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Feeding Pleasure Horses. Bob Coleman PhD PAS. Meeting nutrient needs Maintenance easy or hard Riding intensity. NRC 2007 Nutrient requirements of Horses. Nutrient needs for a mature horse at Maintenance (1100 lbs/500kg). NRC 2007. Nutrient needs for a mature horse at

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Feeding Pleasure Horses

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Feeding Pleasure Horses

Bob Coleman PhD PAS


Meeting nutrient needs

Maintenance

easy or hard

Riding

intensity

NRC 2007

Nutrient requirements of Horses


Nutrient needs for a mature horse at

Maintenance (1100 lbs/500kg)

NRC 2007


Nutrient needs for a mature horse at

work (1100 lbs/500kg)

NRC 2007


Nutrient sources

Concentrates

Forages

Other Feeds


Making the program work


Horses are grazers

Time spent grazing

Trickle feeder

small intakes


Feed processing

chewing

mixing with saliva

bicarbonate

enzymes?


Fore Gut

mouth , esophagus

stomach

and small intestine

= 35% of capacity


Hind Gut

cecum, large colon

small colon

and rectum

= 65 % of capacity


Forage is major nutrient

source.

In addition to nutrients:

* Normal digestive function

* Reduce digestive upsets

* Chew time

* 1% bwt min daily intake


Evaluating Hay

Visual appraisal

leaf : stem

maturity

color

mold


Consider the forage and

the nutrients it provides.


Other fiber sources

Soy hulls

Beet pulp

Alfalfa products

pellets

cubes


Concentrate Feeds

* Concentrate Feeds

- sweet feed

- pellets

* Supplement Pellets

* Grain mixes


Feed Management

Forages

1% bwt as forage (min)

Forage in the amount needed

Use a hay feeder (>20% waste)


Feeding Management

Concentrate

Based on nutrient needs

Limit total concentrate per meal

Starch intakes per meal

5 lbs / meal**

** 0.5 % of body weight


General

Feed Management

Monitor body condition

Adaptation to diets

Individual needs ??

Free choice water

Salt and minerals


Fact sheets for further Reading

Choosing Hay for Horses

http://www.uky.edu/Ag/AnimalSciences/pubs/id146.pdf

Alfalfa Cubes for Horses

http://www.uky.edu/Ag/AnimalSciences/pubs/id145.pdf

Basic Horse Nutrition

http://www.uky.edu/Ag/AnimalSciences/pubs/asc114.pdf

Heaves in Horses

http://www.uky.edu/Ag/AnimalSciences/pubs/asc172.pdf


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