Horses. 5 Basic/True Colors . Bay Brown Black Chestnut (Sorrel) White. Bay. Mixture of red and yellow, with a black mane and tail. Black. Solid Black. Chestnut (Sorrel). Red with a red mane and tail. Brown. Solid brown. White . White; born white and remains white it’s entire life.
Gait – Is a particular way of going, either natural or learned, which is characterized by a distinctive rhythmic movement of the feet and legs.
1. Wire Cuts
2. Rope Burns
3. Nail Puncture
Unsoundness – serious abnormalities that does affect the serviceability of the horse.
1. Bad conformation
2. Strain and stress
3. Accidents and injuries
4. Nutritional deficiencies
Unit of Measurement
“Hand” = 4 inches
15 hands = 60 inches
60 inches = 15 hands
Heart Girth (in.) x Heart Girth (in.) x Body Length (in.) = Body Weight in Lbs.
Describe how the teeth of a 5 year old horse’s
are different from a 20 year old horse?
5yrs- nearly perpendicular
20yrs- slant sharply forward
Desirable: Level back
Well muscled quarters
Alert Carriage of head and ears
Narrow heart girth
Phylum– Chordata (vertebrate)
Class – Mammalia (mammal)
Order – Perissodactyla (nonruminant)
Family – Equidae (rhino, rabbit, tapir)
Genus – Equus (horses, mule, zebra)
Species – caballus (horses)