Horses
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Horses. 5 Basic/True Colors . Bay Brown Black Chestnut (Sorrel) White. Bay. Mixture of red and yellow, with a black mane and tail. Black. Solid Black. Chestnut (Sorrel). Red with a red mane and tail. Brown. Solid brown. White. White; born white and remains white it’s entire life.

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Horses

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Horses

Horses


5 basic true colors

5 Basic/True Colors

  • Bay

  • Brown

  • Black

  • Chestnut (Sorrel)

  • White


Horses

Bay

  • Mixture of red and yellow, with a black mane

    and tail.


Black

Black

  • Solid Black


Chestnut sorrel

Chestnut (Sorrel)

  • Red with a red mane and tail


Brown

Brown

  • Solid brown


White

White

  • White; born white and remains white it’s entire life


5 variation colors

5 Variation Colors

  • Dun

  • Gray

  • Palomino

  • Pinto

  • Roan


Dun buckskin

Dun (Buckskin)

  • Yellowish to tan with a black mane and tail


Horses

Gray

  • Mixture of white and black hairs


Palomino

Palomino

  • Golden to yellow, with a white mane and tail


Pinto painted

Pinto (Painted)

  • White mixed with any other color


Horses

Roan

  • Basic color with white tipped hairs


4 natural gaits of horses

4 NaturalGaitsof Horses

Gait – Is a particular way of going, either natural or learned, which is characterized by a distinctive rhythmic movement of the feet and legs.

  • Walk

  • Trot

  • Canter

  • Gallop


Blemishes unsoundness

Blemishes/ Unsoundness

  • Blemish– an abnormality that does not affect the serviceability of the horse

    Examples:

    1. Wire Cuts

    2. Rope Burns

    3. Nail Puncture


Horses

Unsoundness – serious abnormalities that does affect the serviceability of the horse.

Examples:

1. Bad conformation

2. Strain and stress

3. Accidents and injuries

4. Nutritional deficiencies


Measurements of horses

Measurements of Horses

  • Height – measure from the withers straight down the front legs to the ground.

    Unit of Measurement

    “Hand” = 4 inches

    Example:

    15 hands = 60 inches

    60 inches = 15 hands


Horses

Weight

  • Place horse on a scale

  • Horse Formula

    Heart Girth (in.) x Heart Girth (in.) x Body Length (in.) = Body Weight in Lbs.

    330


Horses

Age

  • By the number and the wear of teeth

    Example:

    Describe how the teeth of a 5 year old horse’s

    are different from a 20 year old horse?

    5yrs- nearly perpendicular

    20yrs- slant sharply forward


Conformation

Conformation

  • Conformation- body shape and form

    Desirable:Level back

    Well muscled quarters

    Alert Carriage of head and ears

    Faults: Swayback

    Paunchy stomach

    Narrow heart girth


Scientific names

Scientific Names

  • Scientific name= Used in scientific writings to reduce confusion of multiple common names, the scientific name (or Latin name) of an animal is two words long; consisting of the genus and species names. The entire name is written in italics (or underlined if italics are not available), with the genus capitalized.

  • Example: Humans = Homo sapiens


Scientific classification

Scientific Classification

  • Kingdom – Animalia (animal)

    Phylum– Chordata (vertebrate)

    Class – Mammalia (mammal)

    Order – Perissodactyla (nonruminant)

    Family – Equidae (rhino, rabbit, tapir)

    Genus – Equus (horses, mule, zebra)

    Species – caballus (horses)

  • Equus caballus = is the correct Genus/species name for horses

  • Equus Assinus = is the correct Genus/species name for a donkey


Homer sapiens

Homer sapiens


Horse terms

Horse Terms

  • Equine = scientific name for all “horses”

  • Equestrian= a person engaged in horse work

    or activity

  • Farrier= a hoof caretaker of horses

  • Lactation = producing milk

  • Cheval = horse meat

  • Gestation = length of pregnancy (11 months

  • Conformation= body shape and form

  • Equuscaballus= is the correct Genus/species name for horses


Horses

  • Unsoundness – serious abnormalities that does affect the serviceability of the horse.

  • Blemish– an abnormality that does not affect the serviceability of the horse

  • Gait– Is a particular way of going, either natural or learned, which is characterized by a distinctive rhythmic movement of the feet and legs

  • Stud – adult male horse

  • Mare – adult female horse

  • Foal – young horse

  • Gelding – castrated horse

  • Filly – young female

  • Colt – young male


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