bullying is a violation of this basic human right.

It is the moral responsibility of adults to ensure these rights are honored and that healthy development and citizenship are promoted. Many adults want more understanding and strategies to address bullying problems effectively.

Kandersteg declaration31 l.jpg

Kandersteg Declaration

Bullying is a form of aggression, involving the abuse of power in relationships. It is recognized globally as a complex and serious problem. It has many faces, including the use of emerging technologies, and varies by age, gender, and culture.

Children and youth involved in bullying suffer. Bullying and victimization problems begin early in life and for some last a lifetime.

Kandersteg declaration32 l.jpg

Kandersteg Declaration

Many risk and protective factors associated with bullying are known and prevention programs are being implemented in several countries with encouraging results.

The mental and physical health, social, and academic consequences of bullying have an enormous impact on human and social capital. The costs of bullying burden our education, health care, social services, and criminal justice systems, as well as work force productivity and innovation.

Bullying concerns and affects us all.

To endorse the kandersteg declaration visit the website l.jpg

To endorse the Kandersteg Declaration visit the website:


Slide34 l.jpg

Creating a world

without bullying starts with each of us …

Thank you for your contribution!

  • Login