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Office Based Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect: Lessons Learned from the Practicing Safety QuIIN Project. Diane Abatemarco, PhD, MSW, CO-PI Ruth Gubernick, MPH, QI Advisor Steve Kairys, MD, MPH, FAAP, Co-PI. Call Objectives.

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Office Based Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect: Lessons Learned from the Practicing Safety QuIIN Project

Diane Abatemarco, PhD, MSW, CO-PI

Ruth Gubernick, MPH, QI Advisor

Steve Kairys, MD, MPH, FAAP, Co-PI


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Call Objectives Learned from the Practicing Safety QuIIN Project

At the end of this conference call, participants will be able to:

  • Identify which Practicing Safety (PS) tools were reported to be the most useful in each of the 3 bundles

  • Recall at least 2 qualitative themes uncovered by post in-depth interviews

  • Analyze the office supports and systems that enable successful adoption of interventions

  • List at least 2 lessons learned from the QuIIN PS project

  • Test 1 or more tools with your own practice team to improve assessment/screening and anticipatory guidance for 1 or more of the PS focused topics


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Practicing Safety: The Need Learned from the Practicing Safety QuIIN Project

  • In 2006, an estimated 906,000 children were found to be victims of child abuse and neglect in the United States and Puerto Rico*

    • 64.1% were victims of neglect

    • 16.0% were physically abused

    • Children under the age of 4 continue to have the highest rate of victimization

    • Over one-quarter (30%) of the 906,000 victims were under the age of 4

    • Nearly 80% (79.4%) of perpetrators of child maltreatment were parents.

  • Pediatricians are in a unique position to address topics that can prevent child abuse and neglect

    • Pediatricians can see a child a total of 13 times for well child visits before age 4

    • Literature documents the high value that parents place on the education and advice shared with them by their pediatrician

      *Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration on Children, Youth and Families. Child Maltreatment 2006. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2008


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Practicing Safety Project Aims Learned from the Practicing Safety QuIIN Project

  • Improve assessment/screening and anticipatory guidance by pediatric physicians and staff with parents/caregivers on topics of crying, maternal depression, toilet training, and discipline (to 100% by November 2009).

  • Test use of the Practicing Safety tools for education by pediatric physicians and staff with parents/caregivers on topics of crying, maternal depression, toilet training, and discipline.

  • Test the usefulness of the Practicing Safety tools and ease of use of the tools; and determine strategies for use of the tools.


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Practicing Safety Project Methods Learned from the Practicing Safety QuIIN Project

  • Modified Learning Collaborative with 14 teams (lead physician plus 2 others from practice)

  • Model for Improvement; Plan, Do, Study, Act; small tests of change

  • Prework period (April 2009)

    • Baseline chart review

    • Pre-Inventory Survey

  • Learning Session 1(May 2009)

  • Action Period (June-November 2009)

    • Monthly Chart Review/Chart Documentation Forms

      • 10 charts of patients at the 2-month visit (infant and mother/caregiver bundles)

      • 10 charts of patients at the 18-month visit (toddler bundle)

    • Monthly Progress Reports

    • Monthly Team Calls

    • Review of Run Charts to guide improvements (posted to a Project Workspace Web site)

  • Follow-up (November 2009)

    • Post-Inventory Survey

    • Post Toolkit Evaluation Survey

    • Post-Telephone Interviews


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Thank you to the 14 Practicing Safety Teams! Learned from the Practicing Safety QuIIN Project

Brooklyn, NY

Maimonides Infants and Children’s Hospital-Newkirk Family Health Center

Flushing, NY

Flushing Hospital Medical Center

Grand Rapids, MI

Helen DeVos Children’s Hospital General Pediatrics

Longview, WA

Child and Adolescent Clinic

Dayton, OH

Children’s Health Clinic

New Haven, CT

Hospital of Saint Raphael Pediatric Primary Care Center

Midlothian, VA

Pediatric & Adolescent Health Partners

West Reading, PA

All About Children Pediatric Partners PC

Charlotte, NC

CMC-Myers Park Pediatrics

Tuscaloosa, AL

University Medical Center

Greenville, SC

Center for Pediatric Medicine

Bluefield, WV

Dr Frazer’s Office

Houston, TX

Lyndon B. Johnson Pediatric Clinic

Brewton, AL

Lower Alabama Pediatrics


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Practicing Safety Toolkit Learned from the Practicing Safety QuIIN Project

  • 3 Bundles

    • Infant: coping with crying

    • Mother/Caregiver: maternal depression, bonding/attachment

    • Toddler: effective discipline, toilet training

  • Each bundle includes a practice guide as well as tools for each topic


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Infant Bundle Learned from the Practicing Safety QuIIN Project

  • Introduce at 2 weeks to 4 weeks; Reinforce at 2 months

  • **Tools are identified by purple font


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    Mother/Caregiver Bundle Learned from the Practicing Safety QuIIN Project

    • *Refers to the EPDS

    • Introduce at 2 weeks to 4 weeks; Reinforce at 2 and 3 months

  • **Tools are identified by purple font


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    Toddler Bundle: Discipline Learned from the Practicing Safety QuIIN Project

    • Introduce at 6 months; Reinforce at 12, 15, 18, 24, 36 months

    • **Tools are identified by purple font


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    Toddler Bundle: Toilet Training Learned from the Practicing Safety QuIIN Project

    • Introduce at 18 months; Reinforce at 2 and 3 years

    • **Tools are identified by purple font



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    Infant Anticipatory Guidance


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    Mother/Caregiver Anticipatory Guidance


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    Toddler: Discipline Anticipatory Guidance


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    Toddler: Toilet Training Anticipatory Guidance



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    Average Respondent Ratings of “ Anticipatory GuidancePracticing Safety Tool Evaluation: Infant Bundle”

    Key:

    1 = Poor

    5 = Excellent


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    Average Respondent Ratings of “ Anticipatory GuidancePracticing Safety Tool Evaluation: Mother/Caregiver Bundle”

    Key:

    1 = Poor

    5 = Excellent


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    Average Respondent Ratings of “ Anticipatory GuidancePracticing Safety Tool Evaluation: Toddler Bundle”

    Key:

    1 = Poor

    5 = Excellent





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    Qualitative Themes pre to post intervention

    • Consistent use of PS toolkit

    • Systemization of risk

    • Changes to chart documentation

    • Community resource linkages

    • Initiation of meetings

    • Improved medical education

    • Implementation of QI methodology

    • Increased awareness

    • Challenges

    • Unanticipated positive outcomes


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    Practicing Safety Lessons Learned pre to post intervention

    • Practices need guidance in order to incorporate practice-based protocols that address child abuse and neglect prevention as part of well-child care

    • Pediatricians, once supported and mentored, are excited to offer families more concrete and systematic guidance in these areas

    • Practicing Safety can inform more successful implementation of enhanced care and assists practices in establishing a medical home

    • Parents are receptive to guidance on these topics and believe these issues are of significant concern

    • Practicing Safety provided an opportunity for enhanced clinical education for physicians, nurses, residents, etc


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    Practicing Safety Lessons Learned (con’t.) pre to post intervention

    • Practices tailored tools to fit their patient population.

      • Some practices incorporated tools for more than the project prescribed well-child visit based on age.

      • Some practices collapsed the suggested “green” and “yellow” assessment questions and anticipatory guidance and used both levels routinely as primary prevention topics at well-visits for all of their families with children in the targeted age ranges

    • Some practices found a need for multi-lingual, low literacy and more graphic materials for parents

    • Just participating in PS raised awareness of child abuse and neglect issues for all roles in the pediatric office

    • Chart documentation is key to determining improvements in care


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    Practicing Safety Lessons Learned (con’t.) pre to post intervention

    • It is important to have an engaged practice champion to succeed & leadership support, teams enhance practice change

    • Some practices found it challenging to promote the bigger picture of their work to the rest of the practice physicians and staff – the importance of testing and measuring prior to full-on implementation

    • Administrative and clinical priorities compete with making change (H1N1, EMR implementation, staff turnover)

    • Coding and reimbursement remain a challenge

    • The project motivated practices to link with community.

    • Lastly, practices would like more info on diffusion.


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    Any PS Teams on the Call? pre to post intervention

    Share your experiences and lessons learned!

    • What is your proudest accomplishment?

    • What lesson do you find important for others interested in making change?


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    Additional Resources pre to post intervention

    • Practicing Safety QuIIN Web Page: http://www.aap.org/qualityimprovement/quiin/PracticingSafety.html

    • Project Staff

      • Jill Healy, QuIIN Project Manager [email protected]

      • Tammy Hurley, Manager, Child Abuse and Neglect Prevention Activities [email protected]


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    Thank you! pre to post intervention

    Questions


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