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The Cold War. Part Two: Conformity Culture in the 1950s. Learning Targets. I can trace the development and manifestations of the Cold War. I can analyze Truman’s and Eisenhower’s leadership during The Cold War. I can analyze the extent to which the 1950s was an era of “conformity culture .”.

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The cold war

The Cold War

Part Two: Conformity Culture in the 1950s


Learning targets
Learning Targets

  • I can trace the development and manifestations of the Cold War.

  • I can analyze Truman’s and Eisenhower’s leadership during The Cold War.

  • I can analyze the extent to which the 1950s was an era of “conformity culture.”


Demobilization
Demobilization

  • Bringing the troops home

  • Baby Boom

  • 1946


Economy of the 50s
Economy of the 50s

  • In general

  • Why the boom?

    • Women’s wages

    • Pent up demand

    • Lack of competition

    • GI Bill of Rights (Serviceman’s Readjustment Act)

    • NSC 68

  • Changes in the world of work

  • Consumer Culture

  • Construction: houses and highways


Race in the 50s
Race in the 50s

  • Origins in WWII

  • Committee on Civil Rights

  • Ban on discrimination in federal jobs

  • Executive Order 9961


Election of 1948
Election of 1948

  • Splits in the Democratic Party

  • “Dixiecrats” nominate Strom Thurman

  • Progressive Democrats

  • Rep. Thomas Dewey


Truman s fair deal
Truman’s Fair Deal

“We have rejected the discredited theory that the fortunes of the nation should be in the hands of a privileged few. Every segment of our population and every individual has a right to expect from his government a fair deal.”

  • Higher min. wage

  • Expansion of Soc. Sec.

  • Increased farm subsidies

  • Public housing & slum clearance

  • Universal health insurance

  • Repeal of the Taft-Hartley Act


The second red scare
The Second Red Scare

  • Background

  • House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC)

  • The Hollywood Ten


The second red scare1
The Second Red Scare

  • Employee Loyalty Program (47)

  • Alger Hiss Case (48)

    • Truman

    • Richard Nixon

  • Julius and Ethel Rosenberg (50)


The second red scare2
The Second Red Scare

  • Joseph McCarthy

  • “McCarthy” Hearings

  • McCarran Internal Security Act

  • McCarthy’s demise


Family in the 50s
Family in the 50s

  • Return of the Cult

  • Religious Participation


Family in the 50s1
Family in the 50s

  • Homeownership & Growth of the ‘suburbs’

  • Levittown


Popular culture
Popular Culture

  • TV!

  • Cars!

  • Rock & Roll!


Popular culture1
Popular Culture

  • Youth culture & delinquency

  • The Beat Generation



Learning targets1
Learning Targets

  • I can trace the development and manifestations of the Cold War.

  • I can analyze Truman’s and Eisenhower’s leadership during The Cold War.

  • I can trace the development of the Civil Rights Movement.


The election of 1952
The Election of 1952

  • Rep. Dwight Eisenhower

    • VP Richard Nixon

  • Dem. Adlai Stevenson


Eisenhower on the domestic front
Eisenhower on the Domestic Front

  • “dynamic conservatism”- “conservative when it comes to money, liberal when it comes to human beings”

  • Tries to cut some New Deal & Defense spending

  • Tax reductions for wealthy & corporations


Eisenhower on the domestic front1
Eisenhower on the Domestic Front

  • “Should any political party attempt to abolish Social Security and eliminate labor laws and farm programs, you would not hear of that party again…”

    • Some extensions of Social Security

    • Sought federal participation in health insurance

    • Agricultural aid extended

    • Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956

  • The “biggest damnfool mistake I ever made”

  • “disloyalty” to “security risk”


Eisenhower civil rights
Eisenhower & Civil Rights

  • Brown v. Board of Education (54)

  • Emmett Till (55)

  • Montgomery Bus Boycott (55-6)

  • Little Rock Nine (57)


Eisenhower s foreign policy
Eisenhower’s Foreign Policy

  • Sec. of State John Foster Dulles

    • Rollback

    • “massive retaliation”

    • “deterrence”

    • “brinksmanship”

  • New Look Military


Eisenhower s foreign policy1
Eisenhower’s Foreign Policy

  • East Asia

  • Indochina

  • Hungary

  • Iran

  • Egypt & the Suez Crisis

  • Cuba


Cold war scares
Cold War Scares

  • Sputnik (57)

    • “missile gap”

    • Increased Spending

    • ICBMs

    • Missiles in Europe

    • NASA (58)

    • National Defense Education Act


Peaceful coexistence
“Peaceful Coexistence”

  • Berlin

  • Big Four talks

  • Planned Summit

  • U-2 Incident (60)

  • Francis Gary Powers



Election of 1960
Election of 1960

VP Richard Nixon vs. Sen. John F. Kennedy

JFK 2nd Catholic candidate, also 2nd youngest presidential candidate

Impact of first televised debate; swings momentum toward JFK


JFK wins one of the closest elections in history; 16 Southern Democrat electors vote for alternative candidate Sen. Harry Byrd of Virginia in protest.


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